Sambuvaraya

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Sambuvaraya dynasty
Life span?
Capital Padaiveedu, Virinjipuram
Languages Tamil
Religion Hinduism
Government Monarchy
King
 -  1236 - 1268 AD Raja Kambeera Sambuvarayar
 -  1322 - 1337 AD Mankonda Sambuvarayar
 -  1337 - 1373 AD Rajanarayana Sambuvarayar
 -  1356 - 1375 AD Rajanarayana Sambuvarayar III
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Established 12th century AD
 -  Rise of the sambu dynasty
 -  Disestablished Enter end year

Sambuvarayar dynasty is an ancient ruling dynasty in Tondai mandalam.The most important king was Ethirili Chola Sambuvarayar, a vassal under Rajadhiraja Chola II and Kulothunga Chola III who ruled the northern part of Thondaimandalam, now comprising the districts of Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Kancheepuram and Thiruvallur.

Ethirili Chola Sambuvarayar, hailing from the Sengeni family was the son of Sengeni Ammaiyappan Kannudaiya Peruman Vikrama Chola Sambuvarayar. His titles were Virasani, Viruchola and Pallavandan.

Madura Vijayam, a Sanskrit poetical work by Gangamma mahadevi about vijayanagar prince, Kumara Kampanna Udayar or Kumara Kampanna II, the second son of Bukka Raya I quotes thus "Bukka advised his son to march against the Sambuvaraya chieftain who "is the leader of the Vanniyar and he is preparing for war. If you subdue the Vanniyar ruler, it would be easy for you to break the power of the Muslims at Madura".[1]

Origin[edit]

Sambuvarayars were chieftains who belong to the Palli(Vanniyar) caste..The Sambuvarayars ruled mainly northern districts. The first chieftain identified is Omainthan Munnutruvan Palliyana karanamanikam.In this"South Indian Inscriptions Vol.7,Number 500" inscription this chieftain is mentioned as a Palli. He is considered to be the ancestor of the Sengeni Sambuvarayas. He is identified during Sundara Chola’s rule.After him the Sambuvarayas started gaining power and soon attined the position of feudatory rulers.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pran Nath Chopra,, T. K. Ravindran, N. Subrahmanian (1979). History of South India: Medieval period. 
  2. ^ South Indian Inscriptions Vol.7,Number 500