Same-sex marriage in Japan

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Legal status of
same-sex relationships
Marriage
Performed
Recognized
  1. Can be registered also in Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten
  2. Licensed in some counties in Kansas but same-sex marriage is not recognized by the state
  3. Only legal in St. Louis, Missouri
  4. When performed in Mexican states that have legalized same-sex marriage
  5. Only if married in Michigan when same-sex marriage was legal

*Not yet in effect

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Same-sex marriage is not legal in Japan. Article 24 of the Japanese constitution states that "Marriage shall be based only on the mutual consent of both sexes and it shall be maintained through mutual cooperation with the equal rights of husband and wife as a basis."

History[edit]

On March 27, 2009, it was reported that Japan has given the green light for its nationals to marry same-sex foreign partners in countries where same-sex marriages are legal. Japan does not allow same-sex marriages domestically and has so far also refused to issue a key document required for citizens to wed overseas if the applicant's intended spouse was of the same legal sex. Under the change, the justice ministry has instructed local authorities to issue the key certificate—which states a person is single and of legal age—for those who want to enter same-sex marriages.[1]

In June 2011, the deputy head abbot of Kyoto's Shunkō-in Zen temple announced that the temple would perform same-sex marriage ceremonies in the temple as part of Gay and Lesbian Pride Month.[2]

Since May 15, 2012, the Tokyo Disney Resort has allowed symbolic (not government recognized) same-sex marriage ceremonies in its Cinderella's Castle hotel.[3] On March 3, 2013, its first same-sex marriage was held.[4] Koyuki Higashi married her partner, who was only identified by the name Hiroko.[5]

Public opinion[edit]

A May 2013 Ipsos poll found that out of over a thousand Japanese adult interviewees, 24% of respondents were in favor of same-sex marriage and another 27% supported other form of recognition for same-sex couples.[6] An April 2014 Ipsos poll found 26% respondents were in favor of same-sex marriage and 24% were in favor of some other form of recognition for couples.[7]

According to the survey by Nihon Yoron Chosa-ka, conducted on 1 and 2 March 2014, 42.3% of Japanese supported or somewhat supported same-sex marriage, while 52.4% oppose or somewhat oppose it.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]