Samguk Yusa

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Samguk Yusa
Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms in museum.jpg
Korean name
Hangul 삼국유사
Hanja
Revised Romanization Samguk Yusa
McCune–Reischauer Samguk Yusa

Samguk Yusa (Korean pronunciation: [sʰamɡuŋ njusʰa]) or Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms, is a collection of legends, folktales, and historical accounts relating to the Three Kingdoms of Korea (Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla), as well as to other periods and states before, during, and after the Three Kingdoms period.

The text was written in Classical Chinese, which was used by literate Koreans at that time. It was compiled, at least in part, by the Buddhist monk Iryeon (1206 - 1289) at the end of the 13th century, a century after the Samguk Sagi.

Unlike the more factually-oriented Samguk Sagi, the Samguk Yusa focuses on various folktales, legends, and biographies from early Korean history. Many of the founding legends of the various kingdoms in Korean history are recorded in the book. Iryeon covered legends from many Korean kingdoms, including Gojoseon, Wiman Joseon, Buyeo, Goguryeo, Baekje, Silla, and Gaya.

This is the earliest extant record of the Dangun legend, which records the founding of Gojoseon as the first Korean nation.

Editions[edit]

  • Ilyeon (2006) Overlooked Historical Records of the Three Korean Kingdoms, translated by Kim Dal-Yong. Jimoondang: Seoul, Korea. ISBN 89-88095-94-4
  • Ilyon (1972; 2006) Samguk Yusa: Legends and History of the Three Kingdoms of Ancient Korea, translated by Tae-Hung Ha and Grafton K. Mintz. Yonsei University Press: Seoul, Korea. ISBN 1-59654-348-5
  • 일연 (1996) 삼국유사. Somun munhwasa: Seoul. ISBN 89-7004-002-1.
  • 일연 (2002) 삼국유사. translated by Kim Won-jung. Eulyu munhwasa: Seoul. ISBN 89-324-6083-3.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • 三國遺事(Links to full text of Samguk Yusa in literary Chinese)