Place of origin
|Chicken, Korean ginseng|
|Hangul||삼계탕 / 계삼탕|
|Hanja||蔘鷄湯 / 鷄蔘湯|
|Revised Romanization||samgyetang / gyesamtang|
|McCune–Reischauer||samgyet'ang / kyesamt'ang|
Samgyetang (Korean pronunciation: [sʰamɡjetʰaŋ]) is a variety of guk Korean soup, which primarily consists of a whole young chicken and Korean ginseng. The dish's name literally translates as "ginseng chicken soup" in English. Samgyetang is traditionally served in the summer for its supposed nutrients, which replaces those lost through excessive sweating and physical exertion during the hot summers in Korea.
Preparation and serving
To make samgyetang, a whole young chicken is stuffed with glutinous rice and boiled in a broth of Korean ginseng, dried seeded jujube fruits, garlic, and ginger. Depending on the recipe, other medicinal herbs such as Astragalus propinquus (hwanggi), wolfberry (gugija), Codonopsis pilosula (dangsam), and Angelica sinensis (danggwi) may also be added.
Like chicken soup, which is thought to help common sicknesses in the West, in Korea, samgyetang is widely believed to both cure and prevent physical ailments. Proteins and minerals from the whole chicken mixed with the beneficial properties of the ingredients combined in the dish makes it a revered culinary item in South Korea. Only whole, uncut ingredients are used for the dish, as they are believed to preserve the maximum amount of nutrients.
Many Koreans enjoy it on three specific days in summer: Chobok (초복), Jungbok (중복), and Malbok (말복), which Koreans believe to be the hottest and most sultry of the year. Food with high nutrient content is eaten to regain the loss of stamina in the summer heat, and samgyetang is a favorite dish.
Some specialty restaurants in South Korea serve nothing but samgyetang, having gained local popularity through their special recipes for the dish, which are often kept as secrets. The dish is usually accompanied by side dishes and, in some restaurants, a small complimentary bottle of insamju (ginseng wine).
In Cantonese, it is translated as yun sum gai tong. In Chinese culture, similar to Korean culture, this soup is believed to prevent illness. The one main difference is that in Chinese culture, ginseng is not consumed when one is sick because the ginseng is believed to trap the sickness within the person.
- "Samgyetang (삼계탕)" (in Korean /English). Nate Korean-English Dictionary.
- (Korean) Samgyetang at Doosan Encyclopedia
- (Korean) Samgyetang at Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
- (Korean) Nutritious samgyetang, Naeil News, 2010-06-16. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
- (Korean) Boknal at Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
- (Korean) Taste, this taste, Sports Khan, 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
- (Korean) Nutritious foods of summer and wine, Maekyung, 2009-07-07.Retrieved 2010-07-06.
- Derek Chan, "Dining for Two" retrieved Jan 14 2012. (http://dining4two.blogspot.com/2012/01/samgyetang-korean-ginseng-chicken-soup.html)
- Kim Yeong-bok (김영복) / Yeo Gyeong-mo (여경모) (2007-07-12). "Samgyetang Story 1 (삼계탕 이야기 (상))" (in Korean). idomin.com.
- Kim Yeong-bok (김영복) / Yeo Gyeong-mo (여경모) (2007-07-26). "Samgyetang Story 2 (삼계탕 이야기 (하))" (in Korean). idomin.com.
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