- The basic metrical (mantra) text of each of the Vedas (Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda). According to scholars the Vedas are divided into four sections the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas and the Upanishads. The Samhitas and Brahmanas form the Karma-Kanda segment of the Vedas and deals with ceremonial rites and rituals, whilst the Aranyakas and the Upanishads form the Gyan-Kanda segment of the Vedas and focus on philosophy and spiritualism.
- The Samhitas form the first part of each of the four Vedas. As Samhita is the collection of the mantras, so sometimes Samhitas are referred to as Mantras. Most of these mantras or hymns are concerned with nature and deities.
- The Samhitas are named after the Vedas they belong to, for example Rig-Samhitas or Rig-Veda-Samhitas will refer to Samhitas of Rigveda.
There are many well known books written in the post-vedic period, possibly after 6th century BC, also known as Samhitas or Sanhitas, because the word “Samhita” means “Compilation of knowledge”. Vedic samhitas should not be confused with these samhitas of post-vedic period. And some of these post-vedic Samhitas are:
- Ashtavakra Gita
- Bhrigu Samhita
- Brahma Samhita
- Deva Samhita
- Garga Samhita
- Kashyap Samhita
- Shiva Samhita
- Yogayajnavalkya Samhita
- Gheranda Samhita
- Goraksha Samhita
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