A Sami drum (northern sami goavddis, gobdis or meavrresgárri, southern sami gievrie, Norwegian: runebomme, also known as "rune drum", "sami shamanic drum" or "magic drum", ) is a membrane-covered oval or circular drum used as shamanistic ceremonial drum by the Sami people.
- A ring or some other accoutrement, probably symbolizing a frog, was during rituals moved around on the drum membrane, which contained some hundreds of runes (elks, sun, thunder, etc.). From its spontaneous selection of a given rune, predictions and conclusions were made from the matched rune itself and the path that the ring would take in selecting it.[this quote needs a citation]
Only about 70 drums have been preserved until today, and most of those date back only to the 17th or 18th century. Probably the best-known is the Linné drum – a drum that was given to Carolus Linnaeus during his visits in the northern Sweden. He later gave it to a museum in France, and recently it was brought back to the Swedish National Museum.
- selskab, Kongelige Norske videnskabers (1904). Det Kgl. Norske videnskabers selskabs skrifter. I Kommisjon Hos F. Bruns Bokhandel. p. 65. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- Dean, Matt (2011). The Drum: A History. Scarecrow. p. 57. ISBN 9780810881709. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- Ahlbäck, Tore; Bergman, Jan (1991). The Saami Shaman Drum: based on papers read at the Symposium on the Saami Shaman Drum held at Åbo, Finland, on the 19th-20th of August 1988. Donner Institute for Research in Religious and Cultural History. p. 108. ISBN 9789516498594. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
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- Sámi Drums – Then and Now, University of Texas
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