The Sami knife has a long, wide, and strong blade that is suited for light chopping tasks such as de-limbing, cutting small trees for shelter poles (See Lavvu), brush clearing, bone breaking and butchering tasks, and is sometimes used as a substitute for an axe for chopping and splitting small amounts of firewood from standing dead trees- an essential ability when all dead and fallen wood is buried underneath many layers of snow. Typical Sami knives have a blade length ranging from 200 to 450 mm. The largest knives can be considered as machetes or short swords.
The handle is invariably made from birch for better grip when used in snowy conditions. This also provides superior control over the blade, particularly when using draw strokes, which are preferred when handling the knife with gloves, or while the hands are numb. The tang runs through the handle. The handle has no crossguard. Traditional material for the sheath is reindeer leather.
The blade's edge invariably has a Scandinavian (or Scandi) grind, i.e. a single flat bevel. The blade should be strong enough to split (reindeer) bones, and it is typically not made of stainless steel since it can break in very cold temperatures. Some Sami knives have fullers. The knives are excellent outdoor tools for bushcrafting.
The Sami people typically use two knives; the smaller one can be called a buiku, puukko or unna niibaš (small knife), while the larger "Sami knife" is called stuorra niibi (big knife).
See also 
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