Sammarinese Communist Party
The Sammarinese Communist Party (Partito Comunista Sammarinese, PCS) was a communist party in San Marino. It was founded in 1941 and early became the largest opposition party to the governing Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party (PDCS), gaining always around 20–25% of the vote, much less than its Italian counterpart, the Italian Communist Party (PCI). However, between 1945 and 1957, it governed the country in coalition with the Sammarinese Socialist Party (PSS). Later, in 1973 and in 1986, it also formed a coalition with the PDCS.
In 1990, in parallel to the transformation of PCI into the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS) in Italy, the PCS renounced communism and was transformed into the Sammarinese Democratic Progressive Party (PPDS), provoking the split of the hard-liners who formed the Sammarinese Communist Refoundation (RCS).
In the 1980s, the PCS was estimated to have around 1,000 members. Its youth organization was Communist Youth Federation of San Marino. During its fifty years of life, the PCS published a newspaper titled La Scintilla.
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