Sammo Hung

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Sammo Hung
SammoHung.jpg
Chinese name 洪金寶 (traditional)
Chinese name 洪金宝 (simplified)
Pinyin Hóng Jīnbǎo (Mandarin)
Jyutping Hung4 Gam1-bou2 (Cantonese)
Ancestry Ningbo, Zhejiang, China
Born (1952-01-07) 7 January 1952 (age 62)
Hong Kong
Other name(s) Yuen Lung (元龍) / Chu Yuen Lung (朱元龍), Dai Goh Dai (大哥大; Big, Big Brother)
Occupation Actor, martial artist, director, producer, action choreographer, screenwriter, film presenter, adult film director
Years active 1961–present
Spouse(s) Jo Yun Ok (1973–1994)
Joyce Godenzi (1995–present)
Children Timmy Hung Tin Ming
Jimmy Hung Tin Cheung
Sammy Hung Tin Chiu
Stephanie Hung Chao Yu
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hung.

Sammo Hung (born 7 January 1952), also known as Hung Kam-bo (洪金寶), is a Hong Kong actor, martial artist, film producer and director, known for his work in many martial arts films and Hong Kong action cinema. He has been a fight choreographer for, amongst others, Jackie Chan, King Hu, and John Woo.

Hung is one of the pivotal figures who spearheaded the Hong Kong New Wave movement of the 1980s, helped reinvent the martial arts genre and started the vampire-like jiangshi genre. He is widely credited with assisting many of his compatriots, giving them their starts in the Hong Kong film industry, by casting them in the films he produced, or giving them roles in the production crew.

It is common for Asians to address their elders or influential people with familial nouns as a sign of familiarity and respect. Jackie Chan, for example, is often addressed as "Dai Goh" (Chinese: 大哥; pinyin: dà gē), meaning Big Brother. Hung was also known as "Dai Goh", until the filming of Project A, which featured both actors. As Hung was the eldest of the kung fu "brothers", and the first to make a mark on the industry, he was given the nickname "Dai Goh Dai" (Chinese: 大哥大; pinyin: dà gē dà; Jyutping: daai6 go1 daai6), meaning, Big, Big Brother, or Biggest Big Brother.[1]

Early years[edit]

Hung's ancestral hometown is Ningbo, Zhejiang. Born in Hong Kong, both of his parents worked as wardrobe artists in the local film industry and guardianship was thrust upon his grandparents. His grandmother was archetypal martial art actress Chin Tsi-ang[2] and his grandfather was film director Hung Chung-Ho.

Hung joined the China Drama Academy, a Peking Opera School in Hong Kong, in 1961. He was enrolled for a period of seven years, beginning at the age of 9, after his grandparents heard about the school from their friends.[3] The opera school was run by Master Yu Jim Yuen and as was customary for all students, Hung adopted the given name of his sifu as his family name whilst attending. Going by the name Yuen Lung, Hung became the foremost member of the Seven Little Fortunes (七小福) performing group,[4] and would establish a friendly rivalry with one of the younger students, Yuen Lo. Yuen Lo would go on to become international superstar Jackie Chan. At the age of 14, Hung was selected by a teacher who had connections to the Hong Kong film industry to perform stunts on a movie. This brief foray into the industry piqued his interest in film and he took particular interest in the operation of film cameras.[3] As the eldest of the troupe, Hung would give his opera school brothers pocket money from his earnings, endearing him greatly to his young friends.[5] Shortly before leaving the Academy at the age of 16, Hung suffered an injury that left him bedridden for an extended period, during which time his weight ballooned. After finding work in the film industry as a stuntman, he was given a nickname after a well-known Chinese cartoon character, Sam-mo (三毛; Three Hairs).

Many years later, in 1988, Hung starred in Alex Law's Painted Faces, a dramatic re-telling of his experiences at the China Drama Academy. Among the exercises featured in the film are numerous acrobatic backflips, and hours of handstands performed against a wall. Despite some of the more brutal exercises and physical punishments shown in Painted Faces, Hung and the rest of the Seven Little Fortunes consider the film a toned-down version of their actual experiences.

Film career[edit]

1960s and 1970s[edit]

Hung appeared as a child actor in several films for Cathay Asia and Bo Bo Films during the early 1960s. His film debut was in the 1961 film Education of Love.[4] In 1962, he made his first appearance alongside Jackie Chan in the film Big and Little Wong Tin Bar, followed by a role in The Birth of Yue Fei,[6] in which he played the ten-year-old Yue Fei, the historical figure from the Song Dynasty who would go on to become a famous Chinese general and martyr. The majority of Hung's performance was alongside another actor portraying Zhou Tong, Yue's elderly military arts tutor. In 1966, at the age of just 14, Hung began working for Shaw Brothers Studio, assisting the action director Han Yingjie, on King Hu's film Come Drink with Me. Between 1966 and 1974, Hung worked on over 30 wuxia films for Shaw Brothers, progressing through the roles of extra, stuntman, stunt co-ordinator and ultimately, action director.

In 1970, Hung began working for Raymond Chow and the Golden Harvest film company.[4] He was initially hired to choreograph the action scenes for the very first Golden Harvest film, The Angry River (1970).[7] His popularity soon began to grow, and due to the quality of his choreography and disciplined approach to his work, he again caught the eye of celebrated Taiwanese director, King Hu. Hung choreographed two of Hu's films, A Touch of Zen (1971) and The Fate of Lee Khan (1973).

In the same year, Hung went to South Korea to study hapkido under master Ji Han Jae.

Also in 1973, he was seen in the Bruce Lee classic, Enter the Dragon. Hung was the Shaolin student Lee faces in the opening sequence.

In 1975, Hung appeared in The Man from Hong Kong, billed as the first Australian martial arts film.

Toward the late 1970s, Hong Kong cinema began to shift away from the Mandarin-language, epic martial art films popularised by directors such as Chang Cheh. In a series of films, Hung, along with Jackie Chan, began reinterpreting the genre by making comedic Cantonese kungfu. While these films still strongly featured martial arts, it was mixed with a liberal dose of humour.

In 1977, Hung was given his first lead role in a Golden Harvest production, in the film Shaolin Plot. His next film, released the same year, was also his directorial debut, The Iron-Fisted Monk, one of the earliest martial art comedies.[4]

In 1978, Raymond Chow gave Hung the task of completing the fight co-ordination for the re-shoot of Game of Death, the film Bruce Lee was unable to complete before his death in 1973.

In 1979, Hung directed his second film, the comedy Enter the Fat Dragon, for H.K. Fong Ming Motion Picture Company, also playing the lead role Ah Lung; a character who idolises and impersonates Bruce Lee.[4] Hung has impersonated Lee on film twice more - in the final fight scene against Cynthia Rothrock in Millionaire's Express (1986),[7] and throughout the 1990 Lau Kar Wing film Skinny Tiger, Fatty Dragon.

After Jackie Chan's success with Drunken Master (1978), Hung was scheduled to make a similar film featuring Drunken Master's "Beggar So" character played by Yuen Siu Tien (aka Simon Yuen). As his elder, Sammo's films were expected to surpass Chan's in popularity. The film was Magnificent Butcher (1979), which Hung co-directed with Yuen Woo-ping. However, during filming Yuen Siu Tien died of a heart attack. He was replaced by Fan Mei Sheng and Yuen's absence may have led to low ticket sales.

1980s[edit]

As Hung's fame grew, he used his newly found influence to assist his former China Drama Academy classmates, as well as the former students of "rival" school, The Spring and Autumn Drama School. Aside from regular collaborations with Chan, others such as Yuen Biao, Yuen Wah, Lam Ching-ying and Mang Hoi also began to make regular appearances in his films.

In 1978 and 1981, Hung made two films that contain fine examples of the Wing Chun style. The first, Warriors Two was the most significant role to date for South Korean super kicker Casanova Wong, who teamed up with Hung in the final fight. The second film was The Prodigal Son, in which the Wing Chun fighting was performed by Lam Ching-Ying. The release of The Prodigal Son, along with another film directed by and co-starring Hung, Knockabout (1979) also shot his fellow Opera schoolmate Yuen Biao to stardom.

Hung's martial arts films of the 1980s helped reconfigure how martial arts were presented on screen. While the martial arts films of the 1970s generally featured highly stylised fighting sequences in period or fantasy settings, Hung's choreography, set in modern urban areas, was more realistic and frenetic - featuring long one-on-one fight scenes. The fight sequences from several of these films, such as those in Winners and Sinners (1982) and Wheels on Meals (1985) came to define 1980s martial arts movies.

In 1983, the collaboration between the triumvirate of Hung, Jackie Chan, and Yuen Biao began with Chan's Project A. Hung, Chan and Yuen were known as the 'Three Dragons' and their alliance lasted for 5 years. Although Yuen continued to appear in the films of Hung and Chan, the final film to date starring all three was 1988's Dragons Forever.

Hung was also responsible for the Lucky Stars comedy film series in the 1980s. He directed and co-starred in the original trilogy, Winners and Sinners (1983), My Lucky Stars (1985) and Twinkle, Twinkle Lucky Stars (1985). These first three films featured Chan and Biao in supporting roles. Hung also produced and played a supporting role in the fourth film, Lucky Stars Go Places (1986), and made a cameo appearance in the sixth and final film, How to Meet the Lucky Stars (1996).

During the 1980s, Hung was instrumental in the creating the jiangshi genre—a "jiangshi" being hopping re-animated corpses - a Chinese equivalent to Western vampires. Two landmark films, Encounters of the Spooky Kind (1980) and The Dead and the Deadly (1983) featured jiangshi who move in standing jumps towards their victims, as well as Taoist priests with the ability to quell these vampires (and at times, each other) through magical spells and charms. Hung's jiangshi films would pave the way for films such as the popular Mr. Vampire (1985), which he also produced, and its sequels. He revitalised the subgenre of female-led martial art films, producing cop films such as Yes, Madam aka Police Assassins (1985), which introduced stars Michelle Yeoh and Cynthia Rothrock.

1990s[edit]

Film[edit]

After some relatively poor performances at the domestic box-office, Hung had a dispute with studio head, Raymond Chow. Hung had produced the thriller Into the Fire (1989), but Hung felt Golden Harvest had withdrawn the film from cinemas too soon. The disagreement led to Hung parting company with Golden Harvest in 1991, after 21 years with the company.

Whilst continuing to produce films through his own company Bojon Films Company Ltd, Hung failed to equal his early successes. His fortunes improved somewhat as the helmer of Mr. Nice Guy (1997), a long-awaited reunion with Chan.

In 1994, Hung coordinated the fight sequences in Wong Kar-wai's wuxia epic, Ashes of Time.

Television[edit]

In 1998, US television network CBS began to broadcast Martial Law (1998–2000) on Saturday nights, an action-drama built around Hung. The hour-long shows were a surprise success and installed Hung as the only East Asian headlining a prime time network series. The television series was executive produced and occasionally directed by Stanley Tong, and co-starred Arsenio Hall. Hung reportedly recited some of his English dialogue phonetically.

2000s[edit]

Film[edit]

During 2000-2001, Hung expressed interest in creating a film adaptation of the video game Soulcalibur. The production agreement for the film was made around April 2001 with an estimated budget of $50 million. Hung had the idea of producing a martial arts epic with Chen Lung Jackie Chan in the lead role, but the film was never made. Hung's plans were detailed on his website, but after a year the announcement was removed. The film rights have since been acquired by Warren Zide, the producer of American Pie and Final Destination.

Hung found renewed success in Hong Kong film industry in the 2000s, beginning with The Legend of Zu (2001), the long-awaited sequel to the 1983 hit Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain. In 2004, Stephen Chow's Kung Fu Hustle was released. Though Yuen Woo-ping was credited for the martial arts choreography on Kung Fu Hustle, Hung actually did the preliminary work but left the film midway through, and Yuen filled in to complete it. Because of his departure from the film, there was tabloid speculation that he and Chow had strong differences over the film, resulting in their separation. Chow has since responded that Hung left for personal reasons and not because of speculated tensions. In 2004, Hung again worked with Jackie Chan, in a brief but notable appearance in Disney's Around the World in 80 Days as the legendary folk hero Wong Fei Hung, a character played by Chan in the Drunken Master series.

In 2005, Hung was involved in Daniel Lee's Dragon Squad and Wilson Yip's SPL: Sha Po Lang (aka Kill Zone). In the latter, Hung played a villain for the first time in over 25 years, and had his first ever fight scene against Donnie Yen. One of the key relationships in SPL had been Hung's role as the adoptive father of Wu Jing's character. However, these scenes were dropped from the final film as the director couldn't find a way to fit them into the film. In response to this, a prequel film was planned. Hung appeared alongside Wu Jing again in 2007's Twins Mission with stars, the Twins. In early 2008, Hung starred in Fatal Move, in which he and Ken Lo played a pair of rival triad gang leaders.[1] He also starred in, and performed action choreography for, Daniel Lee's Three Kingdoms: Resurrection of the Dragon, with Andy Lau and Maggie Q. The film, was based on the book Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

Antony Szeto's film, Wushu, which stars Hung premiered in Beijing in October 2008. The film was unveiled by Golden Network at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival. Jackie Chan was the film's executive producer, and worked on the film in an advisory capacity, assisting with marketing and casting.[8] Hung then worked again with director Wilson Yip and star Donnie Yen, as the action director for the 2008 film Ip Man.

In 2010, Hung was given a lifetime achievement award at the New York Asian Film Festival, where four of his films were shown.[9] Hung appears in and choreographed Ip Man 2 (2010). His role is that of a Hung Gar master who challenges Yip Man.

Television[edit]

In between films and special appearances, Hung has appeared in several East Asian television series. In 2003 he was in two mainland Chinese series - Undercover Cop with Fan Bingbing, followed by The Valley of Lost Vengeance (aka End Enmity Hollow). More recently, he played a master con-artist in the Taiwanese series Coming Lies and Wing Chun master Wong Wah-bo in Wing Chun, reprising the role he played in The Prodigal Son over 20 years earlier. He co-starred in the series alongside Yuen Biao, Nicholas Tse and his youngest son, Sammy Hung.[10]

Hung appeared as a guest judge on the China Beijing TV Station reality television series The Disciple, which aired in mainland China and was produced by, and featured, Jackie Chan. The aim of the program was to find a new star, skilled in acting and martial arts, to become Chan's "successor", the champion being awarded the lead role in a film. It concluded on 7 June 2008, with the series winner announced in Beijing.[11]

In another mainland Chinese television series, The Shaolin Warriors, set during the Ming Dynasty, Hung played Big Foot, a Shaolin warrior monk joining General Qi Jiguang's marines to help defend the nation against Japanese pirates. Sammy Hung also has a role, as Big Foot's disciple.[1]

Future[edit]

Forthcoming film roles for Hung include starring roles in another Daniel Lee film, entitled Duel and in Vincent Kok's horror comedy, V for Vampire. These will be followed by a co-starring role alongside Bruce Liang in He Who Would Be King produced by Ju Long's new film studio[12] and Kevin Munroe's War Monkeys for Dark Horse Indie, a branch of Dark Horse Entertainment.[13] Hung is also expected to work once again with Stephen Chow, playing a role in the director's forthcoming wuxia comedy film. The film is currently in the script-writing phase and is as-yet unnamed.[14]

Hung has also directed and starred in another martial arts epic entitled Howling Arrow. According to Hung's official website, it stars Aaron Kwok, Wu Jing, and Zhou Xun and was filmed for Tsui Siu-Ming's Sundream Motion Pictures. Filming was supposed to begin in 2007, but the film appears to have been delayed indefinitely.

Filmography[edit]

Hung has starred in 75 films, and worked on over 230, beginning as a child actor whilst still attending the China Drama Academy. Upon leaving the opera school, he worked as an extra and stuntman, and progressed through other roles including fight choreographer, stunt co-ordinator, action director, actor, writer, producer and director.

Film production[edit]

Gar Bo Motion Picture Company[edit]

In 1978 Sammo Hung formed Gar Bo Motion Picture Company, a subsidiary of Golden Harvest,[15] with director Karl Maka and former actor-choreographer Lau Kar Wing (brother of actors Lau Kar-leung and Gordon Liu). The company's name consists of the "Gar" sound from Lau Kar Wing and Karl Maka (Mak Kar), and "Bo" from Hung Kam Bo.).[16] The company disbanded in 1980, when Maka moved on to form Cinema City & Films Co. with Raymond Wong and Dean Shek.[17] Gar Bo released two films, both starring Hung and Lau:

Bo Ho Film Company Ltd[edit]

1980 saw Raymond Chow pull one of Hung's films from local cinemas after just two weeks. Hung responded by starting his own production company Bo Ho Film Company Ltd, allowing him to have greater control to produce Hong Kong films.[18][19] Whilst Bo Ho produced, Golden Harvest still operated as distributors. In all, 40 films were released by Bo Ho, several of which starred Hung:

D&B Films Company Ltd[edit]

In 1983, Hung co-founded another production company, D&B Films Company Ltd ("D&B" being short for "Duk-Bo"), with Dickson Poon and John Shum.[7] The company operated until 1992 and produced a total of 77 Hong Kong films:[20]

Bojon Films Company Ltd[edit]

In 1989, Hung formed a new production company, Bojon Films Company Ltd.[21] The company produced 5 films, all of which starred Hung:

Personal life[edit]

  • Hung's grandmother was martial-arts actress Chin Tsi-ang, who starred in almost 80 films between 1941 and 2002. His grandfather was film director and writer Hung Chung Ho, who directed over 40 films between 1937 and 1950.
  • Hung's younger brother, Lee Chi Kit, has worked on almost 40 films, many of which Hung was also involved with. Lee also worked on Hung's Martial Law series. He works primarily as a supporting actor and action director.[22]
  • He has three sons and a daughter, Timmy Hung Tin Ming (洪天明; born 1974), Jimmy Hung Tin Cheung (洪天祥; born 1977), Sammy Hung Tin Chiu (洪天照; born 1979) and Stephanie Hung Chao Yu (洪煦榆; born 1983) with Jo Yun Ok (曹恩玉), whom he grew up with in martial arts training school. He divorced Jo in 1994 and married model and actress Joyce Godenzi in 1995.[23] Godenzi appeared in several of his films including The Haunted Island, Eastern Condors (both 1986), and Paper Marriage (1988) prior to the pair becoming a couple. She also appeared in Mr. Nice Guy (1997).
Hung's star, hand prints and autograph on the Avenue of Stars
  • Timmy Hung has appeared alongside his father in SPL: Sha Po Lang, Legend of the Dragon, and Kung Fu Chefs, as well as having a recurring role in Sammo's series, Martial Law.
  • Sammy Hung appeared as the nemesis to Nicholas Tse's character in the 2007 television series Wing Chun, a remake of the original series broadcast in 1994, and the subsequent film Wing Chun. The series also starred Sammo Hung and Yuen Biao. Sammy also appeared alongside his father in the film Choy Lee Fut.[10]
  • Hung is one of the celebrities honoured on the Avenue of Stars, Hong Kong.
  • Hung is known for his large frame. Despite this, he is a surprisingly agile and formidable martial artist.
  • He has a circular scar on the right side of his face, just above his lip. In the early days of his film career, Hung was involved in a street fight outside a Kowloon nightclub, and was stabbed with a broken cola bottle.
  • On 5 August 2009, Hung became unwell during the filming of Ip Man 2 in the Guangdong province of Foshan. He was admitted to hospital and underwent a heart surgery operation. He was discharged and returned to work within days. He cited a combination of his weight, his love of cigars and long filming hours resulting in fatigue and irregular meals as the cause.[24]

In popular culture[edit]

  • A pop band from Wales named themselves Sammo Hung after the actor.[25]
  • Master Elehung Kinpo, from Juken Sentai Gekiranger, is named after him. Coincidentally, Yū Mizushima, the voice actor for Elehung Kinpo, did the dubbing for Sammo Hung.
  • A martial artist named Samohan Kinpou is frequently referred to in the anime Negima?!

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Martial Arts Movies and TV Series - Wu Jing". Big, Big Brother Sammo Hung. Wu Jing.org. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "IMDb". Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  3. ^ a b Eastern Condors, Sammo Hung interview (DVD featurette) (DVD). Hong Kong Legends, UK. 1987 (film), 2001 (DVD).  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ a b c d e "Sammo Hung". Biography. Yahoo.com Movies. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  5. ^ "Attending Wushu Premiere, Sammo Hung and Jackie Chan Reminisce Their Past and Reveal Future Projects". Wu-jing.org. Retrieved 2008-11-05. 
  6. ^ "Yue Fei Chu Shi" (in Chinese). China Movie DataBase. Retrieved 2007-07-17. 
  7. ^ a b c Skinny Tiger, Fatty Dragon, Sammo Hung: The Bruce Lee Connection (DVD featurette) (DVD). Hong Kong Legends, UK. 1990 (film), 2004 (DVD).  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  8. ^ Frater, Patrick. "'Wushu' gets its wings". Variety. Retrieved 2006-04-01. 
  9. ^ Lau, Joyce Hor-Chung (2010-07-02). "A King of Kung Fu Films Savors Work and Honors". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-07-10. 
  10. ^ a b "Sammo Hung's official website". Retrieved 2006-04-01. 
  11. ^ "Jackie Chan on the Reasons Behind Producing The Disciple". Wu-Jing.org. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  12. ^ "He Who Would Be King Press Conference". Wu-jing.org. Retrieved 2008-11-05. 
  13. ^ "Sammo Hung to Star in War Monkeys". Empire Online. Retrieved 2009-02-17. 
  14. ^ "Stephen Chow Plans Collaboration with Chengdu on Wuxia Comedy?". Wu-jing.org. Retrieved 2009-03-18. 
  15. ^ "Gar Bo Motion Picture Company". Hong Kong Cinemagic. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  16. ^ Odd Couple, Bey Logan audio commentary (DVD). Hong Kong Legends, UK. 1979 (film), 2005 (DVD).  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  17. ^ "Jongo Knows". Sammo Hung (洪金宝). Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  18. ^ "Bo Ho Films Co., Ltd.". Hong Kong Cinemagic. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  19. ^ "Sammo Hung 洪金寶". EasternLens.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  20. ^ "D&B Films Co". Hong Kong Cinemagic. Retrieved 2007-11-21. 
  21. ^ "Bojon Films Company". Hong Kong Cinemagic. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  22. ^ "HK Cinemagic". Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  23. ^ "Film Reference website". Retrieved 2006-05-03. 
  24. ^ "Entertainment News: HK actor Sammo Hung hospitalised for heart surgery". News story. Channel News Asia. Retrieved 2009-08-26. 
  25. ^ "BBC Wales - Music". Archived from the original on 2006-05-02. Retrieved 2006-05-03. 

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Michael Hui
for Security Unlimited
Hong Kong Film Award for Best Actor
1983
for Carry On Pickpocket
Succeeded by
Tony Leung Ka-Fai
for Reign Behind the Curtain
Preceded by
Chow Yun-fat
for City on Fire
Hong Kong Film Award for Best Actor
1989
for Painted Faces
Succeeded by
Chow Yun-fat
for All About Ah-Long
Preceded by
NA
Hong Kong Film Award for Best Action Choreography
1983
for The Prodigal Son
Succeeded by
Yuen Biao, Lam Ching-ying, Billy Chan
for Winners and Sinners
Preceded by
Donnie Yen
for Flash Point
Hong Kong Film Award for Best Action Choreography
2009
for Ip Man
Succeeded by
Stephen Tung Wai, Lee Tat Chiu
for Bodyguards and Assassins
Preceded by
Nicky Lee Chung Chi
for Connected
Golden Horse Awards for Best Action Choreography
2009
for Ip Man
Succeeded by
Sammo Hung
for Ip Man 2
Preceded by
Sammo Hung
for Ip Man
Golden Horse Awards for Best Action Choreography
2010
for Ip Man 2
Succeeded by
TBD