Samnanger

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Samnanger kommune
Municipality
Kvittingen1.jpg
Coat of arms of Samnanger kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Samnanger kommune
Hordaland within
Norway
Samnanger within Hordaland
Samnanger within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°24′10″N 05°48′20″E / 60.40278°N 5.80556°E / 60.40278; 5.80556Coordinates: 60°24′10″N 05°48′20″E / 60.40278°N 5.80556°E / 60.40278; 5.80556
Country Norway
County Hordaland
District Midhordland
Administrative centre Tysse
Government
 • Mayor (1999) Marit A. Aase (KrF)
Area
 • Total 269.07 km2 (103.89 sq mi)
 • Land 257.47 km2 (99.41 sq mi)
 • Water 11.6 km2 (4.5 sq mi)
Area rank 290 in Norway
Population (2014)
 • Total 2,436
 • Rank 305 in Norway
 • Density 9.5/km2 (25/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 4.5 %
Demonym Samning[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1242
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.samnanger.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Samnanger is a municipality in the Midhordland region of Hordaland county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Tysse. Other main villages in the municipality include Haga and Årland. The municipality is located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of the city of Bergen, Norway's second largest city. It surrounds the inner part of the Samnangerfjorden and the surrounding valleys. There are mountains that surround the municipality. The development of hydroelectric power plants started here in 1909.

General information[edit]

View of Klungerdalsnipa
View of the area

The municipality of Samnanger was established on 1 January 1907 when it was separated from the municipality of Os on 1 January 1907. Initially, Samnanger had 3,025 residents. The borders of the municipality have not changed since that time.[2]

Name[edit]

The name originally belonged to the fjord (now called the Samnangerfjorden). The meaning of the first element is unknown, and the last element is angr which means "fjord".[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 27 April 1990. It shows six yellow drops of water on a red field. Water was chosen as a symbol on the arms because of the wet climate and the source of hydroelectricity that is prevalent in the area. The designer of the arms was Even Jarl Skoglund.[4][5]

See also: Coats of arms of Bykle and Tinn

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Samnanger. It is part of the Hardanger og Voss deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Samnanger
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Samnanger Haga Church Haga 1995
Samnanger Church Årland 1851

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Samnanger, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

View of some typical houses in Samnanger

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Samnanger is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[6]

Samnanger Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 6
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 4
  Conservative Party Høgre 2
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 4
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 2
  Local Lists Lokale lister 3
Total number of members: 21

Geography[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 2,503 —    
1960 2,493 −0.4%
1970 2,180 −12.6%
1980 2,305 +5.7%
1990 2,412 +4.6%
2000 2,282 −5.4%
2010 2,375 +4.1%
2014 2,436 +2.6%
Source: Statistics Norway.

Samnanger lies at the inner end of the Samnangerfjorden. The municipalities of Fusa and Os lie to the south, Bergen is to the west, Vaksdal is to the north, and Kvam is the to the east. Samnanger lies on the mainland of Norway, but its western parts lie on the Bergen Peninsula—a large peninsula connected to the mainland by a small isthmus of land running between Trengereid and Årland.

The Gullfjellet mountains lie along the western border of the municipality. The mountain Sveningen lies at the tripoint border with Samnanger, Bergen, and Os. The Kvamskogen mountain plateau lies along the eastern border of the municipality.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Samnanger" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-07-13. 
  4. ^ "Kommunevåpen". Flags of the World. 28 June 2002. Retrieved 21 September 2008. 
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2014-07-13. 
  6. ^ "Members of the local councils, by party/electoral lists and municipality" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2011.