Samoëns

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Samoëns
Samoens.jpg
Samoëns is located in France
Samoëns
Samoëns
Coordinates: 46°05′05″N 6°43′41″E / 46.0847°N 6.7281°E / 46.0847; 6.7281Coordinates: 46°05′05″N 6°43′41″E / 46.0847°N 6.7281°E / 46.0847; 6.7281
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Haute-Savoie
Arrondissement Bonneville
Canton Samoëns
Government
 • Mayor (2008–present) Jean-Jacques Grandcollot
Area1 97.29 km2 (37.56 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 2,396
 • Density 25/km2 (64/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 74258 / 74340
Elevation 671–2,665 m (2,201–8,743 ft)
(avg. 710 m or 2,330 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Samoëns is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. It is the principal commune for the canton which bears its name. The town of Samoëns is located in the Vallée du Giffre (Giffre Valley) in the French Alps.

Stonemasons[edit]

Stone has long been a traditional feature of the Upper Giffre Valley which is dotted with limestone quarries (hardness coefficient, 13). To supplement their income from farming, the men in the region used to work stone.

In 1659, there were so many frahans (the local name for stonecutters and masons)[1] in Samoëns and their expertise was so well known that they set up a very famous brotherhood. It engaged in charity work, taking care of the sick and training young apprentices in its own school of draughtsmen, which had an extensive library.

The members of the brotherhood of masons and stonecutters in Samoëns were contacted for leading construction projects. They worked with Vauban on his fortifications, were commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte to build canals in Saint-Quentin, and worked in Givors and even further afield, in Poland, Louisiana and Australia.

To ensure that they were not understood by outsiders when talking to each other, they used their own dialect, called mourmé.[1]

Evidence of their work can be seen all over the village, in its architecture. Even now, there are a number of stonecutters upholding the tradition in Samoëns and the brotherhood has become a cultural association, the Société des Maçons.

Tourist destination[edit]

The town carries the designation of a "ville fleurie" distinguishing it as one of the most beautiful towns in France.[2]

It is a popular summer destination as well as the site of a ski resort that departs from a new lift (Grand massif Express) at the edge of town linking up to Samoëns 1600 also known as the Plateau des Saix, this resort is part of the larger five town Grand Massif which includes Flaine and Morillon.[3]

Samoens has been awarded the 'Famille Plus Montagne' label, making it a great destination for a family ski holiday.[4]

Samoëns is the only winter sports resort to be classified by the Caisse Nationale des Monuments Historiques.

Jaysinia and the Cognac-Jaÿ Foundation[edit]

Jaÿsinia (3.7 hectares) is a botanical garden specializing in alpine flowers, established in 1906 by Marie-Louise Cognac-Jaÿ, a native of Samoëns and founder of La Samaritaine department store in Paris. Since 1936 it has been directed by the Scientific Division of Botany from the National Museum of Natural History. It is open all year and is free of charge.

Chapels[edit]

There are no less than nine chapels in and around Samoëns, not counting the many shrines and other cultural buildings visible in a landscape dotted with hamlets. Most of them were built in the 17th century (except for the chapel in Le Bérouze, which dates from the fifteenth century and the one in Les Allamands dating from the nineteenth century).

The onion domes suddenly come into view as you round a corner in a footpath, reminding today's hikers of the patient work undertaken by the craftsmen of days gone by.

Two of these small buildings have had a surprising history – they were moved from one place to another! The chapel in Le Bérouze was originally built at the mountain pass known as Col de Couz but it was badly damaged during an invasion by Swiss troops in 1476. Four years later, it was decided to "bring it down the mountain" and rebuild it on the main square in Le Bérouze.

In Mathonex, the chapel looks down over the village like a lighthouse warning sailors of the dangers of the coastline but the original building was much closer to the centre of the village. Its "relocation" became a necessity after a landslide.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b J. Desormaux, "Mélanges savoisiens, VIII. L'argot des ramoneurs", (1912) 26 Revue de philologie française et de littérature p 77 (ISSN 12455733), Gallica, Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Littérature et art, 8-X-4072, 2011 accessed 7 January 2013. "Le mourmé, parlé à Samoëns, comme le mènedigne ou mannedigne, en usage à Morzine et à Montriond, est l'argot propre aus frahans, tailleurs de pierre et maçons de ces localités du Chablais." (mourmé, spoken at Samoëns, as with mènedigne or mannedigne, in use at Morzine and at Montriond, is the argot of the frahans, stonecutters and masons of these places in Chablais district.)
  2. ^ "Les villes et villages fleuris (Towns and villages in bloom)" (in French). Conseil National des Villes et Villages Fleuris (Paris). Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.peakretreats.co.uk/ski/samoens.htm
  4. ^ http://www.skiingsamoens.co.uk/

External links[edit]