Samo Chalupka

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Samo Chalupka
Samo Chalupka.jpg
slovak romantic poet
Born (1812-02-27)February 27, 1812
Horná Lehota, Austrian Empire (now Slovakia)
Died May 19, 1883(1883-05-19) (aged 71)
Horná Lehota, Austria-Hungary (now Slovakia)
Language slovak
Nationality slovak

Signature

Samo Chalupka (27 February 1812, Horná Lehota, Brezno District - 19 May 1883, Horná Lehota) was a Slovak romantic poet.

Monument to Chalupka near Račianske mýto in Bratislava

Life[edit]

Samo Chalupka was a younger brother of Ján Chalupka, another Slovak writer. Samo studied at the Evangelical Lutheran Lyceum in Bratislava and also in Vienna. He studied theology and philosophy. When an uprising against Russia broke out in Poland in 1830, Samo Chalupka interrupted his long studies and fought on the Polish side. He was injured in 1831 and returned to Bratislava. He was the oldest member of the Ľudovít Štúr generation of the Slovak national revival. He was one of the founders and active members of the Czech-Slovak Society.

Creation[edit]

He started writing in the so-called Czech biblical language, when he studied on lyceum in Bratislava. His debut poems were published in almanac Plody (Fruit) in 1836. His works display Slovak nature and also patriotism, loyalty to homeland and people. He used folk songs. In 1840s he joined Slovak national revival because he wanted to codificate language of his nation. His first poem compilation Spevy (Vocals, 1868) was about this topic.

Works[edit]

Poetry[edit]

  • 1829 - Repertorium dispositionum
  • 1834 - Koníku moj vraný Heje
  • 1834 - Nářek slovenský
  • 1834 - Píseň vojenská
  • 1864 - Mor ho!
  • 1868 - Spevy:
    • Likavský väzeň (original Jánošíkova náumka)
    • Kráľoholská
    • Branko
    • Kozák (original Syn vojny)
    • Turčín Poničan
    • Boj pri Jelšave
    • Odboj Kupov
  • Vojenská
  • Juhoslovanom
  • Bolo i bude
  • Večer pod Tatrou
  • Při návratu do vlasti
  • Smutek
  • Toužba po vlasti
  • Má vlast

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]