Samobor

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Samobor, Hrvatska
City
Grad Samobor
King Tomislav Square
King Tomislav Square
Samobor, Hrvatska is located in Croatia
Samobor, Hrvatska
Samobor, Hrvatska
Location of Samobor within Croatia
Coordinates: 45°48′N 15°43′E / 45.800°N 15.717°E / 45.800; 15.717Coordinates: 45°48′N 15°43′E / 45.800°N 15.717°E / 45.800; 15.717
Country Croatia
County Zagreb County
Free royal city 1242
Settlements 77 settlements
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Krešo Beljak (HSS)
 • City council
 • Electoral district 7th
Area
 • City 250.73 km2 (96.81 sq mi)
Highest elevation 860 m (2,820 ft)
Lowest elevation 127 m (417 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • City 37,633
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
 • Urban 15,956
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 10430
Area code 01
Vehicle registration ZG
Patron saints St. Anne
Website http://www.samobor.hr

Samobor (pronounced [sâmɔ̝bɔ̝ːr]) is a city in Zagreb County, Croatia. It is part of the Zagreb metropolitan area.

Geography[edit]

Samobor is located west of Zagreb, between the eastern slopes of the Samobor hills (Croatian: Samoborsko gorje), the eastern part of Žumberak Mountain, in the Sava River valley.

Administration[edit]

The city government, court, police, health service, and a post office are part of the Samobor infrastructure.

History[edit]

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 60 para stamp issue 1921, with future King Alexander I of Yugoslavia

Samobor has existed as a free royal town[2] since 1242, according to a document of endowment by King Béla IV.

Since the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699, SZAMOBOR was part of the Habsburg Monarchy, Slavonia (Transleithania after the compromise of 1867), and soon after in the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, created when the Kingdom of Slavonia and the Kingdom of Croatia were merged in 1868.

Economy[edit]

One of the chief industries in Samobor is crystal cutting, acclaimed in Europe and all over the world.

Notable natives[edit]

Many well-known Croats were born or lived in Samobor. Such notable personalities are:

Population[edit]

In the 2011 Croatian census, the total population of the administrative territory of Samobor was 37 633, distributed in the following settlements:[1]

Historical populations
of Samobor
Year Pop.   ±%  
1880 16,548 —    
1890 18,607 +12.4%
1900 18,783 +0.9%
1910 20,275 +7.9%
1921 19,806 −2.3%
1931 21,953 +10.8%
1948 23,821 +8.5%
1953 25,451 +6.8%
1961 27,103 +6.5%
1971 28,469 +5.0%
1981 32,887 +15.5%
1991 35,017 +6.5%
2001 36,206 +3.4%
2011 37,633 +3.9%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005

Monuments and sightseeings[edit]

Church of Saint Anastazia
Trg Kralja Tomislava
Ruins of the Samobor castle

Samobor is one of the earliest tourist resorts in the region, with the first tourist facilities dating back to 1810, catering to anglers, hunters and hikers. The town's beautiful surroundings and vicinity to the capital have supported this tourist tradition to the present day. In 1846, Samobor was paid a visit by the composer Franz Liszt, who at that time was visiting Zagreb during one of his numerous concert tours. Liszt came to Samobor to see his friend Ferdo Livadić, in his lodgings at the Livadić mansion, which is today the town museum. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Livadić mansion came under the ownership of a Jewish family named Daničić. They were forced to leave as a result of the Nazi invasion in 1941. Shortly after this, the mansion was confiscated by the newly formed Independent State of Croatia and never returned to the Daničić family.

  • On Tepec hill, only 10 minutes walk from the city centre, there are still-visible remains of the Samobor Castle fortress built in 13th century.

Education[edit]

There are two elementary schools and one high school in Samobor:

and the Srednja strukovna škola Samobor - with technical studies, hairdressing, etc.

There is also a music academy - Glazbena škola Ferdo Livadić.

Sport[edit]

The local football club is NK Samobor, who play in the Treća HNL. The local woman handball club is ŽRK Samobo, who play in the Prva HRL

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Samobor is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011" (HTML). Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-05. 
  2. ^ Treasures of Yugoslavia states "granted free trading rights before 1242".

External links[edit]