Samobor Castle

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Samobor Castle
Stari grad Samobor
Samobor, Croatia
SamoborCastleRuins Croatia.jpg
Ruins of the Samobor castle
Samobor Castle is located in Croatia
Samobor Castle
Samobor Castle
Coordinates 45° 80′ 0″ N, 15° 72′ 0″ E
Type gothic castle
Code HR
Site information
Owner Municipality of town Samobor
Open to
the public
from 19th century
Condition in ruins
Site history
Built between 1260 and 1264 (between 1260 and 1264)
In use 13th–18th century
Materials stone
Demolished 19th century

Samobor Castle is now a ruin on the hill Tepec in the town of Samobor in Croatia. It lies only a 10-minute walk from the city centre, there are still visible remains of the moat, the massive entrance and most of the walls.

History of Samobor Castle[edit]

The first fort on this site, on a hill above the intersection of then important routes in the northwestern corner of the Sava valley above the medieval market town of Samobor, was erected by supporters of the Czech king Ottokar II of Bohemia between 1260 and 1264, who was than at war with Hungarian king Stephen V.[1] Croatian-Hungarian forces of knez of Okić near the Samobor soon retook the castle and knez of Okić was granted city of Samobor and also the privilege to collect taxes.

It was a stone fortress built on solid rock - in an irregular and indented layout, which consists three parts, of which the central core -is the oldest. In the southeastern part of the core is the high guard tower (today in ruins), the only remaining original part of Ottokar castle. With this tower lies a semicircular tower with a small gothic chapel of St. Ana from the third decade of 16th century.

Layout of Samobor Castle

In the third decade of the 16th century begins castle reshaping and gradually expanding core to the north - an elongated trapezoidal courtyard surrounded by a strong defensive wall with a pentagonal tower on the battery ends. Through the 17th and 18th century, the castle was upgraded and reconstructed,[2] as the last in the city was built three storey house with its southern side. In its upper part forms a courtyard whose facades with two sides articulated porches with Tuscan columns, and the interior is rich with equipment, so that the castle lost its fortification function and gradually turns into a countryside baroque styled castle. Last residents leave the castle at the end of the 18th century,[1] and then begins to decline from that stone building.

Rulers and owners of the Samobor Castle[edit]

The probable appearance of the Samobor Castle (late 18th century) 3D reconstruction

The first known rulers were feudal family Babonić,[1] then with Samobor Castle manages the Hungarian-Croatian kings, and in the 15th century became the property of the Counts of Celje. At the beginning of 15th century Castle comes into possession to feudal family Frankopan.[1] Then the castle changed many owners, Counts; Tržac, Tahy, Auersperg, Kiepach, the last owner of the castle who lived in it were Counts from house Erdödy-Kulmer. Municipality of town Samobor bought the castle in 1902. from last owner Montecuccoli and since then the castle and its surroundings serve as a town resort place.

Restoration of the Samobor Castle[edit]

Today the Samobor Castle is just picturesque ruin on the hill above the small creek Vugrinščak in Samobor. There is a project to renovate the Samobor Castle, but so far has been done just rehabilitation of the chapel walls, in restoration is used stone found in the ruined parts, cement and slaked lime.[3]

References[edit]

External links[edit]