Samokov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Samokov
Самоков
Samokov Historical Museum with the statue of Zahari Zograf
Samokov Historical Museum with the statue of Zahari Zograf
Coat of arms of Samokov
Coat of arms
Samokov is located in Bulgaria
Samokov
Samokov
Location of Samokov
Coordinates: 42°20′N 23°33′E / 42.333°N 23.550°E / 42.333; 23.550Coordinates: 42°20′N 23°33′E / 42.333°N 23.550°E / 42.333; 23.550
Country Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Sofia
Government
 • Mayor Angel Nikolov
Area
 • Total 128.982 km2 (49.800 sq mi)
Elevation 1,029 m (3,376 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 28,150
 • Density 220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 2000
Area code(s) 0722
Website http://www.samokov.net/

Samokov (Bulgarian: Самоков) is a town in Sofia Province in the southwest of Bulgaria. It is situated in a basin between the mountains Rila and Vitosha, 55 kilometres from the capital Sofia. Due to the suitable winter sports conditions, Samokov, together with the nearby resort Borovets, is a major tourist centre.

In the past, Samokov was a centre of handicrafts and art, with notable figures like Zahari Zograf, Hristo Dimitrov and Nikola Obrazopisov. The town's name is a compound word of "samo" and "kov", respectively meaning "self" and the root of the verb "forge, hammer", and comes from the samokov, a mechanical forge powered by water, since the town of Samokov was a major iron producing centre during the Middle Ages.

History[edit]

It is thought that Samokov was founded in the 14th century as a mining settlement with the assistance of "Saxon" miners. It was first mentioned in 1455 and in Ottoman registers of 1477 as Vlaychov Samokov. In the 16th and 17th centuries, it grew into the greatest iron extraction centre in the region, with western travellers describing it as 'a fairly large city'. In 1565-1566, Samokov had to produce and deliver to Belgrade 20,000 horseshoes and 30,000 nails. Samokov also produced anchors and other materials for the shipyards of the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, particularly Pomorie. As the logging industry was also well developed, in 1573 the people of Samokov had to deliver 300 beams as far as Mecca.[2]

Sports[edit]

Bulgaria's only ski jumping hill is located in Samokov. It's a fairly small hill, K-40 metres where you can jump down to 45 metres. The hill is very old and needs to be renovated. A large modern sports arena was opened on 8 March 2008. Basketball, volleyball, boxing, wrestling and judo. It cost 16 million lev. There is also a skiing centre in Samokov for Cross Country skiing, a small alpine hill and a snowboard park.

Climate[edit]

Samokov has a humid continental climate - cold, long winters, and not too hot summers. The city is located at an altitude of 1029 metres. The average annual temperature is around 9 C.

Climate data for Samokov, Bulgaria(1926-1970)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
18
(64)
27.4
(81.3)
26.4
(79.5)
30.4
(86.7)
32.8
(91)
34.4
(93.9)
36.8
(98.2)
34.5
(94.1)
30
(86)
25
(77)
18
(64)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
3.4
(38.1)
7.5
(45.5)
14.4
(57.9)
19.5
(67.1)
21.9
(71.4)
25.1
(77.2)
25.3
(77.5)
20.5
(68.9)
14.8
(58.6)
8.4
(47.1)
3.2
(37.8)
13.9
(57)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−1.1
(30)
2.7
(36.9)
8.3
(46.9)
13.6
(56.5)
16.3
(61.3)
18.4
(65.1)
18.3
(64.9)
14.4
(57.9)
9.5
(49.1)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
8.5
(47.3)
Average low °C (°F) −6.3
(20.7)
−5.4
(22.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.1
(35.8)
7.7
(45.9)
10.6
(51.1)
11.6
(52.9)
11.3
(52.3)
8.3
(46.9)
4.2
(39.6)
0.1
(32.2)
−4.3
(24.3)
3.2
(37.8)
Record low °C (°F) −28
(−18)
−24
(−11)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−10.4
(13.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.4
(32.7)
2.9
(37.2)
0.8
(33.4)
−4.7
(23.5)
−7.4
(18.7)
−14.7
(5.5)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−28
(−18)
Precipitation mm (inches) 45
(1.77)
37
(1.46)
43
(1.69)
61
(2.4)
82
(3.23)
89
(3.5)
67
(2.64)
46
(1.81)
48
(1.89)
52
(2.05)
52
(2.05)
48
(1.89)
670
(26.38)
Source #1: Stringmeteo.com[3]
Source #2: Meteo.BG[4]
Селско хоро от Самоковска околия; painting by Nikola Obrazopisov

Honour[edit]

Samokov Knoll on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Samokov.

Notable persons[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Untitled". Grao.bg. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  2. ^ Karloukovski, Vassil. "Е. Грозданова, Ст. Андреев - Българите през XVI век - 4". Promacedonia.org. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  3. ^ "Climatic data for selected stations Bulgarian (1961-1990., "Monthly Bulletin of NIMH")". Stringmeteo.com. Retrieved February 21, 2012. 
  4. ^ "National Institute of Meteorology and Biology". Meteo.bg. Retrieved 2012-10-30.