Sampson-class destroyer

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USS Sampson DD-63.jpg
USS Sampson (DD-63)
Class overview
Name: Sampson-class destroyer
Operators:  United States Navy
 United States Coast Guard
Preceded by: Tucker class
Succeeded by: Caldwell class
Built: 1915–17
In commission: 1916–46
Completed: 6
Retired: 6
Preserved: 0
General characteristics
Type: Sampson class destroyer
Displacement: 1,111 tons (normal)
1,225 tons (full load)
Length: 315 ft 3 in (96.1 m)
Beam: 30 ft 7 in (9.3 m)
Draft: 10 ft 9 in (3.3 m)
Propulsion: 4 Yarrow boilers
2 Curtis steam turbines
2 shafts: 17,696 horsepower
Speed: 29.5 knots (55 km/h)
Complement: 99 officers and crew
Armament:

4 × 4"/50 caliber guns (102 mm)
2 × 1 pounder (37 mm) AA guns

12 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes (4 × 3)

The Sampson-class destroyers served in the United States Navy during World War I. Commissioned in 1916 and 1917, the class was a modification of the O'Brien-class and Tucker-class, with the number of 21 inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes increased from four twin-mounts to four triple-mounts. The Sampsons were the final six ships of the 26 "thousand tonner" destroyers. They were the largest and most heavily armed of the "thousand tonners", and the subsequent "flush deck" classes differed mainly in hull design and the engineering plant.

Armament[edit]

While the gun armament was typical for destroyers of this period, the torpedo armament of 12 x 21" torpedo tubes was a significant increase over the preceding Tucker class, replacing four twin mounts with four triple mounts. Both the gun and torpedo armament would remain standard through the mass-production "flush-deck" Wickes and Clemson classes commissioned through 1921. As with the other "thousand tonners", a factor in the size of the torpedo armament was the General Board's decision to use broadside rather than centerline torpedo tubes.[1] This was due to the desire to have some torpedoes remaining after firing a broadside, and problems experienced with centerline mounts on previous classes with torpedoes striking the gunwales of the firing ship.[2] The Mark 8 torpedo was equipped.

This was the first US destroyer class to mount anti-aircraft guns: two 1 pounder (37 mm) autocannons. Anti-submarine (ASW) armament was added during World War I. Typically, a single depth charge track was provided aft, along with a Y-gun depth charge projector.[3]

Engineering[edit]

While the main turbines were direct drive, all of the class were fitted with geared cruising turbines as in the preceding Tuckers, on one shaft in DD-66-68 and on both shafts in the others.[4]

Service[edit]

The Sampson class served in World War I as convoy escorts in the Atlantic. Wilkes and Shaw served in the United States Coast Guard as part of the Rum Patrol 1926-34. While the other ships of the Sampson class were retired and scrapped 1934-36 to comply with the London Naval Treaty, the USS Allen survived into the 1940s and served through World War II before being decommissioned and scrapped, the only pre-flush-deck destroyer to serve in that war.[5]

Ships in class[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Friedman, p. 24,34
  2. ^ Friedman, p. 24
  3. ^ Friedman, p. 45
  4. ^ Gardiner, p. 123
  5. ^ DestroyerHistory.org Sampson Class page

External links[edit]