Samsat

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Samsat
Samsat is located in Turkey
Samsat
Samsat
Coordinates: 37°34′45″N 38°28′57″E / 37.57917°N 38.48250°E / 37.57917; 38.48250Coordinates: 37°34′45″N 38°28′57″E / 37.57917°N 38.48250°E / 37.57917; 38.48250
Country Turkey
Province Adıyaman
Government
 • Mayor Yusuf Fırat (AKP)
 • Kaymakam Ahmet Dilsiz
Area[1]
 • District 295.40 km2 (114.05 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 4,123
 • District 9,037
 • District density 31/km2 (79/sq mi)
Post code 02800
Website www.samsat.bel.tr

Samsat is a small town in the Adıyaman Province of Turkey, situated on the upper Euphrates river.

Archaeological research on the hill of Şehremuz in Samsat has uncovered relics from the 7000 BC Paleolithic era; the 5000 BC Neolithic, 3000 BC Chalcolithic and 3000 to 1200 BC Bronze Ages. The ancient city of Ḫaḫḫum (Hittite: Ḫaḫḫa) was located nearby; it is recorded as a source of gold for ancient Sumeria.

Samsat (Samosata) was later the walled capital of the Commagene kingdom founded in 69BC, the civilisation that built the statues on top of nearby Mount Nemrut. See Samosata for the ancient history of the town, which remained a regional centre in the Ottoman period.

The old town of Samsat and all its history were flooded behind the Atatürk Dam in 1989. The new town was built beside the new waterline by the government to house the displaced residents.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.