Location in Geneva County and the state of Alabama
|• Total||3.6 sq mi (9.4 km2)|
|• Land||3.6 sq mi (9.4 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||200 ft (61 m)|
|• Density||575.3/sq mi (220.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0153310|
Samson is located at (31.112574, -86.047865).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), of which, 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) of it is land and 0.28% is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,071 people, 894 households, and 575 families residing in the city. The population density was 572.1 people per square mile (220.9/km²). There were 1,016 housing units at an average density of 280.7 per square mile (108.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.11% White, 20.42% Black or African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.63% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. 2.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 894 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $18,594, and the median income for a family was $25,188. Males had a median income of $25,767 versus $16,719 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,834. About 29.2% of families and 33.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51.1% of those under age 18 and 32.0% of those age 65 or over.
- Josephine Beale, was Miss Alabama in 1938
- Samson was home to guitarist Roy Brooks from 1971 to 1983.
- Terry Owens, played 11 years for the San Diego Chargers professional football. Graduated from Samson High School in 1962.
- James "J.T." Thomas, Jr., winner of Survivor: Tocantins, is from Samson.
- Mercer Wilson, worked on Manhattan Project which developed the atomic bomb.
- Bill Yates, cartoonist, was born in Samson.
On March 10, 2009, in the Alabama towns of Kinston, Samson and Geneva, Michael McLendon killed ten people and wounded six others in a shooting rampage before committing suicide. In response, troops from nearby Fort Rucker were deployed to the streets of Samson where they manned barricades and guarded a makeshift morgue. This was later determined to be in violation of the Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits federal troops from performing law enforcement actions.