Samta Prasad accompanying sitar player Shahid Parvez Khan
|Birth name||Samta Prasad Mishra|
|Also known as||Gudai Maharaj|
|Born||20 July 1921|
|Origin||Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh|
|Died||1994 (aged 73)|
|Genres||Indian classical music|
Pandit Samta Prasad (20 July 1921 – 1994) was an Indian classical musician and tabla player from the Benares gharana. He played tabla in many Hindi films including, Meri Surat Teri Ankhen (1963) and Sholay (1975), and film music composer Rahul Dev Burman was one of his disciples.
He was the son of Pandit Hari Sunder, also known as Bacha Mishra, his grandfather was Pt. Jagannath Mishra, and his ancestors included Pt. Pratap Maharaj, also known as Gudai Maharaj.
He was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1979, given by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy of Music, Dance & Drama and the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian honour given by Govt. of India in 1991.
Early life and training
Pandit Samta Prasad was born on 20 July 1921, in Kabir chaura, Banaras (Varanasi), Uttar Pradesh into a family steeped in the tradition of tabla and pakhawaj of Benaras gharana, sometimes referred as Poorab baaj school.
His preliminary taalim (training) began with his father, who died when Samta was seven. Thereafter, he took the discipleship of Pt. Bikku Maharaj, himself a disciple of Pt. Baldev Sahai, and began to practise for long hours daily.
Samta Prasad gave his first major performance at the "Allahabad Sangeet Sammelan" in 1942, where he impressed the musicians present there, and soon established himself as an accompanist as well as a soloist.
Throughout his career, he performed in various parts of India, such as Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Lucknow. He also represented the Indian cultural team while abroad, in such places as France, Russia and Edinburgh.
He also played the tabla in Hindi films like, Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baje, Meri Surat Teri Ankhen, Basant Bahar, Asamapta and Sholay. It is believed that music director, S.D. Burman postponed the recording of the song, "Nache mora manwa magan tikta dhighi dhighi" being sung by Mohd. Rafi in the film Meri Surat Teri Aakhen until the arrival of Pandit Samta Prasad from Banaras.
He died in May 1994 in Pune, India. He was on a visit to Pune to conduct a coaching workshop organised by Naad Roop. The workshop was a success, but Panditji's unexpected demise left a permanent scar on the minds of those who attended the workshop.
Awards and recognitions
Amongst his noted disciples are Pandit Bhola Prasad Singh,Patna, Shashanka Bakshi, Nitin Chatterjee, Naba Kumar Panda, Rahul Dev Burman (R.D.Burman), Gurmit Singh Virdee, Partha Sarathi Mukherjee, Satyanarayan Bashisht, and his son, Pandit Kumar Lal Mishra, now a noted tabla player himself.
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- "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2007)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. 30 May 2007.
"1991: 27. Samta Prasad" (Official spelling)
- Kumar, Raj (2003). Essays on Indian music (History and culture series). Discovery Publishing House. p. 200. ISBN 81-7141-719-1.
- Shovana Narayan (6 May 2008). "Pt Kishan Maharaj: End of an era". The Tribune.
- Pandit Samta Prasad Biography
- Massey, Reginald; Jamila Massey (1996). "15. The Musicians". The music of India. Abhinav Publications. p. 160. ISBN 81-7017-332-9.
- "SD Burman: A giant's century". Screen. 23 October 2006.
12. ^ Life history of the Pandit Gudai Maharaj.
- Video links