Samuel Belkin

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Rabbi Dr. Samuel Belkin
Born (1911-12-12)December 12, 1911
Svislach, Russian Empire
Died 1976
New York City
Education PhD, Brown University
Occupation President of Yeshiva University

Rabbi Samuel Belkin (1911–1976) is best known as the second University President of Yeshiva University. A distinguished Torah scholar, he is credited with leading Yeshiva University through a period of substantial expansion.[1]

Biography[edit]

Belkin was born in Svislach, Russian Empire (now Belarus) and studied in the yeshivas of Slonim and Mir. Recognized at a young age as an illui, a genius, he was ordained as a rabbi at the age of seventeen by the famed Yisrael Meir Kagan, the Chofetz Chaim.

As a child, he sought to leave Poland after he witnessed his father being shot by a policeman in 1919.[2] He emigrated to the United States in 1929, studied with Harry Austryn Wolfson at Harvard and received his doctorate (concerned with the writings of Philo) at Brown University in 1935, one of the first awarded for Judaic studies in American academia. In 1940, an elaboration of his Ph.D. thesis was published with the title “Philo and the Oral Law; the Philonic Interpretation of Biblical Law in Relation to the Palestinian Halakah.” [3]

He then joined the faculty of Yeshiva College, New York, where he taught Greek. He became a full professor in 1940 and was appointed dean of its Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary (RIETS) the same year. In 1943, Belkin became president of the college and the seminary and under his guidance the institution expanded to become Yeshiva University in 1945. Belkin was a visionary who transformed YU from a small college and rabbinical seminary into a significant institution of considerable stature not only in Judaic Studies but also in natural and social sciences and the humanities. Under his presidency, the Albert Einstein College of Medicine was opened as YU's medical school.

As a scholar he published many works on Jewish law and Hellenistic literature. His most significant published works are "Philo and the Oral Law" (Cambridge; Harvard University Press, 1940) and "In His Image: The Jewish Philosophy of Man as Expressed in Rabbinic Tradition"(London: Abelard Schuman, 1960).

In his work, “In His Image,” Dr. Belkin describes Judaism as a Democratic Theocracy. A Theocracy because the first principle of Jewish thought describes the Kingship of God. And a Democracy because the Written and the Oral Law emphasize the infinite worth of each human being.[4]

The Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law gives an award to one graduating law student each year in Dr. Belkin's honor. The award recognizes exceptional contribution to the growth and development of the law school. Past recipients of the Dr. Samuel Belkin Award include:

  • Jason Weisz (1986)
  • Frank M. Esposito (1994)
  • Magda M. Jimenez (1995)
  • Vsevolod "Steve" Maskin (2000)
  • Alan Gotthelf (2001)
  • Brandyne S. Warren (2005)
  • Kimberly N. Grant (2007) and
  • Jil Simon (2013)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Belkin, Samuel. In His image; the Jewish philosophy of man as expressed in rabbinic tradition. 290 p London, New York, Abelard-Schuman [1960]
  • Belkin, Samuel. Philo and the oral law; the Philonic interpretation of Biblical law in relation to the Palestinian Halakah. Pp. xiv, 292. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard university press, 1940.
  • Belkin, Samuel. The philosophy of purpose. Pp. 39 p. 3d ed. New York, Yeshiva University, 1958.
  • Belkin, Samuel. Midrash ha-shemot be-Filon. Pp. 61. [New York, 1956]
  • Belkin, Samuel. Essays in traditional Jewish thought. Pp. 191. New York: Philosophical Library [c1956]
  • Belkin, Samuel. Midrash she´elot u-teshuvot `al Bereshit u-Shemot le-Filon ha-Aleksandroni. Pp. 74p. [New York, 1960]
  • Yeshiva University. Inauguration of Rabbi Samuel Belkin, PH.D., as president, Tuesday afternoon, May twenty-third, nineteen hundred and forty-four, at three o'clock, in the Nathan Lamport auditorium. Pp. 57. [Easton, Pa., Printed by Mack printing co., 1945]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Museum of the Jewish People, Samuel Belkin, http://www.bh.org.il/names/POW/Belkin.asp
  2. ^ Samuel Belkin, Rabbi William G. Braude, Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research, Vol. 44, 1977 (1977), pp. xvii-xx in JSTOR, American Academy for Jewish Research
  3. ^ The Jewish Virtual Library, Samuel Belkin
  4. ^ Jewish Virtual Library, Samuel Belkin
Academic offices
Preceded by
Bernard Revel
President of Yeshiva University
1943 – 1976
Succeeded by
Norman Lamm