carte de visite from the mid-1860s.
|Born||September 23, 1807|
|Died||April 1, 1898(aged 90)|
Samuel Davidson (September 1806 – 1 April 1898) was an Irish biblical scholar.
He was educated at the Royal College of Belfast, entered the Presbyterian ministry in 1835, and was appointed professor of biblical criticism at his own college. Becoming a Congregationalist, he accepted in 1842 the chair of biblical criticism, literature and oriental languages at the Lancashire Independent College at Manchester; but he was obliged to resign in 1857, being brought into collision with the college authorities by the publication of an introduction to the Old Testament entitled The Text of the Old Testament, and the Interpretation of the Bible, written for a new edition of Homes Introduction to the Sacred Scripture. Its liberal tendencies caused him to be accused of unsound views, and a most exhaustive report prepared by the Lancashire College committee was followed by numerous pamphlets for and against. After his resignation a fund of £3000 was subscribed as a testimonial by his friends.
Davidson is often mistakenly listed as a member of the Old Testament Revision Committee for the Revised Version of 1881. However, this confusion is due simply to his sharing the same surname as Andrew Bruce Davidson, D. D., Professor of Hebrew, Free Church College, Edinburgh, who in fact was on that committee.
Among his principal works are:
- Sacred Hermeneutics Developed and Applied (1843), rewritten and republished as A Treatise on Biblical Criticism (1852)
- Lectures on Ecclesiastical Polity (1848)
- An Introduction to the New Testament (1848–1851),
- The Hebrew Text of the Old Testament Revised (1855)
- Introduction to the Old Testament (1862)
- On a Fresh Revision of the Old Testament (1873)
- The Canon of the Bible (1877)
- The Doctrine of Last Things in the New Testament (1883)
- Chisholm 1911.
- "Pericope De Adulterae – textual analysis site with biography and criticism of Davidson's work". Archived from the original on 9 December 2008. Retrieved 18 May 2008.
- Works by Samuel Davidson at Project Gutenberg
- Autobiography and Diary of Samuel Davidson (1899) at the Internet Archive.