Samuel Hulse

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Sir Samuel Hulse
Portrait of Sir Samuel Hulse-detail.jpg
Sir Samuel Hulse
Born 27 March 1746
Died 1 January 1837 (aged 89)
Royal Hospital Chelsea, London
Buried at Wilmington, Kent
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1761 – 1837
Rank Field Marshal
Battles/wars Gordon Riots
Flanders Campaign
Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order
The Battle of Famars in 1793 at which Hulse commanded the 1st Battalion of the Grenadier Guards

Field Marshal Sir Samuel Hulse, GCH (27 March 1746 – 1 January 1837) was a British Army officer. He saw his first active duty during the Gordon Riots in June 1780 before commanding the 1st Battalion of the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards at key battles of the Flanders Campaign during the French Revolutionary Wars. He also commanded the 1st Guards Brigade at a later battle and then joined the retreat into Germany during the closing stages of the Flanders Campaign. He later took part in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland and then returned to England to become General Officer Commanding South East District. After completing active service in the Army, he served in the household of King George IV.

Military career[edit]

Born the second son of Sir Edward Hulse, 2nd Baronet and Hannah Hulse (née Vanderplank),[1] Samuel Hulse was educated at Eton College[2] and commissioned as an ensign in the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards on 17 December 1761.[3] He was promoted to captain in his regiment on 12 March 1776.[4] He saw his first active duty when he was called out to deal with the Gordon Riots in June 1780.[3] Promoted to colonel in the army on 26 November 1782,[5] he became Treasurer and Receiver-General to the Prince of Wales in January 1787.[6]

Promoted to second major in his regiment on 14 March 1789,[7] and to first major in his regiment of his regiment on 11 August 1792,[8] Hulse commanded the 1st Battalion at the Battle of Famars in May 1793 and at the Siege of Dunkirk in August 1793 during the Flanders Campaign.[3] Promoted to major-general on 18 October 1793,[9] he commanded the 1st Guards Brigade at the Battle of Willems in May 1794 and then joined the retreat into Germany later that year.[10] He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in his regiment on 3 May 1794.[11]

After returning to England in 1795 Hulse was given command of troops in the Brighton area.[10] Promoted to lieutenant general on 9 January 1798,[12] he was sent to Ireland with a brigade of guards at the time of the 1798 rebellion although he was never actually engaged in putting down the rebellion.[10] He took part in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland in August 1799 and then returned to England to become General Officer Commanding South East District with promotion to full general on 25 September 1803.[13]

Hulse went on to be lieutenant-governor of the Royal Hospital Chelsea in 1806 and Master of the Household to the Prince of Wales in August 1812.[14][15] He was appointed a Knight of the Royal Guelphic Order when the Prince ascended to the throne as King George IV in 1820.[10] He also became Governor of the Royal Hospital Chelsea in February 1820[16] and Vice-Chamberlain of the Household of King George IV[17] as well as a member of the Privy Council in May 1827.[18]

Hulse also served as honorary colonel of the 56th Regiment of Foot,[19] of the 19th Regiment of Foot[20] and then of the 62nd Regiment of Foot.[21] He was promoted to field marshal on the occasion of the coronation of King William IV on 22 July 1830.[22] He died at the Royal Hospital Chelsea on 1 January 1837 and was buried in the family vault at St Michael and All Angels Churchyard at Wilmington in Kent.[23]

Family[edit]

Hulse married Charlotte (died 5 February 1842); they had no children.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sir Samuel Hulse". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  2. ^ The United Service Magazine. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Heathcote, p. 182
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 11647. p. 1. 9 March 1776. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12391. p. 1. 23 September 1782. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12820. p. 17. 9 January 1787. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13076. p. 123. 10 March 1789. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13448. p. 622. 7 August 1792. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13582. p. 913. 15 October 1793. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d Heathcote, p. 183
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13651. p. 402. 3 May 1794. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 14080. p. 22. 6 January 1798. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15624. p. 1317. 27 September 1803. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  14. ^ "The household below stairs: Master of the Household 1660-1837, Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (revised): Court Officers, 1660-1837". 2006. p. 402-403. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16632. p. 1579. 11 August 1812. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  16. ^ "Survey of London, volume 11, edited by Walter H. Godfrey (editor)". 1927. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18361. p. 1057. 15 May 1827. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18360. p. 1033. 11 May 1827. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13758. p. 224. 7 March 1795. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13974. p. 75. 24 January 1797. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16381. p. 922. 23 June 1810. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18709. p. 1534. 23 July 1830. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  23. ^ "Sir Samuel Hulse". Find-a-grave. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Heathcote, Tony (1999). The British Field Marshals, 1736–1997: A Biographical Dictionary. Barnsley: Leo Cooper. ISBN 0-85052-696-5. 
Political offices
Preceded by
William Kenrick
Master of the Household
1812–1827
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Beilby Watson
Preceded by
The Marquess of Graham
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
1827–1830
Succeeded by
The Earl of Belfast
Military offices
Preceded by
Hunt Walsh
Colonel of the 56th (the West Essex) Regiment of Foot
1795–1797
Succeeded by
Chapple Norton
Preceded by
David Graeme
Colonel of the 19th (The 1st Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment of Foot
1797–1810
Succeeded by
Sir Hew Dalrymple, Bt
Preceded by
Sir Eyre Coote
Colonel of the 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot
1810–1837
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Wetherall
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir David Dundas
Governor, Royal Hospital Chelsea
1820–1837
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Paget