Samuel J. Tilden House

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Samuel J. Tilden House
C.Vaux - Samuel J.Tilden residence - NY - Albert Levy.jpg
(1872, before being combined and redone by Vaux)
Samuel J. Tilden House is located in New York City
Samuel J. Tilden House
Location 15 Gramercy Park South, Manhattan, New York City, New York
Coordinates: 40°44′15″N 73°59′14″W / 40.73750°N 73.98722°W / 40.73750; -73.98722
Built 1884[2]
Architect Calvert Vaux
Architectural style Gothic Revival
NRHP Reference # 76001251[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 11, 1976[1]
Designated NHL May 11, 1976[3]
Designated NYCL March 15, 1966

The Samuel J. Tilden House was the home of Samuel J. Tilden, former governor of the U.S. state of New York and fierce opponent of the Tweed Ring and Tammany Hall. Originally built in 1845, Tilden lived in the brownstone from 1860 until his death in 1886.[4][5] From 1881 to 1884,[6] Calvert Vaux combined it with the row house next door, also built in 1845, to make the building that now stands,[7] which has been described as "the height of Victorian Gothic in residential architecture" with Italian Renaissance style elements.[8]

Tilden ran for president in 1876, winning the popular vote, but losing the electoral college to Rutherford B. Hayes. This was one of the end points of the Reconstruction. In those tumultuous times, he had both rolling steel doors and a secret escape tunnel.[9]

Since 1906, the house has been occupied by the National Arts Club, a private arts club.

The building was designated a New York City landmark in 1966,[6] and declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976.[3][4][5] It is located in the Gramercy Park Historic District.

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References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5.  pg 206
  3. ^ a b ResourceType=Building "Samuel J. Tilden House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-09-18. 
  4. ^ a b Alexander, Cathy A. (September 1975). "Samuel J. Tilden House" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. National Park Service. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Samuel J. Tilden House" (pdf). Photographs. National Park Service. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  6. ^ a b New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York:John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.86
  7. ^ "Gramercy Park Historic District" at the NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission
  8. ^ "National Arts Club Designation Report" New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (March 15, 1966)
  9. ^ White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5.  p.207

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