Samuel Kipi

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The Honourable
Samuel Kipi
Samuel Kipi (PP-75-1-004).jpg
Royal Governor of Hawaii
In office
March 2, 1874 – March 11, 1879
Monarch Kalākaua
Preceded by Keʻelikōlani
Succeeded by Likelike
Personal details
Born (1825-05-04)May 4, 1825
Hilo, Hawaii
Died March 11, 1879(1879-03-11) (aged 53)
Hilo, Hawaii
Nationality Kingdom of Hawaii
Spouse(s) Nihoa Kipi
Children Moses Kipi
Hattie Kipi De Fries
Kahue Kipi
others
Occupation Politician

Samuel Kipi (1825 – 1879) was a politician and statesman in the Kingdom of Hawaii who served as Royal Governor of the island Hawaii from 1874 to 1879.

Life and career[edit]

Kipi was born May 9, 1825 at Hilo, Hawaii, although his gravestone state he was born in 1829 instead.[1][2] In 1853, he entered the service of the Hawaiian government as a member of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the Hawaiian legislature. Kipi would serve as a representative from 1853 to 1874.[3][4] Kipi also served many other positions being appointed Land Appraiser for the island of Hawaii in August 22, 1873 and Boundary Commissioner for the 4th Judicial Circuit in October 29, 1878. On April 15, 1878, he was elevated to the position of a member of the House of Nobles, the upper house of the legislature traditionally reserved for the chiefs [5]

On March 2, 1874, he was appointed by the newly elected King Kalākaua as Governor of Hawaii Island, replacing Princess Keʻelikōlani, representative of the Kamehameha dynasty, as the administrative head of the island.[3] On April 3, 1874, Governor Kipi greeted Kalākaua, his wife Queen Kapiolani and other members of the royal party, while they were in Hilo on their royal tour around the kingdom. The King was welcomed by the burning of the kukui torches at the midday, which the new dynasty had adopted as its symbol. The King addressed the large crowd assembled, saying, "these people of the Big Island are among my most beloved children, being of the land of my ancestors," which prompted, Governor Kipi to state, "We give our full hearts unto you, O Chief."[6][7][8] Kipi was considered "highly esteemed, and [a man] who commanded the respect of the foreign community as well as from his own people."[2] In 1876, Max Buchner, a German physician and ethnographer, met Princess Keʻelikōlani along with Governor Kipi, whom he described as "an extremely worthy and proper-looking sturdy old gentleman in impeccable European clothing." On their trip back to Hilo from Honolulu, Buchner found it strange that the Governor didn't dine at the table with him, below deck, but chose instead to sit "above on the deck with the princess and chomped away at raw fish and poi."[9]

Death and family[edit]

After a short illness, Governor Kipi died in office on March 11, 1879. There is a disagreement on his date of the death but his gravestone give it as March 11.[2][10] The late governor was buried at the Homelani Memorial Park and Cemetery (known as the Halai Hill Cemetery at the time).[1] His death announcement in the Honolulu newspaper Hawaiian Gazette read:

On the 13th, of the present month Governor Kipi breathed his last, at Hilo, Hawaii, after a brief illness of but a few hours. The late Governor Kipi was one of a class of native men who was born a gentleman, and who maintained a blameless life, so far as we can ascertain from those who knew him. He was at his death Governor of the Island of Hawaii, in which position he conducted himself honorably and well. He was also at different periods a member ot the House of Representatives, in which capacity he also distinguished himself for uprightness and a manly course of conduct. He was about 52 years of age when he died, but looked much older than that, if one was to judge from the color of his hair, which was actually white. He was tall, slender, and well fashioned in body; had a pleasant expression of countenance, in which was mingled amiability and benevolence; whilst in manner and bearing he carried about with him the air of a genuine gentleman. The death of such men as the late Governor Kipi is a real loss to the Kingdom and the race of which be was an honored representative. Peace to his ashes.[10]

On March 29, Princess Likelike was appointed to succeed him as the Royal Governor of Hawaii.[11][12]

Samuel Kipi had married his wife Nihoa on September 26, 1849 at Piihonua, Hawaii.[13] Kipi and Nihoa had a large family with many children.[14][15] After his dearth, due to his great honesty, fidelity and service to the Kingdom of Hawaii under five consecutive monarchs from Kamehameha III to Kalākaua, his widow Nihoa Kipi was given a pension of three hundred dollars per annum from the Public Treasury by the King in July 21, 1882 in order to provide for the large family of children.[14][16] Nihoa passed away in Hilo on either the 10th or 15th of April 1885. The editor of The Hawaiian Gazette commented, "The old time natives are fast fading away; one by one they go." He also noted that "she was allied to the old lines of the chiefs."[17][18][19] One of his sons was named Moses K. Kipi, who served as luna or supervisor at the Wainaku plantation; he died of heart failure on July 3, 1898, around the age of fifty.[20][21] He is buried with his father at the Homelani Memorial Park and Cemetery.[1] Two daughters are known, one named Kahue Kipi and the other was Hattie Kawaianui Kamakao Kaopua Kipi (1864–1913), who married John H. De Fries of Puuloa, Oahu.[22][23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Samuel Kipi". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Untitled". The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. March 22, 1879. 
  3. ^ a b "Kipi, Samuel office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved February 21, 2012. 
  4. ^ Osorio 2002, p. 109.
  5. ^ Osorio 2002, p. 2.
  6. ^ Mellen 1958, p. 27.
  7. ^ Zambucka 2003, p. 20.
  8. ^ "The Royal Progress Through the Hawaiian Kingdom". The Hawaiian Gazette. April 29, 1874. 
  9. ^ Buchner 1878, p. 346.
  10. ^ a b "Notes of the Week". The Hawaiian Gazette. March 19, 1879. 
  11. ^ Kaeo & Queen Emma 1976, p. 214-215.
  12. ^ "Wednesday, April 2, 1879". The Hawaiian Gazette. April 2, 1879. 
  13. ^ Hawaiʻi State Archives (2006). "Nihoa - Kipi (k) marriage record". Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library. Retrieved June 5, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b Hawaii 1882, p. 663.
  15. ^ Liliuokalani 2007, p. 74.
  16. ^ "Legislative Assembly: Order of the Day". The Hawaiian Gazette. June 7, 1882. 
  17. ^ "The Gazette's Hilo Letter". The Hawaiian Gazette. April 22, 1885. 
  18. ^ "Local & General News". The Daily Bulletin. April 20, 1885. 
  19. ^ "Local and General". The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. April 20, 1885. 
  20. ^ Kaeo & Queen Emma 1976, p. 288.
  21. ^ "Death of Moses Kipi". The Hawaiian Star. July 9, 1898. 
  22. ^ "Samuel Kipi (deceased)". Geni.com. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Local and General". The Honolulu Star-Bulletin. June 5, 1913. 

Bibliography[edit]

Preceded by
Keʻelikōlani
Royal Governor of Hawaii
1874–1879
Succeeded by
Likelike