Samuel Krauss (Ukk, February 18, 1866 - Cambridge, June 4, 1948) was professor at the Jewish Teachers' Seminary, Budapest, 1894–1906, and at the Jewish Theological Seminary, Vienna, 1906-1938. He came to England as a refugee and spent his last years at Cambridge.
"Professor Krauss's scholarship encompassed every area of ancient Judaism." In 1910, he became a pioneer in Talmudicarchaeology with the publication of Talmudische Archäologie, which was reprinted in Hebrew in 1924. As of 1998, his 1922 study of the ancient synagogue, Synagogale Altertümer, was still considered essential reading on the topic.
In 1935 he published a comprehensive and detailed study of Biblical names of ninety eight then modern nations.