Samuel Laing (science writer)

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"The infant Samuel"
Laing as caricatured by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, August 1873

Samuel Laing, (12 December 1812 – 6 August 1897), was a British railway administrator, politician, and influential writer on science and religion during the Victorian era.

He was born at Edinburgh on 12 December 1810. He was the nephew of Malcolm Laing, the historian of Scotland; and his father, also called Samuel Laing (1780–1868), was a well-known author, whose books on Norway and Sweden attracted much attention. Samuel Laing the younger entered St John's College, Cambridge in 1827, and after graduating as Second Wrangler and Smith's Prizeman, was elected a fellow.[1] He remained at Cambridge temporarily as a coach, before being called to the bar in 1837, and becoming private secretary to Henry Labouchere, later 1st Baron Taunton, who was then the President of the Board of Trade.

Business and political career[edit]

In 1842 he was made secretary to the railway department, and retained this post until 1847. He had by then become an authority on railways, and had been a member of the Dalhousie Railway Commission; it was at his suggestion that the "parliamentary" rate of a penny a mile was instituted. In 1848 he was appointed chairman and managing director of the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR), and his business acumen showed itself in the largely increased prosperity of the line. He also became chairman (1852) of the Crystal Palace Company, but retired from both posts in 1855.

In 1852 he was elected to Parliament as a Liberal Party candidate in Wick Burghs. After losing his seat in 1857, he was re-elected in 1859, and appointed Financial Secretary to the Treasury; in 1860 he was made finance minister in India. On returning from India, he was re-elected to parliament for Wick in 1865. He was defeated in 1868, but in 1873 he was returned for Orkney and Shetland, and retained his seat till 1885. Meanwhile he had been reappointed chairman of the Brighton line in 1867, which was now on the point of bankruptcy following the over-ambitious expansion plans of the previous chairman. He continued in that post until 1896, and gradually restored the company to financial health.[2] He was also chairman of the Railway Debenture Trust and the Railway Share Trust.

Although often claimed to have been the father of the novelist Mary Eliza Kennard (1850–1936),[3] this is incorrect.[4]

Writing career[edit]

In later life he became well known as an author, his Modern Science and Modern Thought (1885), Problems of the Future (1889) and Human Origins (1892) being widely read, not only by reason of the writer's influential position, experience of affairs and clear style, but also through their popular and at the same time well-informed treatment of the scientific problems of the day. Laing's attitude was generally positive towards new developments in science, and he offered an optimistic vision of progressive modernity.

He also wrote on religion. His book A Modern Zoroastrian argued that the ancient religion of Zoroastrianism was more consistent with modern scientific thought than was traditional Christianity. He argued that the "all pervading principle of polarity" that was central Zoroastrian thought has been confirmed by science, and that modern Christianity should abandon its traditional theology to centre on the figure of Jesus as an ideal of humanity.

Laing died at Sydenham on 6 August 1897.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Laing, Samuel (LN827S)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ Searle, David. "LB&SCR Chairman". LB&SCR Online. Retrieved 25 April 2009. 
  3. ^ Kennard, Mrs Edward: Mary Eliza Laing, OxfordReference.com, retrieved 22 February 2014
  4. ^ Virginia Blain, Patricia Clements, Isobel Grundy, The Feminist Companion to Literature in English (1990), p. 606: "Kennard, Mary Eliza (Faber), 'Mrs Edward Kennard', d. 1936, sporting novelist, da. of Mary (Beckett) and Charles Wilson F. (not Samuel Laing, as sometimes claimed) of Northaw, Herts."

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Loch
Member of Parliament for Wick Burghs
18521857
Succeeded by
Lord John Hay
Preceded by
Lord John Hay
Member of Parliament for Wick Burghs
1859–1860
Succeeded by
Viscount Bury
Preceded by
Viscount Bury
Member of Parliament for Wick Burghs
18651868
Succeeded by
George Loch
Preceded by
Frederick Dundas
Member of Parliament for Orkney and Shetland
1873–1885
Succeeded by
Leonard Lyell
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Stafford Northcote
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1859–1860
Succeeded by
Frederick Peel
Business positions
Preceded by
Charles Pascoe Grenfell
Chairman of the Board of Directors of the
London, Brighton and South Coast Railway

1848–1855
Succeeded by
Leo Schuster
Preceded by
Col. Walter Barttelot, MP
Chairman of the Board of Directors of the
London, Brighton and South Coast Railway

1867–1896
Succeeded by
Lord Cottesloe

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Loch
Member of Parliament for Wick Burghs
18521857
Succeeded by
Lord John Hay
Preceded by
Lord John Hay
Member of Parliament for Wick Burghs
1859–1860
Succeeded by
Viscount Bury
Preceded by
Viscount Bury
Member of Parliament for Wick Burghs
18651868
Succeeded by
George Loch
Preceded by
Frederick Dundas
Member of Parliament for Orkney and Shetland
1873–1885
Succeeded by
Leonard Lyell
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Stafford Northcote
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1859–1860
Succeeded by
Frederick Peel
Business positions
Preceded by
Charles Pascoe Grenfell
Chairman of the Board of Directors of the
London, Brighton and South Coast Railway

1848–1855
Succeeded by
Leo Schuster
Preceded by
Col. Walter Barttelot, MP
Chairman of the Board of Directors of the
London, Brighton and South Coast Railway

1867–1896
Succeeded by
Lord Cottesloe