Samuel Longfellow

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Samuel Longfellow
Samuel Longfellow.jpg
Born June 18, 1819
Portland, Maine, USA
Died October 3, 1892
Cape Elizabeth, Maine, USA
Resting place
Western Cemetery, Portland, Maine, USA
Nationality American
Education Harvard College, Harvard Divinity School
Occupation Clergyman and hymn writer
Religion Unitarian
Parents
Relatives Brother of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Samuel Longfellow (1819–1892) was an American clergyman and hymn writer.

Biography[edit]

Samuel Longfellow was born June 18, 1819, in Portland, Maine, the last of eight children of Stephen and Zilpah (Wadsworth) Longfellow.[1] His older brother was the poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. He attended Harvard College and graduated in 1839 ranked eighth in a class of 61.[2] He went on to study at Harvard Divinity School, where his classmates included Thomas Wentworth Higginson and Samuel Johnson, with whom he would later collaborate in his hymn writing.

He is considered part of the second-generation of transcendentalists;[3] after becoming a Unitarian pastor, he adapted the transcendental philosophy he had encountered in divinity school into his hymns and sermons.

Longfellow served as a pastor in Fall River, Massachusetts (1848), Brooklyn's Second Unitarian Church (1853), and Germantown, Pennsylvania (1860). After his older brother's death, Longfellow published a two-volume biography of him in 1886.[4] He wrote the book while living at his brother's former home, Craigie House in Cambridge, Massachusetts.[5]

His other publications include Final Memories of H. W. Longfellow (1887), Vespers (1859), A Book of Hymns and Tunes (1860, revised 1876) and, with Samuel Johnson, he edited A Book of Hmyns for Public and Private Devotion (1846) and Hymns of the Spirit (1864).[5] Longfellow died in 1892 and is buried in Western Cemetery in Portland's West End.

Selected bibliography[edit]

  • A Book of Hymns for Public and Private Devotion, 1846, edited with Samuel Johnson. The collection was enlarged and revised in 1860.
  • Thalatta: a Book for the Seaside, with Thomas W. Higginson, 1853
  • Vespers, 1859
  • The Poem of Niagata, 1861
  • Hymns of the Spirit, 1864 (jointly edited with Samuel Johnson)
  • The Life of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1886
  • Memoir and Letters, 1894

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abdo, Joseph C. The Quiet Radical: The Biography of Samuel Longfellow. Lisbon, Portugal: Tenth Island Editions, 2008: 24. ISBN 9789729985829
  2. ^ Abdo, Joseph C. The Quiet Radical: The Biography of Samuel Longfellow. Lisbon, Portugal: Tenth Island Editions, 2008: 56. ISBN 9789729985829
  3. ^ Gura, Philip F. American Transcendentalism: A History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2007: 8. ISBN 0-8090-3477-8
  4. ^ Wayne, Tiffany. Encyclopedia of Transcendentalism. New York: Facts on File, 2006: 169. ISBN 0-5160-5626-9
  5. ^ a b McKim, LindaJo H. The Presbyterian Hymnal Companion. Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1993: 228. ISBN 0-664-25180-3

External links[edit]