Samuel Maclure

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Samuel Maclure
Born 1860
Sapperton, New Westminster, British Columbia
Died 1929
Nationality Canadian
Alma mater Spring Garden Institute, Philadelphia
Projects 450 commissions

Samuel Maclure (1860–1929) was a Canadian architect in British Columbia, Canada from 1890 to 1920. He was born in Sapperton, New Westminster, British Columbia on 11 April 1860. He studied painting at the Spring Garden Institute, Philadelphia, PA from 1884-5. He was a self-taught architect. He married Margaret Catherine (Daisy) Simpson, an accomplished pianist and a portrait painter on 10 Aug. 1889.

Career[edit]

In 1889 he formed an architectural partnership in New Westminster, in association with Charles H. Clow and then with Richard P. Sharp. In 1892 Samuel Maclure moved to Victoria. From 1905-1916 he formed an architectural partnership in Vancouver with Cecil Croker Fox. He formed an architectural partnership with John Edmeston Parr in Vancouver, Canada from 1897-1899. Samuel Maclure and his wife Daisy were founding members of the Vancouver Island Arts and Crafts Society in 1909. In 1920 the Vancouver office reopened under Maclure' s former apprentice, Ross A. Lort, who continued the practice after Maclure's death in Victoria, British Columbia on 8 Aug 1929 following a prostate operation

Notable Commissions[edit]

Maclure was responsible for over 450 commissions in British Columbia. His first commission, the Temple building for merchant Robert Ward reflects the Chicago School style. He was known for Tudorbethan architecture, the American Craftsman Style and after 1912 Edwardian classicism. His gardens reflected the aesthetic of the English Arts and Crafts Movement. He was consultant to the Butchart Gardens near Victoria, British Columbia. According to Maclure biographer Janet Bingham, the architect is also known to have created houses in the United States, but only one is extant - Ramsay House in Ellensburg, WA - an Arts & Crafts style bungalow with Tudor finishes that has changed hands only three times since construction finished in 1905.

Name
Heritage Class
Location
Neighbourhood
Description Year Builder or
Architect
Photo Plaque
Aberthau House (previously known as Rear House), intersection of West 2nd Avenue and Trimble Street in Vancouver, British Columbia. This Tudor Revival house was originally a private residence and is now a community centre. 1910–1913, Samuel Maclure, architect Aberthau House
Alexis Martin House Victoria, British Columbia This Tudor Revival house uses the shingle style and half-timber façade treatment. 1905 Samuel Maclure, architect
Nichol House Vancouver, British Columbia This Tudor Revival house uses the shingle style and half-timber façade treatment. 1912-13 Samuel Maclure, architect
Brock House
(Thorley Park)
3875
Point Grey Road in Vancouver, British Columbia.
This Tudor Revival house was originally a private residence and at one time a Royal Canadian Mounted Police detachment. This is now a seniors activity centre, Brock House Society and a restaurant open to the public. Brock House Restaurant stages over 200 weddings per year. For more information see the Society's 2012 publication THORLEY PARK TO BROCK HOUSE: From Family Home to Heritage Landmark, 1912 - 2012 Jo Pleshakov, Editor 1911 Samuel Maclure, architect Brock House.JPG
Chalmers Church 2801 Hemlock This church is in the Tudor Revival style. 1912 Samuel Buttrey Birds, architect Vancouver Chalmers Church.jpg
Gabriola
(Angus Apartments)
1531
Davie Street in Vancouver, British Columbia.
Gabriola, was built for B.T. Rogers, founder of B.C. Sugar Refining Co. This Queen Anne grand mansion, is located in the Vancouver West End. The building became the Angus Apartments in 1925. It became a restaurant, but it is currently vacant. 1901 Samuel Maclure, architect Vancouver Angus Apartments.jpg
Government House Victoria, British Columbia It was destroyed in 1957. 1900-3 Samuel Maclure, architect with Francis Mawson Rattenbury
Hatley Castle Colwood, British Columbia Hatley Park was built as a private residence in the Scottish baronial style for James Dunsmuir. It is now Hatley Park National Historic Site the site of Royal Roads University (formerly the Royal Roads Military College). 1906–1908 Samuel Maclure, architect Hatley Castle BC.jpg
McDowell, Atkins & Watson Company Building 339 West Hastings Street. Vancouver, British Columbia. This building was built for the McDowell, Atkins & Watson Company but is currently the Cambie Hostel. 1899 Samuel Maclure, architect and John Edmeston Parr
Ralph Block 126 West Hastings Street in Vancouver, British Columbia. 1899 Samuel Maclure, architect and John Edmeston Parr
Rosemeade Manor 429 Lampson Street, Victoria, British Columbia
This Tudor Revival manor was originally built for Yorkshire-born realtor and developer Thomas Harry Slater, who brought over artisans from England and Scotland to work on the project.

In the early 1950s the Rosemeade was converted to the Olde English Inn. Faithful replicas of an Elizabethan street, the home of Shakespeare's birthplace and Anne Hathaway's cottage were built on the five acre property.

The Rosemeade Manor is now a boutique hotel and wedding venue called The English Inn.

1906 Samuel Maclure, architect
Temple Building Victoria, British Columbia This building for merchant Robert Ward reflects the Chicago School style. 1893 Samuel Maclure, architect
Thomson Block 300 Cambie Street, Vancouver, British Columbia. 1898 Samuel Maclure, architect and John Edmeston Parr
Tulk House Rosemary
(Order of the Convent of Our Lady of the Cenacle)
3689
Selkirk Street, Vancouver, British Columbia
This Tudor Revival manor was built for whiskey baron & lawyer, Edward Tulk, who name the house after his daughter, Rosemary. It was also home to the Lieutenant Governor of B.C., John William Fordham Johnson. From 1947, the house was owned by the Order of the convent of Our Lady of the Cenacle until 1996, where it was used as a retreat. 1915 Samual Maclure & Cecil Fox, architects Vancouver 3689 Selkirk.jpg
Tulk House - Rosemary.JPG
Biggerstaff Wilson Residence 1770 Rockland Avenue, Victoria, British Columbia W. Biggerstaff Wilson commissioned Maclure to design this Elizabethan Revival manor house. Wilson was a son of William Wilson, one of the founders of W. and J. Wilson Clothiers. He reputedly received a large inheritance from a family friend because he was named after him. In 1901, he founded an ice and cold storage business. Dominated by its large hipped roof, this home is considered to be Maclure's most successful Tudor Revival design. 1905 Samuel Maclure, architect

Legacy[edit]

His paintings are found in the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, and the Maltwood Art Museum and Gallery, University of Victoria. His architectural plans and drawings are held in the University of Victoria Architecture and Special Coll., SC075 (Samuel Maclure fonds).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martin Segger and D. Franklin, The Buildings of Samuel Maclure: In Search of Appropriate Form (1986);
  • J. Bingham, Samuel Maclure, Architect (1985);
  • L.K. Eaton, The Architecture of Samuel Maclure (1971).

External links[edit]