|Sir Samuel McCaughey|
Portrait of Sir Samuel McCaughey
1 July 1835|
|Died||25 July 1919
Yanco, New South Wales
McCaughey came to Australia with an uncle, Charles Wilson, a brother of Sir Samuel Wilson and landed at Melbourne in April 1856. He immediately went to the country and began working as a jackaroo, in three months was appointed an overseer, and two years later became manager of Kewell station while his uncle was on a visit to England.
During the early days of Coonong station McCaughey suffered greatly from drought conditions, but overcame these by sinking bores for artesian water and constructing large tanks and so was a pioneer of water-conservation in Australia.
In 1871 McCaughey was away from Australia for two years on holiday, and on his return did much experimenting in sheep-breeding, at first seeking the strains that could produce the best wool in the Riverina district, and afterwards when the mutton trade developed considering the question from that angle.
In 1880 when Sir Samuel Wilson went to England, McCaughey bought two of his stations, Toorale and Dunlop. McCaughey then owned about 3,000,000 acres (12,000 km²). In 1886 when he again visited the old world he imported a considerable number of Vermont sheep from the United States, and he also introduced fresh strains from Tasmania.
In 1900 McCaughey bought North Yanco and at great cost constructed about 200 miles of channels and irrigated 40,000 acres (160 km²). The success of this scheme is believed to have encouraged the New South Wales government to proceed with the dam at Burrinjuck.
McCaughey had become a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council in 1899, and in 1905 he was made a Knight Bachelor. McCaughey suffered from nephritis and he died from heart failure at Yanco on 25 July 1919 and was buried in the grounds of St John's Presbyterian Church in Narrandera. He never married.
McCaughey was a generous philanthropist, he donated £10,000 to the Dreadnought Fund, £10,000 to Dr Barnardo's Homes, gave liberally to the Red Cross and other war charities besides insuring 500 soldiers at £200 each. After his death, his estate was sworn for probate at over £1,600,000. Apart from bequests of £200,000 and all his motor vehicles to his brother John and legacies to his station managers and employees, he left £10,000 to increase the stipends of Presbyterian clergy, £20,000 to the Burnside Orphan Homes at Parramatta, £20,000 to Scots College in Sydney, £10,000 each to five other independent schools (Newington College, Sydney Church of England Grammar School, Sydney Grammar School, Cranbrook School, Sydney and The King's School, Parramatta), £5000 to the Salvation Army and £5000 each to seven hospitals. Half the residue of his estate went to the Universities of Sydney and Queensland; the other half went to the relief of members of the Australian Military and Naval Expeditionary Forces and their widows and children. His portrait by John Longstaff is in the Great Hall of the University of Sydney.
McCaughey was also an important force in the development of the wool industry.
Yanco Agricultural High School
One of the schools which directly bears his legacy is Yanco Agricultural High School, located near Leeton, New South Wales. This school was founded around a building built by McCaughey to host Queen Victoria during a planned visit to Australia. A life-size portrait of McCaughey is in the entry to this building.
- Peter Hohnen. "McCaughey, Sir Samuel (1835–1919)". Australian Dictionary of Biography – Online Edition. Australian National University. pp. 130–131. Retrieved 27 September 2009.
- Serle, Percival (1949). "McCaughey, Samuel". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 27 September 2009.
- "Sir Samuel MCCAUGHEY (1835–1919)". Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "SIR SAMUEL McCAUGHEY'S WILL.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 – 1931) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 2 August 1919. p. 8. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
- The Sydney Morning Herald, 30 June 1915, 26 July 1919
- The Argus, Melbourne, 26 July 1919
- P. S. Cleary, Australia's Debt to Irish Nation-Builders