Samuel Menashe (September 16, 1925 – August 22, 2011) was an American poet. Born in New York City as Samuel Menashe Weisberg, the son of Russian-Jewish immigrant parents, Menashe grew up in Elmhurst, Queens, and graduated from Townsend Harris High School and Queens College where he majored in biochemistry. During World War II he served in the US Army infantry, and in 1944 fought in the Battle of the Bulge. After the war, he used his GI Bill money to study at the Sorbonne where he received a Ph.D. for the thesis Un essai sur l'expérience poétique (étude introspective) in 1950.
In the 1950s, Menashe returned to New York where, except for frequent sojourns in England and Ireland, he lived most of his life. In 1961, he garnered the blessing of the British poet Kathleen Raine who arranged for his first book, The Many Named Beloved, to be published by Victor Gollancz in London. Menashe's short, intense, spiritual poems, which canvass existential dilemmas and use implication and wordplay as a way of deepening the linguistic force of his words, gained wide renown in Britain from reviewers such as Donald Davie, who became one of Menashe's most committed backers. He was later included in the Penguin Modern Poets series.
Despite much acclaim, Menashe remained marginal on the American poetry scene. He persisted in writing, however, producing several more powerful books culminating in The Niche Narrows in 2000. Prominent poets, critics and editors who have admired Menashe's work include Dana Gioia, Denis Donoghue, Billy Collins, Geordie Greig, and Christopher Ricks.
In 2004 he became the first poet honored with the "Neglected Masters Award" given by Poetry magazine and the Poetry Foundation. The award was also to include a book to be published by the Library of America, which turned out to be a "Selected Poems" edited by Ricks. This volume appeared in 2005 on the occasion of the poet's 80th birthday, and was widely reviewed. A revised edition, with ten additional poems, was published in 2008. Bloodaxe Books in the UK published the volume (which also contained a DVD film about the poet's life and work) in 2009.
Menashe died in his sleep in New York on August 22, 2011.
- The Many Named Beloved (1961)
- No Jerusalem But This (1971)
- Fringe of Fire (1973)
- To Open (1974)
- Collected Poems (1986)
- Penguin Modern Poets, vol. 7 of the 2nd series (1996). Poems by Donald Davie, Samuel Menashe, and Allen Curnow.
- The Niche Narrows (2000)
- New and Selected Poems (2005)
See also List of poems by Samuel Menashe.
- Grimes, William (23 August 2011). "Samuel Menashe, New York Poet of Short Verse, Dies at 85". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- Clive Wilmer (June 27, 2009). "Review: New and Selected Poems by Samuel Menashe | Books". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- "Samuel Menashe". The Economist. 3 September 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- "Poet Samuel Menashe has died". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- Menashe, Samuel (2000), "Giving the Day Its Due" Metre, 7-8: 142. Reprinted as one of the introductory pieces to his New and Selected Poems (Bloodaxe Books, 2009)
- Bloodaxe, Editor. "BLOODAXE BLOGS: Samuel Menashe (1925-2011)". Bloodaxeblogs.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- Davie, Donald (1970). "The Poetry of Samuel Menashe". The Iowa Review 1 (3): 107–114.
- Works by or about Samuel Menashe in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Salamon, Julie (10 October 2003). "A Shoe That Fits: A Bohemian Poet's Life". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- Moran, Daniel Thomas (26 August 2011). "Samuel Menashe obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- NPR : Samuel Menashe: A Poet Gets His Due
- Samuel Menashe - Poetry Archive – Recordings of Menashe reciting a selection of his poetry
- A Visit with Samuel Menashe – Jake Marmer's overview of his personal encounter with the poet for My Jewish Learning blog.
- Share, Don. "Samuel Menashe, 1925-2011: Harriet the Blog". The Poetry Foundation. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- James, Clive. "Samuel Menashe". The Poetry Foundation. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- "Niche Closed", Obituary in the Forward