Samuel Ogle

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Samuel Ogle
Samuel ogle maryland.png
5th Governor of Restored Proprietary Government
In office
1731–1732
Preceded by Benedict Leonard Calvert
Succeeded by Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore
7th Governor of Restored Proprietary Government
In office
1733–1742
Preceded by Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore
Succeeded by Thomas Bladen
9th Governor of Restored Proprietary Government
In office
1746/47–1752
Preceded by Thomas Bladen
Succeeded by Benjamin Tasker, Sr.
Personal details
Born c. 1694
Northumberland, England
Died 3 May 1752(1752-05-03)
Annapolis, Maryland
Spouse(s) Anne Tasker
Residence Belair Mansion, Collington, Maryland,
what is now known as Ogle Hall in Annapolis, Maryland
Profession politician

Samuel Ogle (c. 1694 – 3 May 1752) was the 16th, 18th and 20th Proprietary Governor of Maryland from 1731 to 1732, 1733 to 1742, and 1746/1747 to 1752.

Background[edit]

The Ogle family was quite prominent for many centuries in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England. He was the eldest son of Samuel Ogle (1659–1719), Member of Parliament for Berwick, and commissioner of the revenue for Ireland, by his second wife, Ursula, daughter of Sir Robert Markham, 2nd Baronet, and widow of Altham Annesley, 1st Baron Altham.[1]

Governorship[edit]

Samuel Ogle became a captain of a cavalry regiment in the British Army. Appointed as Provincial Governor of Maryland by Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore on 7 December 1731, he was dispatched to Colonial America in 1732. [2]

Cresap's War[edit]

Main article: Cresap's War

Under Ogle's leadership Maryland quickly became engaged in a border dispute with Pennsylvania.[3] Several settlers were taken prisoners on both sides and Penn sent a committee to Governor Ogle to resolve the situation.[3] Rioting broke out in the disputed territory (now known as Cresap's War) and Ogle appealed to the King George II for resolution.[3]

Faced with this situation, Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore arrived in Maryland and assumed charge of the colony in December 1732.[3] Upon Calvert's arrival, Ogle retired from the governorship[2] for the first time. He would do this twice more. He resumed the governorship in 1733.

The border dispute would not be settled until 1767 when the Mason-Dixon line was recognized as the boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania.[4]

Return to England[edit]

In 1740, Ogle was dispatched to England following England's declaration of war against Spain and left Benjamin Tasker, Sr. with power of attorney and "the task of supervising the construction of a new house at Belair."[5]

In 1741, Ogle married the much younger Anne Tasker (1723–1817), daughter of Benjamin Tasker, Sr. and Anne Bladen.[2]

Belair and Horse Racing[edit]

In 1743, Benjamin Tasker built the Belair Mansion on a 7,000-acre (28 km2) tobacco plantation in Collington, Maryland, now known as Bowie, Maryland on behalf of Ogle. Upon his return to the Province, Ogle founded the "Belair Stud," a stable of thoroughbred horses at Belair that would continue in operation for more than two-hundred years. A lover of his native country's popular sport of thoroughbred horse racing, Ogle is credited with introducing the sport to North America, staging the first English-style race at Annapolis, Maryland in 1745.[5]

Death and legacy[edit]

Samuel Ogle died in 1752 and was interred at St. Anne's Episcopal Church in Annapolis. He and his wife Anne had five children: Anne, Samuel, Benjamin Ogle who became Governor of the State of Maryland, Mary and Mellora.[2]

Samuel Ogle Middle School in Bowie, Maryland was named after him.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ogle, Samuel (1659-1719), of Bowsden, Northumb., History of Parliament Online". Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d Richardson, Hester Dorsey (1903). Side-lights on Maryland History: With Sketches of Early Maryland Families. Baltimore, Maryland: Williams and Wilkins Company. pp. 190–193. ISBN 0-8063-0296-8. 
  3. ^ a b c d Warfield, Joshua Dorsey (July 1905). The Founders of Anne Arundel And Howard Counties, Maryland. Baltimore, Maryland: Kohn & Pollock. p. 208. ISBN 0-8063-7971-5. 
  4. ^ Bayliff, William H. The Maryland-Pennsylvania and the Maryland-Delaware boundaries. Annapolis : Maryland Board of Natural Resources, 1959.
  5. ^ a b Baltz, Shirley Vlasak (1984). A Chronicle of Belair. Bowie, Maryland: Bowie Heritage Committee. pp. 14–19. LCCN 85165028. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Benedict Leonard Calvert
Governor of Maryland
1731–1732
Succeeded by
Charles Calvert
Preceded by
Charles Calvert
Governor of Maryland
1733–1742
Succeeded by
Thomas Bladen
Preceded by
Thomas Bladen
Governor of Maryland
1746/47–1752
Succeeded by
Benjamin Tasker