Samuel Sanders Teulon

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Samuel Sanders Teulon
Born (1812-03-02)2 March 1812
Greenwich, London, England[citation needed]
Died 2 May 1873(1873-05-02) (aged 61)[citation needed]
Tenchleys, 3 The Green, Hampstead, London[citation needed]
Nationality British

Samuel Sanders Teulon (2 March 1812 – 2 May 1873) was a 19th-century English Gothic Revival architect, noted for his use of polychrome brickwork, and the complex planning of his buildings.

Family[edit]

Teulon was born in 1812 in Greenwich in south-east London, the son of a cabinet-maker from a French Huguenot family. His younger brother William Milford Teulon (1823–1900) also became an architect.

Career[edit]

He was articled to George Legg, and later worked as an assistant to the Bermondsey-based architect George Porter. He also studied in the drawing schools of the Royal Academy. He set up his own independent practice in 1838, and in 1840 won the competition to design some almshouses for the Dyers' Company at Ball's Pond, Islington. After this his practice expanded rapidly. During the next few years his works mainly consisted of parish schools, parsonages and similar buildings, mostly in the Home Counties.[1]

He was a friend of George Gilbert Scott and became a member of the Council of the Royal Institute of British Architects on 6 January 1835. Between 1841 and 1842 he undertook a long study tour of continental Europe with Ewan Christian who remained a lifelong friend and became his executor. Also in company during the tour was Horace Jones who was later knighted and became architect to the Corporation of the City of London and Hayter Lewis, later Professor of Architecture at University College, London.[2][3]

He built his first church, the Early English-style St Paul, Bermondsey, in 1846. Soon after this he designed St Stephen, Southwark, a building adapted to its square site by being planned in the form of a Greek cross, with the recessed angles filled in by the tower, vestry, chancel aisles.[1] Another major commission came in 1848 from the 7th Duke of Bedford to design cottages for the Thorney estate.[citation needed] The next year he built Tortworth Court, Gloucestershire, a substantial mansion in a kind of Neo-Tudor style, with a large central tower, for the Earl of Ducie.[1] Amongst his other clients were John Sumner, archbishop of Canterbury, who commissioned Christ Church in Croydon;[1] the Duke of Marlborough, for whom he refitted the chapel at Blenheim Palace in 1857-9;[4] the 10th Duke of St Albans and Prince Albert.

His work included the remodelling of several unfashionable 18th-century churches to suit contemporary tastes. Archibald Tait, the Bishop of London, praised his alterations at St. Mary's, Ealing, as "the transformation of a Georgian monstrosity into the semblance of a Byzantine Basilica".[1]

As well as Gothic Revival churches, he designed several country houses and even complete villages, as he did at Hunstanworth in County Durham in 1863.[5]

Style[edit]

Elvetham Hall

Despite his classical training, Teulon's early designs were mostly in imitation of Tudor and Elizabethan styles, and he soon became an enthusiastic follower of the latest developments of the Gothic Revival.[1] He was an enthusiastic user of Polychrome brickwork.[6] His planning was often elaborate: Henry-Russell Hitchcock called his mansion at Elvetham Park in Hampshire "so complex in its composition and so varied in its detailing that it quite defies description".[7] Some of his later work was, however more restrained: for instance at St Stephen's Church, Rosslyn Hill, Hampstead, (1869–76) the exterior is of purple-brown brick,[8] of subtly varied tones[9] with light stone trimming. The massing of the building is also simpler than in his earlier designs.[8]

Death[edit]

Teulon died at his home in Hampstead on 2 May 1873[1] and was buried in Highgate Cemetery.[10] His great great great nephew, Alan Teulon, published a book on S.S. Teulon in 2009.[11] He was survived by four sons and four daughters.[1]

Works[edit]

Buxton Memorial Fountain in Victoria Tower Gardens, London, designed by S.S. Teulon, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834.
St Margaret's church, Hopton, Norfolk
All Saints church Benhilton, Sutton, Greater London

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Samuel Sanders Teulon, Fellow.". Papers Read at the Royal Institute of British Architects, Session 1872–73. 1873. p. 215–7. 
  2. ^ Brown 1985, pp. 133–134.
  3. ^ Brodie 2001, p. 779.
  4. ^ Crossley, Alan and Elrington, ed. (1990). "Blenheim: Blenheim Palace". A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 12: Wootton Hundred (South) including Woodstock. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Pevsner 1953, p. 172.
  6. ^ Hitchcock1977, p. 250.
  7. ^ Hitchcock1977, p. 256.
  8. ^ a b Hitchcock1977, p. 269.
  9. ^ Eastlake, p. 368.
  10. ^ source: Miscellanea Geneaologica et Heraldica, 4 Series Vol II (1909) as noted in Alan Teulon's The Life and Work of Samuel Sanders Teulon (2009)
  11. ^ http://www.northamptonchron.co.uk/community/nostalgia/famous_ancestor_built_chapel_for_royal_family_1_3288582
  12. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 156.
  13. ^ "Bermondsey, St. Paul". Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  14. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 543.
  15. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 600.
  16. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 304.
  17. ^ a b "Conservation Area Appraisal Sandgate". Shepway District Council. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  18. ^ Janet Cooper (Editor) (2001). "Birch: Churches". A History of the County of Essex: Volume 10: Lexden Hundred (Part) including Dedham, Earls Colne and Wivenhoe. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  19. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 2, p. 389.
  20. ^ Cambridgeshire, p302, (Second edition) By Nikolaus Pevsner
  21. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1973, p. 241.
  22. ^ "Southwark, St Stephen". Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  23. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 286.
  24. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 522.
  25. ^ Pevsner & Wedgwood 1966, p. 165.
  26. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, pp. 52, 53.
  27. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 137.
  28. ^ a b Pevsner 1966, p. 296.
  29. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 857.
  30. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 2, p. 390.
  31. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 126.
  32. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 250.
  33. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 788.
  34. ^ "Lambeth, St Thomas". Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  35. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, pp. 459–460.
  36. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 83.
  37. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 363.
  38. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 701.
  39. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 332.
  40. ^ Pevsner 1954, pp. 421–422.
  41. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 166.
  42. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 570.
  43. ^ Pevsner & Lloyd 1967, pp. 210–211.
  44. ^ a b Pevsner & Lloyd 1967, p. 280.
  45. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (369195)". Images of England. 
  46. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 347.
  47. ^ "St Marks". Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  48. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 2, p. 275.
  49. ^ Pevsner 1951, p. 35.
  50. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 2, p. 274.
  51. ^ http://www.southwark.anglican.org/parishes/024j
  52. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 485.
  53. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 297.
  54. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 243.
  55. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 344.
  56. ^ "Greenwich, St Paul". Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  57. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (227772)". Images of England. 
  58. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (204605)". Images of England. 
  59. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 298.
  60. ^ Pevsner & Lloyd 1967, p. 766.
  61. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 334.
  62. ^ Pevsner 19, p. 149.
  63. ^ Pevsner & Wedgwood 1966, p. 288.
  64. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1964). Buildings of England: Lincolnshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin. p. 343. 
  65. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1964). Buildings of England: Lincolnshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin. p. 343. 

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