Samuel Sanders Teulon

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Samuel Sanders Teulon
Born (1812-03-02)2 March 1812
Greenwich, London, England[citation needed]
Died 2 May 1873(1873-05-02) (aged 61)[citation needed]
Tenchleys, 3 The Green, Hampstead, London[citation needed]
Nationality British

Samuel Sanders Teulon (2 March 1812 – 2 May 1873) was a notable 19th-century English Gothic Revival architect.

Family[edit]

Teulon was born in 1812 in Greenwich in south-east London, the son of a cabinet-maker from a French Huguenot family. His younger brother William Milford Teulon (1823–1900) also became an architect. Teulon died in 1873 and is buried in Highgate Cemetery.[1] His great great great nephew, Alan Teulon, published a book on S.S. Teulon in 2009.[2]

Career[edit]

Teulon attended the Royal Academy Schools, exhibited at the Academy in 1835 and began practice as an architect in 1838. He was a friend of George Gilbert Scott and became a member of the Council of the Royal Institute of British Architects on 6 January 1835. He was an assistant to George Porter and between 1841 and 1842 undertook a long study tour of continental Europe with Ewan Christian who remained a lifelong friend and became his executor. Also in company during the tour was Horace Jones who was later knighted and became architect to the Corporation of the City of London and Hayter Lewis, later Professor of Architecture at University College, London.[3][4]

His first large-scale commission came in 1848 from the 7th Duke of Bedford to design cottages for the Thorney estate. Other clients included the Archbishop of Canterbury,[which?][citation needed] the Duke of Marlborough (for whom he refitted the chapel at Blenheim Palace in 1857-9)[5] the 10th Duke of St Albans and Prince Albert.

He particularly specialised in Gothic Revival churches, but also designed several country houses and even complete villages, as he did at Hunstanworth in County Durham in 1863.[6]

Style[edit]

Elvetham Hall

Teulon was an enthusiastic user of polychromy.[7] His planning was often elaborate: Henry-Russell Hitchcock called his mansion at Elvetham Park in Hampshire "so complex in its composition and so varied in its detailing that it quite defies description".[8]

Some of his later work was more restrained: for instance at St Stephen's Church, Rosslyn Hill, Hampstead, (1869–76) the exterior is of purple-brown brick,[9] of subtly varied tones[10] with light stone trimming. The massing of the building is also simpler than in his earlier designs.[9]

Works[edit]

Buxton Memorial Fountain in Victoria Tower Gardens, London, designed by S.S. Teulon, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834.

References[edit]

  1. ^ source: Miscellanea Geneaologica et Heraldica, 4 Series Vol II (1909) as noted in Alan Teulon's 'The Life and Work of Samuel Sanders Teulon'(2009)
  2. ^ http://www.northamptonchron.co.uk/community/nostalgia/famous_ancestor_built_chapel_for_royal_family_1_3288582
  3. ^ Brown 1985, pp. 133-134.
  4. ^ Brodie 2001, p. 779.
  5. ^ Crossley, Alan and Elrington, ed. (1990). "Blenheim: Blenheim Palace". A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 12: Wootton Hundred (South) including Woodstock. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Pevsner 1953, p. 172.
  7. ^ Hitchcock1977, p. 250.
  8. ^ Hitchcock1977, p. 256.
  9. ^ a b Hitchcock1977, p. 269.
  10. ^ Eastlake, p. 368.
  11. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 156.
  12. ^ "Bermondsey, St. Paul". Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  13. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 543.
  14. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 600.
  15. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 304.
  16. ^ a b "Conservation Area Appraisal Sandgate". Shepway District Council. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  17. ^ Janet Cooper (Editor) (2001). "Birch: Churches". A History of the County of Essex: Volume 10: Lexden Hundred (Part) including Dedham, Earls Colne and Wivenhoe. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  18. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 2, p. 389.
  19. ^ Cambridgeshire, p302, (Second edition) By Nikolaus Pevsner
  20. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1973, p. 241.
  21. ^ "Southwark, St Stephen". Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  22. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 286.
  23. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 522.
  24. ^ Pevsner & Wedgwood 1966, p. 165.
  25. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, pp. 52, 53.
  26. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 137.
  27. ^ a b Pevsner 1966, p. 296.
  28. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 857.
  29. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 2, p. 390.
  30. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 126.
  31. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 250.
  32. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 788.
  33. ^ "Lambeth, St Thomas". Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  34. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, pp. 459–460.
  35. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 83.
  36. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 363.
  37. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 701.
  38. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 332.
  39. ^ Pevsner 1954, pp. 421–422.
  40. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 166.
  41. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 570.
  42. ^ Pevsner & Lloyd 1967, pp. 210–211.
  43. ^ a b Pevsner & Lloyd 1967, p. 280.
  44. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (369195)". Images of England. 
  45. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 347.
  46. ^ "St Marks". Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  47. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 2, p. 275.
  48. ^ Pevsner 1951, p. 35.
  49. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 2, p. 274.
  50. ^ http://www.southwark.anglican.org/parishes/024j
  51. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 485.
  52. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 297.
  53. ^ Nairn & Pevsner 1965, p. 243.
  54. ^ Verey 1970, vol. 1, p. 344.
  55. ^ "Greenwich, St Paul". Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  56. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (227772)". Images of England. 
  57. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (204605)". Images of England. 
  58. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 298.
  59. ^ Pevsner & Lloyd 1967, p. 766.
  60. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 334.
  61. ^ Pevsner 19, p. 149.
  62. ^ Pevsner & Wedgwood 1966, p. 288.

Sources[edit]

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