Samuel Thornton (MP)

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Samuel Thornton
Born (1754-11-06)6 November 1754
Clapham
Died 3 July 1838(1838-07-03) (aged 83)
Brighton[1]
Nationality British
Occupation Politician, abolitionist and Governor of the Bank of England
Religion Anglican
Children Sophia Thornton who married John Leslie-Melville, 9th Earl of Leven
Parents John Thornton

Samuel Thornton (6 November 1754 – 3 July 1838) was one of the sons of John Thornton, a leading merchant in the Russian and Baltic trade, and was a director of the Bank of England for 53 years[1][2] and Governor (1799–1801). He had earlier served as its Deputy Governor.[3] He was Member of Parliament (MP) for Kingston upon Hull (with William Wilberforce in 1784) from 1784 to 1806 and for Surrey from 1807 to 1812. He and was a member of the Committee for the repeal of the Test and Corporation Acts.

As MP for Kingston he was painted by Karl Anton Hickel in the group portrait "William Pitt addressing the House of Commons on the French Declaration of War, 1793" which still hangs at the National Portrait Gallery.[4]

He bought Albury Manor, Albury, Surrey in 1800, and lived there until 1811. He employed the architect Sir John Soane[5] to improve the property.

During the early 19th century Thornton built housing in the hamlet of Weston Street, a mile to the west of Albury, for the resettlement of villagers removed from cottages in Albury Park, as part of the agricultural improvements.

His brothers Henry Thornton and Robert Thornton were also notable men of their time and MPs.[1] all three were members of the Clapham Sect and lived in adjoining houses in Clapham.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Gentlemen's Magazine. London: F. Jefferies. September 1838. p. 326. Retrieved 12 February 2008. 
  2. ^ Macleod, Henry Dunning (1856). The Theory and Practice of Banking. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer. p. 194. Retrieved 12 February 2008. 
  3. ^ "Deputy Governors of the Bank of England". Bank of England. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Nation Portrait Gallery Information - Samuel Thornton". Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  5. ^ "Soane Website". Retrieved 2008-02-12. 
  6. ^ "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography - Clapham Sect". May 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-12. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
David Hartley
William Wilberforce
Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull
1784–1800
With: William Wilberforce to 1784
Walter Spencer Stanhope 1784–1790
Earl of Burford 1790–1796
Sir Charles Turner from 1796
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull
1801 – 1806
With: Sir Charles Turner to 1802
John Staniforth from 1802
Succeeded by
William Joseph Denison
John Staniforth
Preceded by
Lord William Russell
Sir John Frederick
Member of Parliament for Surrey
1807–1812
With: George Holme Sumner
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Sutton
George Holme Sumner
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Sutton
George Holme Sumner
Member of Parliament for Surrey
1807–1812
With: George Holme Sumner
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Sutton
William Joseph Denison
Government offices
Preceded by
Thomas Raikes
Governor of the Bank of England
1799 – 1801
Succeeded by
Job Matthew