Samur River

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Samur (Самыр)
Countries Russia, Azerbaijan
Region Caucasus
District Dagestan, Qusar, Khachmaz
Part of Kura River
 - right Usuxçay
City Samurçay
Source Greater Caucasus
 - location Rutulsky District, Dagestan, Russia
 - elevation 3,648 m (11,969 ft) [1]
 - coordinates 41°36′42″N 47°16′56″E / 41.61167°N 47.28222°E / 41.61167; 47.28222
Mouth Caspian Sea
 - coordinates 41°54′38″N 48°29′1″E / 41.91056°N 48.48361°E / 41.91056; 48.48361Coordinates: 41°54′38″N 48°29′1″E / 41.91056°N 48.48361°E / 41.91056; 48.48361
Length 216 km (134 mi) [1]
Basin 7,330 km2 (2,830 sq mi) [2]
Discharge for downstream into Tahirçay and Uğar rivers of Azerbaijan and finally directly downstream into Caspian Sea
 - average 75 m3/s (2,649 cu ft/s) [1]

Samur (Rutul: Самыр; Lezgian: Самурвацl; Russian: Самур; Azerbaijani: Samurçay) is a river in Russia's Dagestan Republic, partially flowing through Azerbaijan.[3]


Samur river made from glaciers and mountain springs starts in the Greater Caucasus mountains. It originates in the northeastern part of Guton Mount at elevation 3,648 m (11,969 ft). Descending from the mountains for 7 km (4.3 mi), the river receives its tributary Khalakhur River flowing down from an elevation of 3,730 m (12,240 ft).[2][4] The length of the river is 216 km (134 mi), its basin 5,000 km2 (1,900 sq mi). The elevated and midsections of the river from through the territory of Russia, lower sections flow through Azerbaijan making up the Russian-Azerbaijani border. After joining its other tributary Usuxçay River, the width of the river grows. Once the river is in the open Caspian basin, it splits some of its parts into Tahirçay (34 km (21 mi)) and Uğar 28 km (17 mi) rivers on Azerbaijani territory. The river mainly feeds on rain and underground waters with its volume broken up as follows: 42% from rain, 32% from underground waters, 22% from snow, 4% from glaciers.[1] The river supplies irrigation water to Samur-Absheron channel which follows south to Jeyranbatan reservoir.[5]

See also[edit]