Samyukta Electronic Warfare System

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Samyukta is a mobile integrated electronic warfare system. Touted to be the largest Electronic Warfare System in India, it was developed jointly by DRDO, Bharat Electronics Limited, Electronics Corporation of India Limited, Corps of Signals of Indian Army.[1][2] The System is fully mobile and is meant for tactical battlefield use. It covers wide range of frequencies and coverage of Electromagnetic spectrum is handled by the communication segment and the non-communication segment. Its functions include various ELINT, COMINT and Electronic Attack(ECM) activities[3]

Description[edit]

Each System operates on 145 ground mobile vehicles which has three communication and two non-communication segments and can cover an area of 150 km by 70 km. System has capability for surveillance, analysis, interception, Direction finding, and position fixing, listing, prioritising and jamming of all communication and radar signals from HF to MMW.[2][4]

Development[edit]

According to V. K. Aatre, the then Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister[2]

this system will ensure dominance over electro-magnetic spectrum which basically means it will jam enemy surveillance signals and voice and radar signals while ensuring its own signals are not jammed by the enemy. It is described as a force multiplier

Stressing the need of indigenous development in the field of electronic warfare systems, Dr. Abdul Kalam said[5]

The electronic warfare system is a force multiplier system which needs high level of secrecy for maintaining surprise against adversary actions. In such a situation, it is essential that the system design, architecture and deployment knowledge is generated within the country and maintained as a closely guarded information by the services. This is essential to ensuring tactical and strategic advantage for our armed forces during an operation

The development of the system was led by Defence Electronics Research Laboratory, Bharat Electronics Limited, Electronics Corporation of India Limited, Corps of Signals of Indian Army and private companies like CMC and Tata Power Company Ltd. Strategic Electronics Division (TataPowerSED). Around 40 companies also contributed by producing various components indigenously. Dr Aatre said that the challenge was to tackle the Sanctions imposed by United States after 1998 nuclear tests conducted by India which banned the import of advanced electronic components. CMC and TataPowerSED jointly developed Command and Control Software having 10 million lines of code even though project was not attractive commercially.[2][3]

References[edit]

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