San'in Main Line

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Sanin Main Line
Amarube bridge-Kiha189.jpg
Overview
Type Commuter rail line
Locale Kyoto, Hyōgo, Tottori, Shimane and Yamaguchi Prefectures
Termini Kyoto Station
Shimonoseki Station
Stations 159
Operation
Opening 1897
Owner JR West
Operator(s) JR West
JR Freight
Technical
Line length 676.0 km (420.0 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Operating speed 85 km/h (53 mph) - 130 km/h (81 mph)

The Sanin Main Line (山陰本線 San'in-honsen?) is a railway line in western Japan, which connects Kyoto and Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi, operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). It is the major railway line of the San'in region, approximately paralleling the Japan Sea, crossing Kyoto, Hyōgo, Tottori, Shimane, and Yamaguchi prefectures. The main portion from Kyoto to Hatabu is the longest single continuous railway line in Japan at 673.8 km, although no regularly scheduled train operates over the entire line.

The section between Kyoto and Sonobe, connecting Kyoto and its northern suburbs, is a part of JR West's Urban Network and is nicknamed the Sagano Line.

History[edit]

Three different private companies built sections of the line, which were then nationalised and connected by the Japanese Government Railway (JGR).

The Kyoto Railway Co. opened the section to Sonobe between 1897 and 1899. The Bantsuru Railway Co. opened the Ayabe - Fukuchiyama section (as part of the current Maizuru Line) in 1904. Both companies were nationalised in 1907.

The first section opened by the JGR was between Yonaga and Mikuriya in 1902, and the line was then progressively extended eastward, reaching Tottori in 1907 and Iwami in 1908, the same year the current Bantan Line opened to Wadayama and Yoka. Construction of that line continued westward, and the two lines were connected in 1912.

In the meantime the Sonobe - Ayabe section was opened in 1910, and the Fukuchiyama - Wadayama section the following year. In addition, construction from Yonago progressively westward opened to Matsue in 1908 and Izumoshi in 1910, resulting in the a 385km continuous line upon the 1912 connection mentioned above.

At the western end, the Choshu Railway Co. opened the Hatabu - Kogushi section in 1914.

From Izumoshi, construction continued progressively westward, opening to Masuda in 1923, and to Todakobama in 1925, the year that the Choshu Railway Co. was nationalised and the Kogushi - Takibe section opened, with construction then continuing from both directions until the two sections were connected in 1933, completing the current line.

Duplications[edit]

The Yonago - Hoki-Daisen section was duplicated between 1962 and 1966, with the Ayabe - Fukuchiyama section duplicated in 1968/9, and the Tamatsukuri-Onsen - Kimachi section in 1970.

The Matsue - Higashi-Matsue section was duplicated in 1979, and the Yonago - Yasugi section in 1980.

The original Saga-Arashiyama - Umahori section was built on the banks of the Hozugawa in a narrow gorge. A new dual track alignment was opened in 1989, and the original alignment is now operated as the Sagano Scenic Railway. Further duplication occurred in stages, so that the entire Kyoto - Sonobe section was duplicated by 2010.

Electrification[edit]

The Hoki-Daisen - Izumoshi section was electrified in 1982 in conjunction with the electrification of the Hakubi Line.

The Fukuchiyama - Kinosaki section was electirified in 1986 in conjunction with the electrification of the Fukuchiyama Line.

The Sonobe - Fukuchiyama section was electrified in 1985/6, and the Kyoto - Sonobe section in 1990.

Signalling[edit]

CTC signalling was commissioned between Kyoto and Igumi (204km) in 1970/71.

Former connecting lines[edit]

Izushi Railway train
Yamamori station circa 1981
  • Fukuchiyama station - The Hokutan Railway Co. operated a 12km line to Koumori between 1923 and 1971.
  • Ebara station - The Izushi Railway Co. operated an 11km line to its namesake town between 1929 and 1970.
  • Iwami station - The Iwai Prefectural Government operated a 3km 762mm gauge line to Iwai Onsen between 1925 and 1964.
  • Kurayoshi station - In 1912 a 4km line to Kamii opened, and was extended 11km to Sekigane in 1941 and a further 5 km (as a passenger only section) to Yamamori in 1958. Freight services ceaed in 1974 and the line closed in 1985.
  • Izumoshi station -

On the northern side of the station, the 8km Taisha Line opened in 1912, on the opposite bank of the Ogamogawa to the Izumo-Taisha station on the Ichibata Electric Railway line. Freight services ceased in 1974, and the line closed in 1990.

On the southern side, the Taisha Miyajima Railway Co. proposed to build a 92km line to Hiroshima. The 19km line to Izumo Susa opened in 1932, and the planned extension was formally abandoned in 1938. The line closed in 1965 as a result of flood damage.

Basic data[edit]

  • Distances: 676.0 km
  • Operators
  • Track:
    • Double: Kyoto – Sonobe, Ayabe – Fukuchiyama, Hōki-Daisen – Yasugi, Higashi-Matsue – Matsue, Tamatsukuri-Onsen – Kimachi
    • Single: the rest
  • Electric supply:
    • Kyoto - Kinosaki-Onsen, Hōki-Daisen - Nishi-Izumo: 1,500 V DC
  • Railway signalling:
    • Kyoto - Nishi-Izumo: Automatic
    • Nishi-Izumo - Hatabu, including "Senzaki branch line": Special Automatic; a simplified automatic system
  • Maximum speed at service (km/h):
    • Kyoto - Saga-Arashiyama: 120
    • Saga-Arashiyama - Umahori: 130
    • Umahori - Ayabe: 120
    • Ayabe - Fukuchiyama: 130
    • Fukuchiyama - Tottori: 95
    • Tottori - Izumoshi: 120
    • Izumoshi - Masuda: 110
    • Masuda - Hatabu: 95
    • Nagatoshi - Senzaki: 85

Stations[edit]

From Kyoto to Sonobe (Sagano Line)[edit]

See the Sagano Line for stopping patterns.
Stations on this segment
Kyoto - Tambaguchi - Nijo - Emmachi - Hanazono - Uzumasa - Saga-Arashiyama - Hozukyo - Umahori - Kameoka - Namikawa - Chiyokawa - Yagi - Yoshitomi - Sonobe

From Sonobe to Tottori[edit]

Rapid trains are operated as local trains and stop at every station between Sonobe and Fukuchiyama.
Station Distance
(km)
Transfers Location
Sonobe 園部 34.2 (Sagano Line) Nantan Kyoto
Funaoka 船岡 38.2  
Hiyoshi 日吉 41.9  
Shinkyūdaigakumae 鍼灸大学前 44.3  
Goma 胡麻 47.1  
Shimoyama 下山 51.9   Kyōtamba, Funai
Wachi 和知 58.6  
Aseri 安栖里 60.7  
Tachiki 立木 65.5  
Yamaga 山家 69.0   Ayabe
Ayabe 綾部 76.2 Maizuru Line
Takatsu 高津 80.3  
Isa 石原 82.8   Fukuchiyama
Fukuchiyama 福知山 88.5
Kamikawaguchi 上川口 95.2  
Shimo-Yakuno 下夜久野 102.4  
Kami-Yakuno 上夜久野 109.8  
Yanase 梁瀬 115.6   Asago Hyōgo
Wadayama 和田山 119.0 Bantan Line
Yabu 養父 124.2   Yabu
Yōka 八鹿 131.2  
Ebara 江原 138.7   Toyooka
Kokufu 国府 142.4  
Toyooka 豊岡 148.4 KTR: Miyazu Line
Gembudō 玄武洞 153.7  
Kinosaki-Onsen 城崎温泉 158.0  
Takeno 竹野 166.0  
Satsu 佐津 173.4   Kami, Mikata
Shibayama 柴山 175.7  
Kasumi 香住 180.0  
Yoroi 185.4  
Amarube 餘部 187.2  
Kutani 久谷 191.8   Shin'onsen, Mikata
Hamasaka 浜坂 197.9  
Moroyose 諸寄 199.8  
Igumi 居組 204.2  
Higashihama 東浜 207.5   Iwami, Iwami Tottori
Iwami 岩美 211.9  
Ōiwa 大岩 214.8  
Fukube 福部 219.1   Tottori
Tottori 鳥取 230.3 Imbi Line

From Tottori to Masuda[edit]

TL: Rapid Tottori Liner (快速とっとりライナー?)
AL: Rapid Aqua Liner (快速アクアライナー?)
CL: Rapid Commuter Liner (快速通勤ライナー?)
  • All the trains stop at stations signed "+". Most trains stop at "‡". Most trains do not stop at "*". No trains (other than local) stop at "-".
  • Rapid Commuter Liner runs from Nishi-Izumo to Yonago, one direction alone
Station Distance
(km)
TL AL CL Transfers Location
Tottori 鳥取 230.3 +     Imbi Line Tottori Tottori
Koyama 湖山 234.5 *      
Tottoridaigakumae 鳥取大学前 235.8      
Suetsune 末恒 239.6 *      
Hōgi 宝木 244.7 *      
Hamamura 浜村 247.6 +      
Aoya 青谷 252.8 +      
Tomari 258.9 *       Yurihama, Tōhaku
Matsuzaki 松崎 264.6 *      
Kurayoshi 倉吉 270.1 +       Kurayoshi
Shimohōjō 下北条 275.2 *       Hokuei, Tōhaku
Yura 由良 280.1 *      
Urayasu 浦安 285.8 +       Kotoura, Tōhaku
Yabase 八橋 287.6 -      
Akasaki 赤碕 291.3 +      
Nakayamaguchi 中山口 295.5 -       Daisen, Saihaku
Shimoichi 下市 297.7 *      
Mikuriya 御来屋 303.6 *      
Nawa 名和 304.7 -      
Daisenguchi 大山口 308.8 *      
Yodoe 淀江 312.7 *       Yonago
Hōki-Daisen 伯耆大山 318.2 +     Hakubi Line
Higashiyama-kōen 東山公園 321.2 -      
Yonago 米子 323.0 + + + Sakai Line
Yonago Freight Terminal 米子(貨) 324.2 - - -  
Yasugi 安来 331.8 + + +   Yasugi Shimane
Arashima 荒島 336.6 + + +  
Iya 揖屋 342.2 + + +   Matsue
Higashi-Matsue 東松江 345.3 + + +  
Matsue 松江 351.9 + + +  
Nogi 乃木 354.6 + + -  
Tamatsukuri-Onsen 玉造温泉 358.5 + + -  
Kimachi 来待 364.5 + + -  
Shinji 宍道 368.9 + + + Kisuki Line
Shōbara 荘原 373.0 + + + Izumo
Naoe 直江 379.1 + + +  
Izumoshi 出雲市 384.6 + + + Kita-Matsue Line (Dentetsu-Izumoshi)
Nishi-Izumo 西出雲 389.4      
Izumo-Jinzai 出雲神西 391.4   *    
Kōnan 江南 393.5   *    
Oda 小田 400.1   *    
Tagi 田儀 404.0   *    
Hane 波根 411.5   *     Ōda
Kute 久手 413.7   *    
Ōdashi 大田市 417.2   +    
Shizuma 静間 420.2   *    
Isotake 五十猛 422.8   *    
Nima 仁万 428.9   +    
Maji 馬路 431.9   *    
Yusato 湯里 434.8   *    
Yunotsu 温泉津 437.9   +    
Iwami-Fukumitsu 石見福光 440.8   *    
Kuromatsu 黒松 443.6   *     Gōtsu
Asari 浅利 448.0   *    
Gōtsu 江津 454.3   +   Sankō Line
Tsunozu 都野津 458.7   +    
Uyagawa 敬川 460.5   *    
Hashi 波子 463.3   +    
Kushiro 久代 465.6   *     Hamada
Shimokō 下府 469.7   *    
Hamada 浜田 473.3   +    
Nishi-Hamada 西浜田 478.7   +    
Sufu 周布 482.8   *    
Orii 折居 487.6   +    
Miho-Misumi 三保三隅 492.6   +    
Okami 岡見 497.6   *    
Kamate 鎌手 502.7   *     Masuda
Iwami-Tsuda 石見津田 507.2   *    
Masuda 益田 514.5   +   Yamaguchi Line

From Masuda to Shimonoseki[edit]

Station Distance
(km)
Transfers Location
Sanin Main Line
Masuda 益田 514.5 Yamaguchi Line Masuda Shimane
Todakohama 戸田小浜 524.3  
Iinoura 飯浦 528.0  
Esaki 江崎 533.8   Hagi Yamaguchi
Susa 須佐 540.4  
Utagō 宇田郷 549.2   Abu, Abu
Kiyo 木与 555.6  
Nago 奈古 560.2  
Nagato-Ōi 長門大井 564.5   Hagi
Koshigahama 越ヶ浜 569.1  
Higashi-Hagi 東萩 572.0  
Hagi 575.8  
Tamae 玉江 578.2  
Sammi 三見 583.9  
Ii 飯井 588.1  
Nagato-Misumi 長門三隅 594.5 Nagato
Nagatoshi 長門市 599.6 Mine Line, Sanin Main Line "Senzaki branch line"
Kiwado 黄波戸 604.9  
Nagato-Furuichi 長門古市 609.0  
Hitomaru 人丸 613.5  
Igami 伊上 617.9  
Nagato-Awano 長門粟野 622.1   Shimonoseki
Agawa 阿川 627.4  
Kottoi 特牛 631.1  
Takibe 滝部 635.1  
Nagato-Futami 長門二見 639.9  
Ukahongō 宇賀本郷 643.5  
Yutama 湯玉 645.7  
Kogushi 小串 650.2  
Kawatana-Onsen 川棚温泉 652.9  
Kuroimura 黒井村 655.4  
Umegatō 梅ヶ峠 658.8  
Yoshimi 吉見 662.7  
Fukue 福江 665.6  
Yasuoka 安岡 668.2  
Kajikuri-Gōdaichi 梶栗郷台地 679.6  
Ayaragi 綾羅木 670.7  
Hatabu 幡生 673.8 Sanyō Main Line
Sanyō Main Line
Hatabu 幡生 Sanin Main Line Shimonoseki Yamaguchi
Shimonoseki 下関 677.3  

Senzaki Branch Line[edit]

Station Distance
(km)
Transfers Location
Nagatoshi 長門市 0.0 Mine Line, Sanin Main Line Nagato Yamaguchi
Senzaki 仙崎 2.2  

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia