San Andres, Romblon

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San Andres
Municipality
Municipal beach of San Andres
Municipal beach of San Andres
Map of Romblon with San Andres highlighted
Map of Romblon with San Andres highlighted
San Andres is located in Philippines
San Andres
San Andres
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°31′N 122°01′E / 12.517°N 122.017°E / 12.517; 122.017Coordinates: 12°31′N 122°01′E / 12.517°N 122.017°E / 12.517; 122.017
Country Philippines
Region MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)
Province Romblon
District Lone district
Barangays 13
Government[1][2]
 • Mayor Feinald G. Rovillos (UNA)
 • Vice Mayor Rene J. Mingoa (NP)
 • Councilors Bodith Fronda
Laurito Guro
Joel Ibañez
Armando Fainsan
Dinah Fradejas
Ernesto Alladin
Pepito Galus
Araceli Gabaldon
Area[3]
 • Total 112.00 km2 (43.24 sq mi)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 15,023
 • Density 130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Zip Code 5504
Dialing code 42

San Andres (formerly Parpagoja, Salado, and Despujols) is a fifth class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Mablaran Falls in Brgy. Linawan, San Andres

San Andres was originally a barangay of Odiongan which became a municipality on 1920. During the pre-Spanish era, it was a native settlement of nipa huts known as Parpagoja, named after a rare large bird that had its nest among the thicket along the river where settlement was located. Among the first Spaniards to reach Parpagoha during the later half of the 19th century was Don Jose de Tiran, a military commander of Romblon who set out an inspection trip of the surrounding villages. On reaching the place he ordered a civil guard to fetch a glass of water from nearby well. The water turned out to be salty and the Spaniard yelled "salado!", issuing an official order to that effect. Thus, Parpagoha came to be known as Salado.[5]

In 1882, a prominent resident of Salado named Rufino Leaño was accused of a crime by an influential Spaniard, Don Barcelo. He succeeded in having Leaño imprisoned without trial in the provincial jail of Capiz, to which Romblon then belonged to as a sub-province. Years later, the Spanish Governor-General Eulogio Despujol (1891-1893) visited Capiz, and Leaño successfully sought an audience with him. Governor Despujol found Leaño innocent and set him free. On reaching his hometown, he successfully petitioned the provincial governor to change the name of Salado to Despujols in honor of the Governor-General.[5]

Modern history[edit]

On 18 June 1961, during the late years of President Carlos P. Garcia's administration, the fourth change of name for the town came through the enactment of Republic Act No. 3358. The town was renamed San Andres in honor of the town's patron, Saint Andrew, patron of fishermen, since most of the people of San Andres are fisherfolk.[6]

Geography[edit]

San Andres is a coastal town on the northwest portion of Tablas Island. It is bounded on the north by the Calatrava, on the south by Odiongan, on the east by San Agustin and on the west by the Tablas Strait. San Andres has a land area of 11,200 hectares (28,000 acres).[3] It has mountainous and stony areas.

Barangays[edit]

San Andres is politically subdivided into 13 barangays.[3]

  • Agpudlos
  • Calunacon
  • Doña Trinidad
  • Linawan
  • Mabini
  • Marigondon Norte
  • Marigondon Sur
  • Matutuna
  • Pag-Alad
  • Poblacion
  • Tan-Agan
  • Victoria
  • Juncarlo

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2010 census, San Andres has a population of 15,023 people.[4] Majority of the population speak Onhan dialect, while some barangays near Odiongan and Calatrava speak the Bantoanon dialect. The inhabitants are predominantly Roman Catholic, with a small number of Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Iglesia ni Cristo.

Population census of San Andres
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1995 13,204 —    
2000 13,460 +0.41%
2007 14,120 +0.66%
2010 15,028 +2.29%
Source: National Statistics Office[4]

Local government[edit]

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[7] the municipal government is composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice-mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Bayan alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

Incumbent mayor and vice mayor of San Andres for the 2013-2016 term are Feinald G. Rovillos and Rene J. Mingoa, respectively.

Tourism[edit]

Some of the tourist attractions and other places of interest in San Andres, include:[5]

  • San Andres Beach: Located at the town proper of San Andres. Fine gray sands line the three-kilometer stretch of the San Andres shoreline. During the months of June to December, the waters of San Andres beach are ideal for wind surfing.
  • Mablaran Falls: Located at Barangay Linawan, San Andres, four and a half kilometers from the town proper. Mablaran falls, lies amidst lush greenery and wild foliage. The falls empties into a pool of cool, blue-green waters with a depth of about 20 feet.
  • Sapatos Point: A big rock with a very peculiar shape like of a shoe or sapatos, which is located at Barangay Mabini.
  • Cajil Cave: Located at Barangay Pag-alad. The visitors will surely feel the hair-raising of excitement upon setting their first step at the entrance of the cave.
  • Bangko-Bangko Point: Located at Barangay Agpudlos. It is called Bangko-bangko because of the rare carving of the stones as if chairs. An exciting and thrilling place to relax while feeling the cool breeze of the asea.
  • Bal-ong Falls: An enchanted falls located at Barangay Mari Sur. Cool waters runs through the big rocks at the foot of the falls and flows all the way down to the cool brook.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Election Results, May 13, 2013 Automated Synchronized National & Local Elections". Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections. Retrieved 13 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Province: Romblon". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Fabula, Milex (2001). "Profile: San Andres". Romblon Travel Guide. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  6. ^ Congress of the Philippines. "An Act Changing the Name of the Municipality of Despujols, Province of Romblon, to San Andres". LawPH.com. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 

External links[edit]