San Antonio Zoo and Aquarium
|Location||3903 N. St. Mary's Street
San Antonio, Texas, USA
|Land area||35 acres (14 ha)|
|Number of animals||3,500+|
|Number of species||750|
The San Antonio Zoological Gardens and Aquarium is an Association of Zoos and Aquariums-accredited zoo in Midtown San Antonio, Texas, United States. The 35-acre (14 ha) zoo has a collection of over 3,500 animals representing 750 species. The zoo's annual attendance exceeds 1,000,000.
The Richard Friedrich Aquarium was opened in 1948.
- 1 History
- 2 Exhibits
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
What is now known as the San Antonio Zoo began in 1914 when Colonel George Washington Brackenridge, one of the city's leading citizens, placed bison, deer, monkeys, lions, and bears on land he had deeded to the city. The land became Brackenridge Park and Golf Course.
The San Antonio Zoo opened two of the first cageless exhibits in America in November 1929 that offered visitors views of the animals not available in caged exhibits. The Richard Friedrich Aquarium was dedicated in 1948, and the Hixon Bird House, funded through the efforts of Colonel Frederick C. Hixon, opened in 1966. The zoo's bird collection is now one of the world's largest.
The San Antonio Zoo housed the first herd of Addra Gazelle in captivity in 1969 and continues to be active in the breeding program for this critically endangered species. Due to the former hoofstock quarantine point in San Antonio, the San Antonio Zoo has historically had a wide variety of hoofstock species.
The zoo is involved in breeding a number of endangered species including black rhino, leopard, golden lion tamarin, dama gazelle, Attwater's Prairie Chicken, black mangabey, African lion, black-footed ferret, komodo dragon, andean condor, and Caribbean flamingos.
The zoo recently opened Phase II of the Africa Live project. Phase I brought a new exhibit for hippos with underwater viewing area and one for new Nile Crocodiles as well as many other smaller animals. Phase II contains Angolan Colobus Monkeys, Okapi, African Hunting Dogs, Rock Hyrax, and various species of birds contained in the 2nd largest aviary in the world. On June 18, 2013 a two-headed turtle, along with three one-headed turtles hatched. The two-headed turtle was later named Thelma and Louise after the 1991 film.
Africa Live! is the San Antonio Zoo's newest exhibit. Consisting of 3 phases, Phase I and Phase II are complete, while Phase III has yet to start construction. Africa Live! gives guests a chance to experience Lake Tanganyika and Lake Malawi. Guests can observe hippopotamus, Nile crocodile, and African cichlids through underwater viewing windows. Also found in Africa Live! are Angola colobus, okapi, African wild dog, Rock Hyrax, Wolf's mona monkey, and various species of birds.
African Plains takes visitors through a rocky, arid expanse, backed by natural limestone walls. African Plains hosts a number of animals including zebra, ostrich, topi, marabou stork, and various antelope.
Amazonia houses the zoo's South American plants and animals. The zoo's main waterway makes up a large portion of Amazonia. The open flight deck allows guests to enter the exhibit and observe scarlet ibis, among other birds, the family of spider monkeys, giant anteaters and purchase food to feed tilapia.
Several cats, including the jaguar and ocelot are located within Amazonia. The exhibit is also home to New World Monkeys including tamarins, marmosets, capuchin monkeys, and sakis. Other animals include anaconda, armadillos, sloths, bats, and the Andean Condor.
Cranes of the World
Cranes of the World is home to Whooping cranes,Blue cranes,Manchurian cranes,and last but certainly not least the Hooded crane.The exhibit is a lush environment constructed on the Zoo's existing waterway that allows gueststo be immersed in the cranes habitat. Its an opportunity that is becoming increasingly rare in the wild
Hixon Bird House
Richard Friedrich Aquarium
The San Antonio Zoo contains these Mammals: Addax, Addra gazelle, African crested porcupine, African Pygmy goat, African wild dog, Asian small-clawed otters, Asian elephants, Francois' langur, Bat-eared fox, Black howler monkey, Black-and-white ruffed lemur, Black-footed cat, Black-handed spider monkey, Black-tailed prairie dog, Blue duiker, Babirusa, Black mangabey, Bush dog, Capybara, Cheetah, Coati, Colobus monkey, Common squirrel monkey, Common warthog, Common zebra, Cotton-headed tamarin, Fishing cat, Fossa, Geoffroy's marmoset, Giant anteater, Goeldi's monkey, Golden lion tamarin, Golden-bellied mangabey, Golden-headed tamarin, Goodfellow's tree kangaroo, Hippopotamus, Jaguar, Kinkajou, Kirk's dik-dik, Malayan tapir, Linne's two-toed sloth, Naked mole-rat, Nine-banded Armadillo, North American black bear, Northern tamandua, Northern tree shrew, Nubian ibex, Ocelot, Okapi, Oriental small-clawed otter, Pale-headed saki, Parma wallaby, Pied tamarin, Prevost's squirrel, Red kangaroo, Red river hog, Red ruffed lemur, Reeves' muntjac, Ringtail, Short-tailed bat, South American tapir, Southern white rhinoceros, Spectacled bear, Spekes' gazelle, Spotted hyena, Sumatran tiger, Topi, Vietnamese pot-bellied pig, White-cheeked gibbon, White-throated capuchin, Wolf's guenon, Yellow-backed duiker, Yellow-footed rock wallaby,
The San Antonio Zoo contains these following Birds: Andean Tinamou American common goldeneye American white pelican American flamingo Attwater's prairie chicken Australian shelduck Australian wood duck Bateleur eagle Bahama pintail duck Bali/Rothschild's mynah Bananaquit Bar-headed goose Bartlett's Dove Black and white Mannikin Black swan Black-billed whistling duck Black-necked stork Black-necked swan Black-throated laughing thrush Blue-bellied roller Blue-bellied kingfisher Blue ground dove Blue-grey tanager Blue-winged goose - Marbled teal - Hooded merganser Boat-billed heron Brazilian teal Bruce's pigeon Bush stone curlew Cattle egret Chestnut teal Chilean flamingo Chiloe wigeon Chinese hwamie Cinnamon teal Common barn owl Common shama thrush Congo peacock Coscoroba swan Crested pigeon Crested screamer Crested wood partridge Common crowned pigeon Demoiselle crane Double-barred finch Double-wattled cassowary East African crowned crane Eastern rosella Eastern screech owl Egyptian plover Emerald starling Emu European Wood Pigeon Fairy bluebird Forsten's lorikeet Fulvous whistling duck Giant kingfisher Gold coast turaco Guira cuckoo Golden-breasted starling Violet-backed starling Gouldian finch Great blue turaco Greater flamingo Green aracari Green junglefowl Madagascar partridge Green oropendola Green-naped lory Green winged Macaw Grey wing trumpeter Guam rail Banded rail Hadada ibis Hammerkop Hill mynah Hooded crane Hottentot teal Inca tern Lady Ross Turaco Laughing gull Lavander finch Laysan Teal Lesser bird-of-paradise Lesser vasa parrot Little blue heron Madagascar Teal Magpie goose Magpie shrike Maguari stork Malay great argus Malayan peacock pheasant Manchurian crane Marabou stork Mauritius pink pigeon Metallic starling Micronesian kingfisher Military macaw Moluccan radjah shelduck Musk lorikeet Namaqua dove New Guinea masked plover Nicobar pigeon Green-winged dove Blue ground pigeon North American ruddy duck North American wood duck Obi violet-necked lory Ocellated turkey Orange cheeked waxbill Ostrich Painted stork Palawan peacock pheasant Palm cockatoo Cockatiel Orange-cheeked waxbill Peruvian thick-knee Pied imperial pigeon Plumed whistling duck Purplish jay Rainbow lorikeet Red bird-of-paradise Red bishop Red-and-yellow barbet Red-billed whistling duck Red-capped cardinal Red-legged honeycreeper Red-crested finch Antillean euphonia Red-crested pochard Redhead Duck Red-legged seriema Ringed teal Rose-ringed parakeet Rosybill Rothschild's peacock pheasant Sacred ibis Salvin's pigeon Croaking ground dove Sandhill crane Scarlet ibis Scarlet macaw Secretary bird Snowy crowned robin chat Snowy egret Speckled mousebird Speckled pigeon Spectacled owl Stanley crane Sun bittern Sun conure Superb starling Swainson's lorikeet Swan geese Taveta golden weaver Tawny frogmouth Vasa parrot Victoria crowned pigeon Wattled crane West African crowned crane White stork White-bellied bustard Buff-crested bustard White-bellied stork White-crested laughing thrush White-crowned pigeon Mauritius pink pigeon White-faced whistling duck White-headed buffalo weaver White-naped crane White-naped raven Pied crow White-winged wood duck Whooping crane Wreathed hornbill Yellow-breasted ground dove Diamond dove Zebra dove
The San Antonio Zoo contains these following Reptiles: African mud turtle African rock python Aldabra tortoise Alligator snapping turtle Amazon tree boa American alligator Angolan python Armenian viper Armstrong’s rattlesnake Aruba Island rattlesnake Ball python Banded alligator lizard Banded rock rattlesnake Black milksnake Black wood turtle Bull snake Caatinga lancehead Cagle's map turtle California kingsnake Coahuilan box turtle Corn snake Crocodile lizard Cross-banded rattlesnake Cuban false chameleon Cuvier’s iguana Dumeril's ground boa Dunn's hognose viper Durango mountain kingsnak Dwarf caiman Dwarf crocodile East African green mamba Eastern box turtle Egyptian cobra Emerald alligator lizard Eyelash palm-pitviper Fischer's chameleon Flap-shelled turtles Gaboon Viper Gharial Giant Mexican horned lizard Giant South American river turtle Green anaconda Green tree python Grey-banded kingsnake Guatemalan palm viper Habu Hamilton’s pond turtle Humantlan rattlesnake King cobra Komodo dragon Madagascar ground boa Malaysian painted terrapin Mang Mountain viper March's palm-pitviper Matamata Mexican beaded lizard Mexican black-tailed pitviper Mexican giant musk turtle Mexican ground alligator lizard Mexican lance-headed rattlesnake Mexican milksnake Mexican pigmy rattlesnake Mexican Twin-spotted rattlesnake Mixtecan alligator lizard Mottled rock rattlesnake New Mexico ridge-nose rattlesnake Nile crocodile Northern blue-tongue skink Northwestern Neotropical rattlesnake Oaxacan alligator lizard Olmec viper Orinoco crocodile Prehensile-tailed skink Queretaro dusky rattlesnake Radiated tortoise Red spitting cobra Red-eared slider Reticulated python Rhinoceros ratsnake Rhinoceros viper Rosy boa Rowley's palm-pitviper Russian blunt-nosed viper San Luis mountain kingsnake Savu Island python Schelopusik Snub-nosed viper Southern lined pine snake Southern ridge-nose rattlesnake Southern Sierra Madre spiny lizard Speckled palm pitviper Spiny-tailed monitor Standing's day gecko Tamaulipan flat rock lizard Tamaulipan rock rattlesnake Taylor’s cantil Tentacled snake Terciopelo Terciopelo Texas slider Texas spiny lizard Texas tortoise Thai bamboo ratsnake Tomistoma Trans-Pecos ratsnake Vogel’s river turtle West African green mamba Western cottonmouth Western diamondback rattlesnake Western hognose snake Western painted turtle Yellow sided twist neck turtle Yellow-spotted Amazon River turtle
The San Antonio Zoo contains these following Amphibians: African bullfrog American bullfrog Axolotl Black-spotted newts Dying poison arrow frog Emperor Newts European fire salamander Giant marine toad Golden Frog Golden mantella Green Toad Green tree frog Green-and-black poison arrow frog Gulf Coast toad Japanese giant salamander Mexican burrowing frog Mexican dumpy frog Puerto Rican crested toad Red-eyed tree frog Red-spotted toad Rio Grande leopard frog Rio Grande siren Sierra Madre Salamanders Spadefoot toad Texas Toad Tiger salamander Vietnamese mossy frog White’s tree frog Yellow-banded poison arrow frog Yellow-striped caecilian