San Benedetto del Tronto

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San Benedetto del Tronto
Comune
Città di San Benedetto del Tronto
San Benedetto del Tronto seafront - fountain in Giorgini Square
San Benedetto del Tronto seafront - fountain in Giorgini Square
Coat of arms of San Benedetto del Tronto
Coat of arms
San Benedetto del Tronto is located in Italy
San Benedetto del Tronto
San Benedetto del Tronto
Location of San Benedetto del Tronto in Italy
Coordinates: 42°57′N 13°53′E / 42.950°N 13.883°E / 42.950; 13.883Coordinates: 42°57′N 13°53′E / 42.950°N 13.883°E / 42.950; 13.883
Country Italy
Region Marche
Province Ascoli Piceno (AP)
Government
 • Mayor Giovanni Gaspari (PD)
Area
 • Total 25 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population
 • Total 48,700
 • Density 1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Demonym Sambenedettesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 63074, 63037
Dialing code 0735
Patron saint St. Benedict the Martyr
Website Official website

San Benedetto del Tronto (Sammenedèttë in the local dialect) is a city and comune in the province of Ascoli Piceno, Marche, Italy. Its population is 50,000 making it the second most populous city in the province. It lies on the coast of the Adriatic Sea and is an active fishing port and one of the main seaside resorts on the central Adriatic coast. Located at the mouth of the river Albula, its territory extends to the river Tronto in the south.

History[edit]

San Benedetto del Tronto was a martyr [1] and a soldier born in Cupra during the reign of Roman Emperor Diocletian. Shortly thereafter, following the edict of Constantine in 313 AD, some believers built a chapel around the tomb.[clarification needed] Since then, San Benedetto has been highly revered by locals. He later built a small church which included an apse facing the east and its entrance facing the west, in accordance with the early Christian tradition that the east, where the sun rises, and the sunrise is symbolic of Christ's resurrection. Historians argue[who?] that archaeological findings indicate Roman origins, linking San Benedetto to the ancient city of Alba Picena on the right bank of the Albula river.

The first document which indicated the name of the village dates from 998.[citation needed] The document was an act concerning the investiture of the benefice of SS. Vincent and Anastasius in the territory of Acquaviva Piceno by Hubert bishop of Fermo. The document contains the phrase "Pede sive terra et silva Sancti Benedicti", referring to the city. In 1211, Emperor Otto IV granted the territories ranging from the Tronto River to the Potenza river to the town of Fermo. In 1245, Emperor Frederick II granted Ascoli Piceno a stretch of coast between the Ragnola river and Tronto river to build a fortified port. In the following years, there were disputes between Ascoli and Fermo. In 1478, there was a plague epidemic which decimated the city's population. The area remained virtually uninhabited until refugees from Romagna repopulated San Benedetto wher they were granted land leases. From the 16th century until the 19th century, the Turks repeatedly invaded the city where they captured sailors and forced them into slavery. Since 1650, the urban center expanded beyond the city walls. In 1754, the first marine suburbs, Sant'Antonio da Padova and Marina, were created. In 1860, the "Cacciatori delle Alpi" freed the city from the dominion of the church. The Royal Decree giving San Benedetto the "del Tronto" attribute was in 1896. In 1936, the village of Porto d'Ascoli was absorbed into the city of San Benedetto del Tronto.

From 1943 to 1944, during the Second World War, the city suffered 144 air raids and 6 naval shellings. Following the end of the war, the city's economy and businesses prospered. Fishing became a cornerstone of the local economy and in the 1960s and 1970s, the city became one of the largest fishing ports in Italy. After the war, San Benedetto became a popular destination on the Adriatic coast.

The round fountain in Giorgini Square

Main sights[edit]

The Torrione is a tower located on the highest and oldest part of the city known as San Benedetto Alta. The tower is 15 metres (49 ft) tall and provides a complete view of the city.

Riviera delle Palme[edit]

The "Riviera delle Palme" is a beach located in San Benedetto del Tronto. It has annually been awarded a Blue Flag since 1998. The Blue Flag is a certification awarded to beaches and marinas by the Foundation for Environmental Education which qualify with its environmental standards.

Sport and culture[edit]

San Benedetto del Tronto is home to the football team U.S. Sambenedettese. The team has played in Serie B and is currently playing in Serie D.[citation needed] In March, the city hosts the final stage finish of the Tirreno–Adriatico bicycle race.

In February, the city hosts a carnival parade in its main streets, it includes floats from other cities in the province.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

San Benedetto del Tronto is twinned with:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]