San Bernardino Pass

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For the pass in the San Bernardino mountains in California, see Cajon Pass.
San Bernardino Pass
Sbernardinopass.PNG
Summit of St. Bernardino pass
Elevation 2,066 m (6,778 ft)[1]
Traversed by Road
Location Graubünden, Switzerland
Range Lepontine Alps
Coordinates 46°29′46″N 9°10′15″E / 46.49611°N 9.17083°E / 46.49611; 9.17083Coordinates: 46°29′46″N 9°10′15″E / 46.49611°N 9.17083°E / 46.49611; 9.17083
San Bernardino Pass is located in Switzerland
San Bernardino Pass
Location in Switzerland

San Bernardino Pass (elevation 2,066 metres or 6,778 feet) is a high mountain pass in the Swiss Alps connecting the Hinterrhein and the Mesolcina (Misox) valleys between Thusis (Graubünden) and Bellinzona (Ticino). Located in the far eastern side of the Western Alps it is not to be confused with the Great St. Bernard Pass and the Little St. Bernard Pass. The top of the pass represents both the Italo-German language frontier and the watershed (drainage divide) between the Po basin and the Rhine basin.

The route first became important as a mule track in the fifteenth century when the route between Thusis and Splügen was known as the Via Mala. A road for wheeled vehicles was opened in 1770; this road was significantly improved between 1821 and 1823, financed in part by the Kingdom of Sardinia, keen to improve a trade route connecting Genoa and Piedmont to the Graubünden that was not directly controlled by Austria.

Traffic flow was much facilitated when in 1967, the San Bernardino road tunnel was completed, since then vehicle traffic on the pass has been reduced, benefiting those taking the time to avoid the tunnel. The pass road is only open in summer.

The pass is featured in an episode of the BBC television show Top Gear in which the three presenters try and find the best driving road in the world.

San Bernardino Pass and Laghetto Moesola

Climate[edit]

The average climatic conditions for San Bernardino village at the entry point to the San Bernardino tunnel at 1,639 m (5,377 ft) are given in the following chart.

Climate data for S. Bernardino village (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
0.7
(33.3)
3.2
(37.8)
5.8
(42.4)
10.8
(51.4)
15.1
(59.2)
17.8
(64)
17.2
(63)
13.2
(55.8)
9.2
(48.6)
3.8
(38.8)
1.0
(33.8)
8.2
(46.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−3.6
(25.5)
−0.9
(30.4)
1.9
(35.4)
6.5
(43.7)
10.5
(50.9)
13.0
(55.4)
12.4
(54.3)
8.9
(48)
4.9
(40.8)
0.0
(32)
−3.0
(26.6)
3.9
(39)
Average low °C (°F) −7.6
(18.3)
−7.5
(18.5)
−4.7
(23.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
2.6
(36.7)
6.0
(42.8)
8.3
(46.9)
8.1
(46.6)
5.0
(41)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.3
(26.1)
−6.5
(20.3)
0.0
(32)
Precipitation mm (inches) 89
(3.5)
62
(2.44)
95
(3.74)
171
(6.73)
216
(8.5)
188
(7.4)
188
(7.4)
193
(7.6)
202
(7.95)
182
(7.17)
162
(6.38)
105
(4.13)
1,854
(72.99)
Snowfall cm (inches) 95.3
(37.52)
77.8
(30.63)
76.4
(30.08)
92.8
(36.54)
13.6
(5.35)
0.5
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.4
(0.55)
9.9
(3.9)
64.6
(25.43)
89.4
(35.2)
521.7
(205.39)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.5 6.7 8.5 11.2 14.7 12.0 11.5 12.4 10.1 10.7 9.4 8.2 122.9
Avg. snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 8.9 7.5 7.4 8 1.8 0.1 0 0 0.2 1.6 6.9 8.6 51
 % humidity 63 64 65 71 74 71 71 73 75 76 71 68 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 101 109 140 120 125 150 172 159 138 114 88 88 1,504
Source: MeteoSwiss [2]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Swisstopo maps
  2. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Retrieved 23 January 2013.  The weather station elevation is 1638 meters above sea level.

External links[edit]