San Callisto

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San Callisto
St. Callistus
S. Calixti (Latin)
Trastevere - S. Callisto.JPG
Facade of San Callisto.
Basic information
Location Italy Rome, Italy
Geographic coordinates 41°53′20.56″N 12°28′13.75″E / 41.8890444°N 12.4704861°E / 41.8890444; 12.4704861Coordinates: 41°53′20.56″N 12°28′13.75″E / 41.8890444°N 12.4704861°E / 41.8890444; 12.4704861
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Titular church
Leadership Wim Eijk
Website Official website
Architectural description
Architect(s) Orazio Torriani
Architectural type Church
Groundbreaking 1610
Completed 1613

San Callisto (English: Saint Callistus, Latin: S. Calixti) is a Roman Catholic titular church in Rome, Italy, built over the site of Saint Pope Callistus I and the location of his martyrdom. The original building dates form the time of Pope Gregory III who ordered the building of a church on the site. The church has been rebuilt twice since, first in the twelfth century and again the current church in 1610. In 1458 Pope Callixtus III granted it a titular church as a seat for Cardinals.[citation needed]

Established in 1517, the Titulus San Calixti is currently held by Willem Jacobus Cardinal Eijk.[1]

Architecture[edit]

The seventeenth century facade carried the coat of arms of Pope Paul V. The church has a single aisle with a chapel either side. The chapel on the right are two angels sculptured by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The chapel on the left contains the pit where Pope Callistus I, later venerated as a saint, was martyred. The main altar has the fresco Glory of St. Callisto done by Antonio Achilli.

List of Cardinal Priests[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mariano Armellini, Le chiese di Roma dal secolo IV al XIX, Rome, Tipografia Vaticana, 1891. penelope.uchicago.edu.
  • Christian Hülsen, Le chiese di Roma nel Medio Evo, Florence, Olschki, 1927. penelope.uchicago.edu.
  • Giuseppe Momo, Relazione sui lavori di restauro della chiesa di San Calisto in Roma, Rome, Società Arti Grafiche, 1938.
  • Claudio Rendina, Le Chiese di Roma, Milan, Newton Compton, 2000, p. 57.
  • Giorgio Carpaneto, Rione XIII Trastevere, in AA.VV, I rioni di Roma, Milan, Newton Compton, 2000, vol. III, pp. 831–923.