San Casciano dei Bagni

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
San Casciano dei Bagni
Comune
Comune di San Casciano dei Bagni
SanCascianoDeiBagniPanorama.JPG
Coat of arms of San Casciano dei Bagni
Coat of arms
San Casciano dei Bagni is located in Italy
San Casciano dei Bagni
San Casciano dei Bagni
Location of San Casciano dei Bagni in Italy
Coordinates: 42°52′17.32″N 11°52′30.66″E / 42.8714778°N 11.8751833°E / 42.8714778; 11.8751833Coordinates: 42°52′17.32″N 11°52′30.66″E / 42.8714778°N 11.8751833°E / 42.8714778; 11.8751833
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Siena (SI)
Frazioni Palazzone, Fighine, Celle sul Rigo, Ponte a Rigo
Government
 • Mayor Franco Picchieri
Area
 • Total 91.8 km2 (35.4 sq mi)
Elevation 582 m (1,909 ft)
Population (Dec. 2004)[1]
 • Total 1,713
 • Density 19/km2 (48/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 53040
Dialing code 0578
Patron saint San Cassiano
Saint day August 13
Website Official website

San Casciano dei Bagni is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 110 km southeast of Florence and about 70 km southeast of Siena.

Geography[edit]

San Casciano dei Bagni borders the following municipalities: Abbadia San Salvatore, Acquapendente, Allerona, Cetona, Città della Pieve, Fabro, Piancastagnaio, Proceno, Radicofani, Sarteano.

It is a member of "prettiest Italian villages" (borghi piu belli d'Italia).

History[edit]

The history of San Casciano is strictly connected to the presence of hot waters, with 42 springs, a mean temperature of 42°C and a daily delivery of 5.5 million litres (third in Europe).

According to a legend, the Balnea Clusinae were founded by Porsenna, an Etruscan king of Chiusi. The baths were popular also during the Roman era, Augustus being amongst its users.

In the 3rd-4th century a Christian Pieve of St. Mary ad balneo existed in San Casciano. During the Middle Ages it was initially under Lombard rule, and later under the Visconti di Campiglia and the Abbey of San Salvatore. Troops of San Casciano took part at the Battle of Montaperti in 1260. The last Visconti ruler was Monaldo, who was also podestà of Florence in 1389. San Casciano was acquired by the Republic of Siena in 1412. In Renaissance times its baths attracted visitors from all over Europe, but they decayed from the 19th century, recovering only from the early 21st Century.

Demographic evolution[edit]

Sightseeing[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

External links[edit]

Media related to San Casciano dei Bagni at Wikimedia Commons