San Clemente Island Air Force Station

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Ground Equipment Facility J-36A
Part of

1951: Airdefensecommand-logo.jpgAir Defense Command
1960: United States Navy
c. 1998:[1] Joint Surveillance System

Locations
USAF station: 3.7 mi (6.0 km) SSE of landing field

USN/FAA radar: Mount Thirst

USGS activity: tbd
Coordinates 32°58′37″N 118°33′10″W / 32.97694°N 118.55278°W / 32.97694; -118.55278 (San Clemente Island AFS P-39) (AFS)[2]

32°53′04.95″N 118°27′04.05″W / 32.8847083°N 118.4511250°W / 32.8847083; -118.4511250 (Mount Thirst ARSR-4) (ARSR-4)[2]

Type radar station
Code ADC: LP-39, P-39
USGS: D-4-66-SC
JSS: J-36A
Site information
Controlled by  United States Air Force
Site history
Built 1951
In use ADC: 1951-1960
USGS: 1966
USN: 1972-present
Garrison information
Garrison 670th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron
San Clemente Island Air Force Station is located in California Southern
San Clemente Island Air Force Station
Magnify-clip.png
San Clemente Island is the location of an ARSR-4

Ground Equipment Facility J-36A (San Clemente Island Air Force Station until 1960) is a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) radar station of the Joint Surveillance System (JSS) in the Western Air Defense Sector (WADS) of NORAD.

History[edit]

In World War II, Los Angeles Harbor Defenses included posts on some islands of Southern California, e.g. in March 1942, "a 200-man Army detachment set up two radar stations" on San Clemente Island, and in March 1944, Navy "Seabees built two permanent radar installations[where?] on the island."[3]

USAF radar station[edit]

For the history of the Permanent System radar network, including its initial use of older radars at "LP" permanent stations, see Manual Air Defense Control Center.

San Clemente Island Air Force Station was Permanent System radar station LP-39 which began operations in November 1951 with an AN/TPS-1C general surveillance radar. Designated[when?] as one of two offshore radar stations at the Southern California coast (cf. Santa Rosa Island Air Force Station), the 670th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron was activated at the station on tbd by the 27th Air Division. As an AC&W radar station, the facility provided radar tracks for a Manual Air Defense Control Center to direct ground-control intercepttion (GCI) of unidentified aircraft.

The Air Force Station was upgraded to designation P-39 with a single AN/FPS-3 radar in May 1952 and an AN/FPS-4 height-finding radar the following year. In 1955 an AN/FPS-8 was added and subsequently converted to an AN/GPS-3 and in 1956, an AN/FPS-6 height-finder replaced the AN/FPS-4. As with other ADC stations replaced by facilities of the joint-use site system (JUSS), San Clemente Island AFS was replaced in 1960, and 670th operations moved to the JUSS RP-39 station at San Pedro Hill AFS with barracks at Ft MacArthur near the Nike direction center.

In 1960, San Clemente Island[verification needed] transferred to the Navy[4] and the USAF operations building was subsequently used as a Navy photo lab (the AFS site is vacant, deteriorating and difficult to reach.)[opinion]

USGS radar station[edit]

In 1966 (July 30-August 9), field activity D-4-66-SC of the United States Geological Survey in the Coastal and Marine Geology Program used San Clemente Island with a Western Electric M-33 radar for a study of the Bathymetry and Structure of San Clemente Island (e.g., the "CURV vehicle of Naval Undersea Research and Development Center, was...used for seafloor sampling.")[5]

Mount Thirst radar station[edit]

In 1972 south of the former AFS, the Navy installed an AN/FPS-20 general surveillance radar at Mount Thirst (32°53′03″N 118°27′03″W / 32.88417°N 118.45083°W / 32.88417; -118.45083 (San Clemente Island J-36A)). The FPS-20 was later modified to an AN/FPS-93A in an Arctic Tower for range safety and bombing exercises.[6]

Joint Surveillance System[edit]

In the late 1990s,[2] an Air Route Surveillance Radar (ARSR-4) radar at Mount Thirst replaced the AN/FPS-93A, and is now shared[clarification needed] with the Air Force for the JSS program (the FAA maintains the radar for the Navy, but reportedly does not use the data).[citation needed]

Station Tombstone[edit]

The late 1980s Station Tombstone Radar, an AN/SPS-73 surface search radar, is located north of Mt. Thirst.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [full citation needed] This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.
  2. ^ a b c "Information for San Clemente Island AFS, CA" (Radomes.org database webpage). Air Defense Radar Stations. Retrieved 2013-03-24. 
    Information for San Clemente Island (Mount Thirst), CA
  3. ^ Shettle, M. L.; Jr. Naval Auxiliary Air Station, San Clemente Island (Report). MilitaryMuseum.org. (transcribed at "San Clemente Island Range Complex". Historic California Posts. The California State Military Museum. Retrieved 2013-03-24. 
  4. ^ Winkler, David F; Webster, Julie L (June 1997). Searching the Skies: The Legacy of the United States Cold War Defense Radar Program (Report). U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories. p.[verification needed]. LCCN 9720912. http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA331231. Retrieved 2012-03-26. ""BUIC II radar sites would be capable of incorporating data feeds from other radar sectors directly onto their radar screens. "
  5. ^ Geological and Geophysical data of field activity D-4-66-SC in San Clemente Island, CA from 07/30/1966 to 08/09/1966 (Report). USGS. (abstract retrieved 2013-03-22)
  6. ^ compiled by Johnson, Mildred W (31 December 1980) [February 1973 original by Cornett, Lloyd H. Jr]. A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980. Peterson Air Force Base: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. p. [verification needed]. Retrieved 2012-03-26. 
  7. ^ publisher tbd. San Clemente Island Range Complex (SCIRC) Range Sites - Location (Map). (published in (pdf) Southern California Offshore Range (SCORE) (Report). 2007.)