San Diego Comic-Con International
|Comic-Con International: San Diego|
|Venue||San Diego Convention Center (Main Venue)
Various locations around Downtown San Diego.
|Location||San Diego, California|
|Attendance||Around 130,000 in 2010|
San Diego Comic-Con International is a multigenre convention held annually in San Diego, California, United States. It was founded as the "Golden State Comic Book Convention" in 1970 by a group of San Diegans, which included Shel Dorf, Richard Alf, Ken Krueger and Mike Towry; later, it was called the "San Diego Comic Book Convention". The name, as given on its website, is Comic-Con International: San Diego; but it is commonly known as Comic-Con or the San Diego Comic-Con or "SDCC". It is a four-day event (Thursday-Sunday) held during the summer in San Diego, in southern California, United States. On Wednesday evening, there is a preview for professionals, exhibitors, and some guests pre-registered for all four days.
Comic-Con International also produces two other conventions, WonderCon and the Alternative Press Expo (APE), both held in San Francisco, in northern California. Since 1974, Comic-Con has bestowed its annual Inkpot Award on guests and persons of interest in the Popular Arts industries, as well as on members of Comic-Con's Board of Directors and the Convention Committee. It is also the home of the Will Eisner Awards.
Originally showcasing comic books, science fiction/fantasy and film/television, and related popular arts, the convention now includes a larger range of pop culture elements, such as horror, animation, anime, manga, toys, collectible card games, video games, webcomics, and fantasy novels. The convention is the largest convention held in San Diego  In 2010, it filled the San Diego Convention Center to capacity with over 130,000 attendees.
History and organization 
The convention was founded in 1970 by Shel Dorf, Richard Alf, Ken Krueger, Mike Towry, and Greg Bear. Detroit, Michigan-born comics fan Shel Dorf, had in the mid-1960s mounted the Detroit Triple-Fan Fairs, one of the first commercial comics-fan conventions. When he moved to San Diego, California in 1970, he organized a one-day convention (Golden State Comic-Minicon) on March 21, 1970 "as a kind of 'dry run' for the larger convention he hoped to stage." Dorf went on to be associated with the convention as president or manager, variously, for many years until becoming estranged from the organization. Alf co-chaired the first convention with Krueger and became chairman in 1971.
Following the initial gathering, Dorf's first three-day San Diego comics convention, the Golden State Comic-Con, drew 300 people and was held at the U.S. Grant Hotel from August 1–3, 1970. Other locations in the convention's early years included the El Cortez Hotel, the University of California, San Diego, and Golden Hall, before being moved to the San Diego Convention Center in 1991. Richard Alf, chairman in 1971, has noted an early factor in the Con's growth was an effort "to expand the Comic-Con [organizing] committee base by networking with other fandoms such as the Society for Creative Anachronism and the Mythopoeic Society, among others. (We found a lot of talent and strength through diversity)." By the late 1970s the show had grown to such an extent that Bob Schreck recalled visiting with his then-boss Gary Berman of Creation Conventions and reflecting, "While [Berman] kept repeating (attempting to convince himself) 'This show's not any bigger than ours!' I was quietly walking the floor stunned and in awe of just how much bigger it really was. I was blown away."
The convention is organized by a panel of 13 board members, 16 to 20 full-time and part-time workers, and 80 volunteers who assist via committees. Comic Con International is a non-profit organization, and proceeds of the event go to funding it, as well as the Alternative Press Expo (APE) and WonderCon. In September 2010, the convention announced that it would stay in San Diego through 2015.
Along with panels, seminars, and workshops with comic book professionals, there are previews of upcoming feature films, and portfolio review sessions with top comic book and video game companies. The evenings include events such as awards ceremonies, the annual Masquerade costume contest, and the Comic-Con International Independent Film Festival, which showcases shorts and feature length movies that do not have distribution or distribution deals.
Traditional events include an eclectic film program, screening rooms devoted to Japanese animation, gaming, programs such as cartoonist Scott Shaw!'s "Oddball Comics" slide show and animation expert Jerry Beck's program featuring TV's "worst cartoons ever", as well as over 350 hours of other programming on all aspects of comic books and pop culture.
Like most comic-book conventions, Comic-Con features a large floorspace for exhibitors. These include media companies such as movie studios and TV networks, as well as comic-book dealers and collectibles merchants. And like most comics conventions, Comic-Con includes an autograph area, as well as the Artists' Alley where comics artists can sign autographs and sell or do free sketches. Despite the name, artists' alleys can include writers and even models.
Academics and comic industry professionals annually hold the Comics Arts Conference at Comic-Con, presenting scholarly studies on comics as a medium.
In recent years, the number of television shows that are promoted far outnumber films. During the 2011 convention, at least 80 TV shows were represented, compared to about 35 films. The shows not only promote in the exhibit halls, but also use screenings and panels of various actors, writers, producers, and others from their shows.
While many animated shows are represented, a high number of non-animated shows are also promoted by studios and the networks. Examples of the wide variety of TV shows recently promoted include Bones, Burn Notice, Castle, Chuck, Grimm, MythBusters, Nikita, Once Upon a Time, Psych, Supernatural, The Big Bang Theory, and The Vampire Diaries. Of course sci-fi TV shows are there, such as Being Human, EUReKA, Fringe, Lost Girl, Sanctuary, Torchwood, Doctor Who and Warehouse 13, but HBO and Showtime are also big attractions with shows like Dexter, Shameless and True Blood.
There are at least 17 separate rooms in the Convention Center used for panels and screenings, ranging in size from 280 seats to 6,500 seats. The neighboring Hilton Bayfront is also used, with their main ballroom (Indigo) seating up to 2,600. The other neighboring hotel, the Marriott Marquis & Marina, also hosts a lot of Comic-Con activity. Among other things, the hotel serves as the anime headquarters and is where the nighttime films are shown.
Exclusive collectibles 
In the 21st century, the convention has drawn toy and collectibles designers who sell "Comic-Con Exclusive" products. Such companies have included LEGO, Hasbro, Mattel, National Entertainment Collectibles Association and Sideshow Collectibles. Most such exclusives are licensed properties of movie, comic book, and animation characters.
In the media 
Comic-Con International has served as the setting for Mark Hamill's Comic Book: The Movie, and for an episode of the HBO television series Entourage, the latter of which, while set at the event, was not filmed there. Comic-Con also served as an excuse for the fictional characters Seth Cohen and Ryan Atwood's trip to Tijuana, Mexico in the first season of TV series The O.C. The convention also featured prominently as a setting for the Numb3rs episode "Graphic". In Season 4 of Beauty and the Geek, an episode was featured where the contestants traveled to Comic-Con 07 and were given a challenge to create their own superheroes. In an episode of Punk'd, Hilary Swank gets Punk'd after an "attack from talking robot". In Season 5, episode six, of the Showtime show Weeds, attendees from Comic-Con 2009 are seen in Silas and Doug's medicinal marijuana club.
It was reported that a mock-up of the external area near Hall D of the Convention Center depicting Comic-Con would be shown in the movie Paul which stars Simon Pegg and Nick Frost. Issue No. 72 of The Invincible Iron Man (1974) was set at the July–August 1974 Comic-Con at the El Cortez Hotel, and featured cameos by a few of the special guests.
Comic-Con is mentioned in the CBS television show The Big Bang Theory in several episodes, and in NBC's Chuck in the episode "Chuck Versus the Sandworm", as an event the characters enjoy attending. On the Futurama episode "Lrrreconcilable Ndndifferences", the main characters attend the 3010 convention (with it being referred to as "Comic-Con Intergalactic" and the iconic eye logo now sporting multiple eyes), where Fry looks for approval for his own comic while Bender attends a panel from Matt Groening (creator of Futurama as well as The Simpsons) on his new show "Futurella" (a twist on the title of the show and a parody of its cancellation by Fox).
In "It's My Party and I'll Bang If I Want To", an episode of the 2011 season of The Real World: San Diego, the cast attends Comic-Con made up as zombies in order to pass out promotional flyers for the House of Blues, where they worked as part of their season work assignment. Filmmaker Morgan Spurlock released a 2011 documentary feature film set at the convention, Comic-Con Episode IV: A Fan's Hope. Writer Robert Salkowitz also used the 2011 Comic-Con as a backdrop for his book Comic-Con and the Business of Pop Culture, an analysis of the comics industry's 21st-century dilemmas and what the future may hold.
Locations and dates 
||This panelists and exhibitors is missing information about section. (November 2009)|
Comic-Con Magazine 
Comic-Con Magazine, formerly known as Update, is the official magazine of San Diego Comic-Con International, WonderCon, and Alternative Press Expo, published free by San Diego Comic-Con International in the United States. The origins of the Comic-Con Magazine come from a short one-shot issue of The Spirit, based on Comic-Con, and sold exclusively in 1976 at the San Diego Comic-Con International. The Comic-Con Magazine debuted as Update in July 2005 and mainly focused on the winners of the Eisner Awards. The last Update issue was on July 2008 and went on hiatus. Update came back as Comic-Con Magazine, which not only covered San Diego Comic-Con International, but also WonderCon and the Alternative Press Expo, more commonly known as APE. The new Comic-Con Magazine features interviews with Comic-Con attendees and complete coverage of the Comic-Con events. The fourth issue of Comic-Con Magazine will be a hybrid with Comic-Con's Souvenir Book with cover art by Alex Ross, in full color and exclusive to Comic-Con attendees.
Issues and criticism 
||This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutral point of view of the subject. (November 2009)|
Capacity attendance at Comic-Con in 2006 and 2007 has caused crowding issues. Concerns have been raised that the event is possibly too massive for the San Diego Convention Center, Comic-Con's home through at least 2015. In 2006, Comic-Con for the first time, had to close registration for a few hours on Saturday to accommodate crowds. In response, for 2007, Comic-Con introduced a new three-day membership that did not include Saturday. Nevertheless, the 2007 show went on to sell out Saturday, as well as Friday and Sunday for the first time. Additionally, both the four-day and three-day memberships sold out for the first time. For 2008, the three-day memberships were abandoned and the convention decided to sell memberships only in advance, with no on-site registration. In 2008, all memberships were sold out before the convention for the first time ever. This sellout has given rise to the new phenomenon of Comic-Con memberships being scalped for exorbitant prices on websites such as eBay.
In April 2008, David Glanzer, Comic-Con's director of marketing and public relations, commented on the organization's desire to remain in San Diego:
We've been approached by other cities, [but] I don't think anybody wants to leave San Diego. I certainly don't. It's a perfect fit for us. It's expensive, whether it be paying for the street signs that tell you what streets are closed, or for any police or the hall or any of the myriad things, it's expensive. But it's a great city. There's been some talk of expansion of the center, which we would certainly welcome. Hopefully if everything lines up, we will be here for many more years.
Heidi McDonald reported on her blog The Beat as of October 7, 2009 Preview Night for the 2010 show has already sold out. Glazner explained the early sell-out:
For 2010 the decision was made to offer an option (of whether they wanted to attend Preview Night) to those who pre-registered for four-day badges. We limited the number of badges for Preview Night to the number of those who attended in 2008.
Mark Evanier on his blog News from ME noted as of November 9, 2009 all 4-day passes for the 2010 show had already been sold out. On February 23, 2010, The Orange County Register reported that the larger Anaheim Convention Center in Anaheim would be making a bid to become the new home of Comic-Con starting in 2013. On September 30, 2010 Comic Con announced that they have extended their stay up to 2015. The North County Times reported on July 26, 2010 that 4-day passes with access to Preview night for the 2011 Convention sold out two hours before the 2010 convention closed. Due to overcrowding organizers of the event capped attendance; this cap has been in place since 2007.
As of November 2012, there is a $520 million proposed expansion to the San Diego Convention Center. The proposed expansion would increase the available space within the convention center by 33 percent and has a target completion date of early 2016. Due to the proposed expansion of the convention center, Comic Con extended its contract for San Diego to 2016.
See also 
- Weisberg, Lori (November 22, 2010). "Comic-Con registration crashes for second time". San Diego Union-Tribune (San Diego, California). Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "Comic-Con co-creator Ken Krueger dies". BBC News. November 25, 2009. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- Rowe, Peter (January 5, 2012). "Richard Alf, 59, one of Comic-Con's founders". U-T San Diego. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- Shel Dorf Tribute
- Ken Krueger Tribute
- Peter Rowe (July 16, 2009). "Invasion of the comic fanatics". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved October 4, 2009. "While the Con's impact is global, it's San Diego's single largest convention, drawing more than 100,000 people who will rent hotel rooms, order meals and buy bagfuls of whatnots, all to the tune of $32 million."
- "Founder of Comic-Con Dies at 76", City News Service via Fox5SanDiego.com, November 4, 2009
- Evanier, Mark. POV Online (column of November 3, 2009): "Shel Dorf, R.I.P."
- Comic-Con Souvenir Book No. 40 p.61 (2009)
- Rowe, Peter. "Obituary: Sheldon Dorf; Comic-Con co-founder". 'The San Diego Union-Tribune. Sign On San Diego. November 4, 2009
- Malloy, Elizabeth (April 18, 2008). "Charting Comic-Con's Hulk-like growth". The Daily Transcript. Retrieved April 19, 2008.
- "Comic Con Memories The 70s". Comic-Con Souvenir Book No. 40 p.75 (2009)
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- "Comic-Con To Stay in SD At Least Through 2015". 10news.com. September 30, 2010
- Kilpatrick, Conor. "Comic-Con International to stay in San Diego through 2015". iFanboy.com. Retrieved September 2010
- "Comic-Con kicks off with freaks, fans, famous people". Baltimore Sun. July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
Tom Blair (July 15, 2011). "Comic-Con is truly one in the millions". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- Peter Rowe (22 April 2013). "Beer is big, bubbly business in SD, new study confirms". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 25 April 2013. "That same year, the direct economic impact of Comic-Con — a five-day pop culture celebration that is the county’s largest convention — was pegged at $180 million."
- Graser, Marc; Maxwell, Erin (July 13, 2011). "TV shows loom at Comic-Con". Variety.com, Reed Business Information. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
- Goldberg, Lesley (July 3, 2011). "Comic-Con 2011: The TV Lineup". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
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- Carla Day (27 April 2012). "The Big Bang Theory Review: Howard, Raj and Sailor Moon". TVFanatic. Mediavine Inc. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
- "Chuck Versus the Sandworm". Tv.com. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
- Summary page for The Real World: San Diego (2011 season) Episode 7 ("It's My Party and I'll Bang If I Want To"). MTV.com. November 9, 2011
- "It's My Party and I'll Bang If I Want To". The Real World: San Diego. Season 26. Episode 7. November 9, 2011. MTV. http://www.mtv.com/videos/real-world-san-diego-ep-7-its-my-party-and-ill-bang-if-i-want-to/1674069/playlist.jhtml.
- Comic Con Souvenir Book No. 40. San Diego Comic-Com International. 2009. p. 60.
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- "Comic-Con 2006 Special Guest List". Retrieved October 11, 2009.
- "Comic-Con: Where 'nerd has become normal'" USA Today (July 29, 2007), by Scott Bowles
- "Comic-Con 2007 Special Guest List". Retrieved October 11, 2009.
- Comic-Con seeks bids from hotels
- "Comic-Con 2008 Special Guest List". August 16, 2008. Retrieved October 11, 2009.
- Sarah Parvini (15 July 2012). "Comic-Con attendees reflect on the convention’s changing atmosphere". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- "Comic-Con 2009 Special Guest List". September 14, 2009. Retrieved October 11, 2009.
- Michael Cieply (July 8, 2009). "Japan’s Master Animator to Be Honored in U.S. Visit". New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- Michael Carvna (August 14, 2009). "Lasseter Celebrates 'Ponyo' Creator Hayao Miyazaki". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- Lev Grossman (July 25, 2009). [San Diego Comic-Con: Meeting Miyazaki "San Diego Comic-Con: Meeting Miyazaki"]. Times Magazine. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- SDCC '10: A Note About This Week's Massive Coverage
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- "Comic-Con 2010 Special Guest List". Retrieved December 18, 2009.
- Matt Goldberg (October 7, 2009). "The 4-Day + Preview Night Passes for the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con Are Already Sold Out". Collinder.com. Retrieved October 23, 2009. and
Kevin Melrose (October 6, 2009). "The comics Internet in two minutes". Comicbookresources.com. Retrieved October 23, 2009.
- Lindsay Hood; Michelle Wayland (26 July 2010). "Man Stabbed at Comic-Con Screening". KNSD. NBCUniversal, inc. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Lori Weisberg (July 22, 2011). "Lines and pre-registration the Comic-Con way". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "Fourth and final day for Comic-Con and over 126,000 attendees". KFMB-TV. July 24, 2011. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
- "Comic-Con International 2011 Special Guests". Comic-Con 2011. Comic-Con International. October 16, 2011. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
- Lori Weisberg (March 3, 2012). "Comic-Con badges sell out in record time". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- Sandy Cohen (16 July 2012). "Comic-Con wraps after 4 days of pop-art indulgence". Associated Press. Retrieved 16 July 2012. "The event has become so popular that organizers have capped attendance at around 130,000 and implemented the digital-registration system to reduce long lines onsite (there are enough of those already) and to prevent ticket brokers from buying blocks of admission badges for resale."
- "Comic-Con International 2012 Special Guests". Comic-Con International 2012 Programming Schedule. Comic-Con International. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- Kristina Davis; Pauline Repard; Oliver Ortega (10 July 2010). "Twilight fan hit by car and killed at Comic-Con". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 14 July 2012. "The woman was in a crosswalk and had a red light when she tried to run across Harbor Drive toward the convention center about 9:20 a.m., said police Sgt. Ron Glass."
- Rogers, John (July 2005). "Inside: Celebrating a Legend" (PDF). Update (San Diego, California: San Diego Comic-Con International) 1 (1): Cover. OCLC 50503872.
- Rogers, John (July 2008). "Exclusive World Premiere at WonderCon!: Justice League: The New Frontier" (PDF). Update (San Diego, California: San Diego Comic-Con International) 3 (1): Cover. OCLC 50503872.
- "FREE magazine gives you valuable information" (SHTML). San Diego Comic-Con International. Retrieved February 3, 2009. "[...] the new official publication of the San Diego Comic-Con International, WonderCon, and APE, the Alternative Press Expo [...] Comic-Con Magazine will still contain the elements that made the Update the official preview of all the Comic-Con events [...] We will continue showcasing exclusive interviews with special guests from all three of our shows [...]"
- Miller, Neil (March 2, 2008). "Officially Cool: Comic-Con Magazine Premiere Issue" (PHP). Film School Rejects. Retrieved February 3, 2009. "[...] produced by the folks who run the San Diego Comic-Con, it's little sister show WonderCon and APE, the Alternative Press Expo. This new publication, Comic-Con Magazine, is the evolved version of Update [...] there is a pretty in-depth preview of this year's San Diego Comic-Con [...] a Comic-Con A to Z Guide and Interviews with actual Comic-Con attendees."
- "2009 Comic‑Con Souvenir Book!" (SHTML). San Diego Comic-Con International. Retrieved February 3, 2009. "[...] Alex Ross' cover for our 2008 Souvenir Book [...] The big news this year is that the Souvenir Book is switching to FULL COLOR [...]"
- Forbes (July 30, 2007): "What began as a comic-book event has grown to include toys, video games, anime and movies. The event practically no longer fits in the San Diego Convention Center, its home through 2012".
- Comic-COn 2008 registration
- McLean, Tom (June 25, 2008). "Buyers beware scalped Comic-Con tickets". Variety.com. Retrieved July 20, 2008.
- More on the SDCC Preview Night sellout — correction
- You Were Warned!
- Eric, Carpenter (February 23, 2010). "Could Comic-Con move to Anaheim?". The Orange County Register.
- Eric Wolff. "REGION: Comic-Con sells out 2011 Preview Night before Con ends". North County Times.
- Lori Weisberg (March 1, 2012). "Comic-Con badges go on sale Saturday". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved March 5, 2012. ""As you know because of limited space at the San Diego Convention Center we have had to cap attendance for the last few years," organizers said in their e-mail."
- Geoff Boucher (September 30, 2010). "Comic-Con will stay in San Diego". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 5, 2012. "Comic-Con reached a self-imposed attendance limit at the San Diego Convention Center (SDCC) in 2007 and has had to cap attendance at approximately 125,000 people each year since."
- Liam Dillon (8 November 2012). "Convention Center Expansion Clears Major Hurdle". Voice of San Diego. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "San Diego Convention Center Phase III Expansion Project". Unified Port of San Diego. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "Expansion". Community. San Diego Convention Center Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "Comic-Con International to remain in San Diego through 2016". Los Angeles Times. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- San Diego Comic Convention Souvenir Book 1994 (offline)
- The "Secret Origin" of San Diego's Comic-Con International
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (July 2012)|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to:|
- Official website
- SDCC Comic Con Blog
- San Diego Comic-Con Unofficial Blog
- Comic-Con 2010: Best Pics – slideshow by Life magazine
- Comic-Con 2010 – slideshow by The First Post
- Comic-Con's Dorf watches sadly from the sidelines as T-shirts trump talent, San Diego Union Tribune July 16, 2006
- Keeping the intangibles Maggie Thompson's memories of Comic-Con, Comics Buyer's Guide, Jan. 2009
- Comic-Convention Memories
- Crashing the Con A Documentary on San Diego Comic-Con International 2008
- Sanderson, Peter. "Comics in Context #5: San Diego 2003: Day One", IGN.com, August 8, 2003. (Comic-Con history). WebCitation archive.