Naval Medical Center San Diego
|Naval Medical Center San Diego|
Aerial view of the Naval Medical Center San Diego as seen in the 1950s
|Active||1917 – Present|
|Branch||United States Navy|
|Motto||The Pride of Navy Medicine|
Naval Medical Center San Diego (NMCSD), also known as Bob Wilson Naval Hospital and informally referred to as "Balboa Hospital", is a technologically advanced Navy medical treatment facility. Located within the grounds of Balboa Park in San Diego, the hospital has played a role in the history of San Diego for more than 80 years. The goal has remained constant, to provide the finest medical care in a family-centered care environment to operational forces, their families, and veterans. Organizationally, the hospital is first and foremost a military command.
As the United States entered World War I, San Diegans offered the nearly empty Balboa Park after the 1915 Panama–California Exposition to be used by various branches of the U.S. military for barracks and training purposes. During this time, a hospital tent was set up at the present location of the San Diego Natural History Museum. In September 1919, city leaders set aside a 17-acre (6.9 ha) parcel at Inspiration Point in Balboa Park for use in constructing a permanent Naval hospital. This donation, along with other purchased land, allowed for the development of a 85-acre (34 ha), 89-building complex with 2,600 beds. The first unit opened in 1925.
During World War II, due to large numbers of casualties coming from the Pacific Theater of Operations, the hospital expanded to include most of the buildings in present day Balboa Park. For instance, the Navy Nurses were housed at the House of Hospitality and the California Building, Fine Arts Gallery and the Natural History Museum were converted into hospital wards. The Lily Pond was used for swim training, the Japanese Tea Garden as a Red Cross Servicemen's Center, the House of Pacific Relations as officers' quarters and the Palisades as a Hospital Corps School named Camp Kidd. The Balboa Complex, to include the main Naval Hospital, treated approximately 172,000 patients with a maximum occupancy of 12,000 in December, 1944. In 1946 the Balboa Park grounds and buildings were returned to the city.
During the Vietnam War-era, the complex was the largest military hospital in the world.
An entirely new $270 million hospital complex was built in Florida Canyon, north of the original hospital, during the mid-1980s; the site was chosen at the urging of then-U.S. Representative Bob Wilson, after whom the new hospital complex was subsequently named. It officially opened in January 1988. A 39-acre (16 ha) portion of the original site was returned to the city of San Diego and restored to Park use.
The center has five medical mobilization teams including the hospital ship USNS Mercy (T-AH-19) whose personnel are drawn from the hospital staff. These teams deploy to the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia at various times during the year.
The hospital is a major training facility associated with the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences. The hospital is affiliated with the University of California, San Diego, Children's Hospital and Health Center, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation in La Jolla and other institutions where Navy trainees perform rotations as integral parts of their residency or fellowship programs. The hospital also maintains a school on the grounds for training enlisted medical personnel.
The hospital operates clinics at area military installations, where ambulatory care is provided to the active duty population. Nine other clinics are located in San Diego and are available to family members and retirees.
Research and testing
A leader in the medical field, the hospital is also a major teaching and research center.
As Navy medicine's most active teaching hospital, graduate medical education programs are conducted in anesthesiology, dermatology, emergency medicine, general surgery, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, orthopedics, pathology, pediatrics, psychiatry, psychology, radiology, urology, general practice dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, nurse anesthesia, and hospital pharmacy.
- Christman (1985), p. 71
- Linder (2001), p. 62
- "Balboa Park history timeline: 1925". San Diego Historical Society. Retrieved July 24, 2011.
- Amero, Richard.  "The US Naval Hospital and Balboa Park." (1998), pg. 3.
- La Tourette, Robert, LT USN (June 1968). The San Diego Naval Complex. United States Naval Institute Proceedings.
- "About Us". Naval Medical Center San Diego. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
- Showley, Roger (April 28, 1985). "Four years later, Navy hospital is halfway there". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved July 24, 2011.
- Christman, Florence (1985). The Romance of Balboa Park (4th ed.). San Diego: San Diego Historical Society. ISBN 0-918740-03-7.
- Linder, Bruce (2001). San Diego's Navy. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-531-4.
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