San Donà di Piave
|San Donà di Piave|
|Città di San Donà di Piave|
|Frazioni||Calvecchia, Chiesanuova, Cittanova, Fiorentina, Fossà, Grassaga, Isiata, Mussetta di Sopra, Palazzetto, Passarella, Santa Maria di Piave|
|• Mayor||Andrea Cereser (since 2013) (Democratic Party)|
|• Total||78.73 km2 (30.40 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|Population (August 2011)|
|• Density||530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Our Lady of the Rosary|
|Saint day||First Monday in October|
San Donà di Piave (Italian pronunciation: [san doˈna ddi ˈpjave]; Venetian: San Donà [saŋ doˈna]) is a city and comune of province of Venice, Veneto, northern Italy. It is one of the historical main towns of the Eastern Veneto territory, although it was totally reconstructed in the early 1920s after being heavily damaged during the World War I.
San Donà lies on the river Piave 336 km (209 mi) from Venice, 261 km (162 mi) from Treviso, and 261 km (162 mi) from Pordenone. It bounds the communes of Noventa di Piave, Musile di Piave and Fossalta di Piave, that have become in practice a part of a single urban area, also known as Città del Piave. Besides, San Donà borders on the territories of Jesolo, Eraclea, Ceggia, Torre di Mosto, Cessalto and Salgareda.
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The friendship pact
Seven centuries ago, during the Middle Ages, San Donà and the close village of Musile di Piave were two small communities of the wetland situated north-east of Venetian Lagoon. The "friendship pact" between the two communities combines historical fact and legend. In 1258 (according to the historian Plateo) or in 1383 (according to other scholar) the Piave River changed its course naturally. At that time the river marked the boundary between two dioceses: the Patriarch of Aquileia on the eastern side and the diocese of Torcello (Venice) on the other one. The church of San Donato (Saint Donatus), which was previously on the eastern side of the river Piave, and therefore on the side of San Donà, after the flood was on the western side of the river in the current territory of Musile di Piave. Thus the village of San Donà (whose name is the truncated form of San Donato) lost its identity symbol. Hence the compromise: San Donà kept the name of the saint, but its population must reward that one of Musile with two capons (“gallos eviratos duos”) on August 7 of each year. Moreover the community of Musile retained the right to make the traditional feast in honor of the parish patron saint.
This is the synthesis of "friendship pact": every year on August 7, the payment of tribute is repeated. The tradition has been restored in a rich ceremony with a great attention to the historical details under the patronage of the Veneto Region.
- Duomo of Blessed Virgin Mary (19th century, rebuilt after the World War I)
- Church of Saint Charles in Chiesanuova
- Villa Ancillotto and its ornamental historical park (18th–20th centuries)
- Museo della Bonifica (Land Reclamation Museum) 
- Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea (City Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art)
- Parco della Scultura in Architettura (Park of Sculpture in Architecture) 
Laura Pavan, Lands of Eastern Veneto. Tourism and Cultural Guide, Edicilio Editore, Portogruaro, 2007.
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