San Felipe, Guanajuato

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San Felipe
Towers of the parish church of San Miguel Arcángel, one of several colonial churches in San Felipe.
Towers of the parish church of San Miguel Arcángel, one of several colonial churches in San Felipe.
Official seal of San Felipe
Seal
Location of San Felipe within Guanajuato
Location of San Felipe within Guanajuato
San Felipe is located in Mexico
San Felipe
San Felipe
Location of San Felipe within Guanajuato
Coordinates: 21°29′00″N 101°13′00″W / 21.48333°N 101.21667°W / 21.48333; -101.21667
Country Mexico
State Guanajuato
Foundation 1562
Government
 • Mayor Miguel Ángel Flores Solís[1]
Area
 • Total 2,969.79 km2 (1,146.64 sq mi)
Elevation 2,080 m (6,820 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 106,952
 • Density 36.01/km2 (93.3/sq mi)
 • Demonym sanfelipense
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Website sanfelipe.guanajuato.gob.mx

San Felipe (Spanish pronunciation: [san feˈlipe]) is a Mexican city and municipality located in the northwest region of the state of Guanajuato. The municipality has an area of 2,969.79 square kilometers (9.50% of the state's surface), making it the biggest municipality in terms of size. It is bordered to the north by the municipality of Ocampo, to the south by the municipalities of León and Guanajuato, to the southeast by the municipality of Dolores Hidalgo and to the east by the municipality of San Diego de la Unión. It borders to the north with the state of San Luis Potosí and to the west with the state of Jalisco. The municipality had 106,952 inhabitants as of 2010.[2]

History[edit]

San Felipe was founded by Francisco de Velasco on January 21, 1562, by orders of viceroy Luis de Velasco. The city was founded with the name of San Felipe in honor of King Phillip II of Spain. In 1889 the name of the city was changed to "Ciudad González" in honor of the then governor of Guanajuato, Manuel González. The name of the city was again changed in 1938, this time to "Ciudad Hernández Álvarez", after governor Enrique Herández Álvarez. In 1948 the city's name was reverted to the original name of "San Felipe". Regardless of the several official names the city was given through time, it was always colloquially known as "San Felipe Torres Mochas" (lit. "San Felipe stub-towers"), a nickname that persists to this day.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for San Felipe
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.0
(80.6)
28.0
(82.4)
32.5
(90.5)
36.5
(97.7)
37.0
(98.6)
37.5
(99.5)
31.0
(87.8)
31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
38.0
(100.4)
39.5
(103.1)
29.0
(84.2)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
22.3
(72.1)
25.7
(78.3)
27.8
(82)
28.7
(83.7)
26.6
(79.9)
24.3
(75.7)
24.8
(76.6)
24.0
(75.2)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
21.0
(69.8)
24.4
(75.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
13.2
(55.8)
16.2
(61.2)
18.4
(65.1)
19.8
(67.6)
19.1
(66.4)
17.9
(64.2)
18.1
(64.6)
17.5
(63.5)
15.8
(60.4)
14.4
(57.9)
12.6
(54.7)
16.2
(61.2)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.0
(39.2)
6.6
(43.9)
9.0
(48.2)
10.9
(51.6)
11.6
(52.9)
11.4
(52.5)
11.4
(52.5)
10.9
(51.6)
8.3
(46.9)
5.7
(42.3)
4.1
(39.4)
8.1
(46.6)
Record low °C (°F) −6.5
(20.3)
−8.0
(17.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.5
(32.9)
3.0
(37.4)
4.0
(39.2)
6.0
(42.8)
7.0
(44.6)
2.5
(36.5)
0.0
(32)
−5.0
(23)
−5.5
(22.1)
−8
(17.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 16.6
(0.654)
6.0
(0.236)
3.1
(0.122)
16.5
(0.65)
37.9
(1.492)
66.8
(2.63)
113.8
(4.48)
85.2
(3.354)
71.1
(2.799)
36.9
(1.453)
11.6
(0.457)
9.9
(0.39)
475.4
(18.717)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.4 1.3 1.1 3.0 5.3 7.2 9.8 8.7 7.8 4.7 1.8 1.8 53.9
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[4]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2010 there were 106,952 people and 22,830 households in the municipality, representing a population increase of 11,056 from the previous census in 2005. The population density was 36.01/km² (93.3/sq mi), with an average of 4.7 people per household.[2]

Economy[edit]

The economy of the municipality is based mostly on the textile industry.[5]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gobierno de San Felipe Torres Mochas. "Presidentes". Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  2. ^ a b Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. "San Felipe, Guanajuato". Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  3. ^ Secretaría de Gobernación. "San Felipe". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  4. ^ NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1971-2000, National Meteorological Service of Mexico. Retrieved August 4, 2012 .
  5. ^ http://sanfelipe.guanajuato.gob.mx/sociedad/marco.htm[dead link]

Coordinates: 21°29′00″N 101°13′00″W / 21.4833333433°N 101.216666677°W / 21.4833333433; -101.216666677