San Fernando, Romblon
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Map of Romblon with San Fernando highlighted
|Region||MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)|
|Reestablished||January 1, 1947|
|• Mayor||Dindo C. Rios|
|• Total||196.87 km2 (76.01 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
San Fernando is a fourth class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines. It is a coastal town located at the foot of the mountain, covering the southern portion of Sibuyan Island. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 22,466 people.
Variant Romblomanon language locally called Sibuyanon dialect (Sibuyanon Magdiwang-España Style) is the native language in 4 eastern barangays of the municipality, while the rest speaks Sibuyanon (Sibujanon Azagra-San Fernando Style).
San Fernando is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.
The oldest part of San Fernando is Azagra, originally known as Cauit, that already existed as separate visita in the early part of the 17th century (a visita is a curacy without a permanent assigned priest). In 1636, construction of churches in Visita de Cajidiocan and Visita de Cauit was started. In 1744, Pueblo de Sibuyan was created that covered the entire Sibuyan Island, and was also referred to as Pueblo de Cajidiocan.
The first recorded existence of San Fernando formerly known as ‘Pag-alad’, meaning "offering", was in 1813 when the former settlement of Fundacion de Pag-alad under Visita de Cauit was converted into a separate curacy named Visita de Pag-alad, still under the jurisdiction of pueblo de Sibuyan (Cajidiocan).
Cangumba was an established settlement in early 18th century. The first recorded data was in 1842 as sitio de Cangumba, part of Visita de Azagra. Sitio Mabolo existed in 1847, Canjalon in 1848. The rest of the early established sitios, barrios and visitas were España, Agtiwa (originally a barrio of Magdiwang during Spanish time until 1901), Cangumon, San Roque, Canago and finally Otod in 1894.
After Romblon was made into a separate district in 1853, local government was also reorganized in 1855, resulting in 17 new pueblos, including Pag-alad, Cauit, España, and Princesa (now sitio Cangumba of barangay Azagra). Thirteen years later, the district was converted into a province, resulting in another reorganization of the local municipal government. On Sibuyan, there were only 3 pueblos left after January 11, 1868, these were: Magallanes, Cajidiocan, and pueblo Cauit which was renamed Pueblo de Azagra on February 3, 1868, and it included the former pueblos of Princesa (Cangumba), Pag-alad, and España.
In 1882, Visita Pag-alad was renamed Visita San Fernando in honor of Fernando Magallanes. In 1884, the territory known as Racheria de España separated from pueblo Azagra as independent pueblo. The break-up was short lived, because in 1886, España was recalled back and again reunited to its mother-town Azagra through the insistence of Azagra’s mayor (Governadorcillo) Don Maximo Madrilejoz.
Civil government was established under the Americans on March 16, 1901 and Azagra was one of the 11 new municipalities. However, a few months later before the end of the year, the seat of the municipality was transferred from Azagra to the present townsite at San Fernando poblacion.
On June 8, 1940, the special Municipality of Sibuyan was established through the passage of Commonwealth Act No. 581 sponsored by a Bantoanon legislature, Congressman Leonardo Festin. San Fernando was abolished and was annexed to the new municipality with its seat at Cajidiocan town. The former towns of San Fernando and Magdiwang were represented only by one councilor at its municipal council. On May 26, 1946, the special municipality of Sibuyan was abolished through the passage of Republic Act No. 38 authored by Congressman Modesto Formelleza and enacted on January 1, 1947, when the Philippine President signed into law restoring both San Fernando and Magdiwang to their former status as independent municipalities.
In the field of education, San Fernando high school was converted into a national school of arts and trades known as Romblon National Vocational School under Republic Act No. 2428 enacted into law in 1958.
History of barrios and barangays
The municipality of San Fernando was previously known as pueblo de Azagra until 1901. In late 1901, the poblacion was transferred from Azagra to San Fernando poblacion, thus renaming the name of the municipality from Azagra to San Fernando because of the transfer.
As mentioned earlier, España ceased in 1886 and annexed back to Azagra. In 1894, Azagra had a total of 10 barrios, namely: Cangumba, Tinimbuan, Otod, Canjalon, Campalingo, visita de San Fernando, España rancheria, Ylaya barrio, Taclobo and Dentro de Poblacion with combined population of 3,748. In 1896, two new barrios were created out of rancheria España. These were rancheria de Canago and Rancheria de San Roque absorbing the former pueblo of España. Azagra pueblo’s total population in 1896 was 4,039.
The American civil government, from 1899–1901, reduced the number of barrio to facilitate the military policy of concentrating the civilian population of the poblaciones. Thus, in 1901, San Fernando lost three barrios, namely: Cangumba, Taclobo and Tinimbuan. In 1903 census, the former municipality of Azagra which was replaced by San Fernando had a total of 11 barrios, namely: Canjalon, Otod (absorbed former barrio of Tinimbuan), Cangumon (which included territory of former barrio of Cangumba), visita Azagra, Campalingo, Poblacion, Pili (which absorbed abolished barrio of Taclobo), Panangcalan (this barrio was formerly known as Ilaya barrio), visita España (the former visita was restored taken from dissolved barrio named rancheria de Canago (Carnago) which represents only the poblacion area of España), Mabolo (created taken from the former barrio of rancheria de San Roque, this territory previously extended from what is now Mabini-Mabolo area up to present day sitios of Punong and Binayaan of España including all its tingues 'hills and mountains') and finally Agtiwa (comprising the former barrios of Tinimbauan and Guintac-an) formerly part of pueblo de Magallanes until 1901. San Fernando's total population in 1903 was 3,977.
In 1918, barrio Cangumon was abolished and annexed to barrio Azagra while barrio Taclobo (misspelled Taglobo in 1918) was restored as independent barrio taken from Pili. Embarcacion was one of the barrios enumerated in 1918 which represented those engaged in shipping and maritime industries that time. However, in 1939 census, Embarcacion was not enumerated. Its population was integrated to barrio Poblacion while the rest of the municipality did not make any remarkable change with regards to its number of barrios which still stand at 11. The last barrio to be created was barrio Mabini in 1958 taken from barrio Mabolo. Today, the municipality of San Fernando included the former territories of abolished municipalities of Azagra, Princesa and España that existed during Spanish time as separate pueblos or parishes.
|1894 /a||1896 /a||1903||1918||1939||1948||1960||1970||1975||1980||1990||1995||2000||2007 ||2010 |
|Dentro del Pueblo (U)
|Rancheria de Canago||176|
|Rancheria de San Roque||151|
|Visita de San Fernando||1,500||1,515|
- /a – Municipality of Azagra
- /b - Part of Magallanes (Magdiwang)
- U - Urban barangay
MV Princess of the Stars sinking
The MV Princess of the Stars, flagship of the Sulpicio Lines fleet, left the port of Manila on June 20, 2008, en route to Cebu City. Although Typhoon Fengshen, locally known as Typhoon Frank, had made landfall at Samar Island earlier the same day, the Princess of the Stars was permitted to sail because the vessel was large enough to stay afloat in the typhoon's periphery. However, Fengshen unexpectedly changed course later that day, placing the ferry in serious danger of being overwhelmed by the storm. At midday on June 21, the ferry sent out a distress signal; radio contact was lost at 12:30 PST (04:30 GMT). The mayor of San Fernando, Nanette Tansingco, sent a speedboat and confirmed that the ferry had a hole in the hull and was partially submerged, and that several bodies had been found nearby. Later reports revealed that the hole in the hull was actually the ship's bow thruster.
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- 2007 NCSO Census
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- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
||Magdiwang / Cajidiocan|
|Sibuyan Sea||Sibuyan Sea|