San Fernando, Romblon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
San Fernando
Municipality
Map of Romblon with San Fernando highlighted
Map of Romblon with San Fernando highlighted
San Fernando is located in Philippines
San Fernando
San Fernando
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°19′N 122°36′E / 12.317°N 122.600°E / 12.317; 122.600Coordinates: 12°19′N 122°36′E / 12.317°N 122.600°E / 12.317; 122.600
Country Philippines
Region MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)
Province Romblon
District Lone district
Founded 1636
Reestablished January 1, 1947
Barangays 12
Government[2]
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Salem R. Tansingco (NP)[1]
 • Vice Mayor Jesusima R. Castro (LP)[1]
 • Councilors[3] Baranda, Renren (NP)
Rios, Dax (LP)
Renion, Bubot (NP)
Lotec, Valentin Jr.(LP)
Rafol, Meriam (LP)
Rosas, Cocoy (NP)
Repil, Zorai (NP)
Marin, Doming (LP)
Area[4]
 • Total 196.87 km2 (76.01 sq mi)
Highest elevation 2,058 m (6,752 ft)
Population (2010)[5]
 • Total 22,466
 • Density 110/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Zip Code 5513
Dialing code 42

San Fernando is a fourth class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The town of San Fernando was established in 1636 as Visita de Cauit in what is today Barangay Azagra. It is one of two visitas in Sibuyan Island, the other being Cajidiocan. In 1744, Cajiodiocan was turned into a pueblo (town) which included Visita de Cauit.[6][7]

The first villages or barrios of Visita de Cauit were Pag-alad, Cangumba, Mabolo or San Roque, Canjalon, España or Canago, Agtiwa, Cangumon and Otod. After Romblon was made a separate district in 1853, and the local government reorganization of 1855, 17 new pueblos were created including Visita de Cauit. In 3 February 1868, Pueblo de Cauit was renamed Pueblo de Azagra. One of Azagra's villages, Visita de Pag-alad was renamed Visita de San Fernando in 1882, in honor of Ferdinand Magellan.[6][7]

Modern era[edit]

The bow of the capsized M/V Princess of the Stars

When civilian government was introduced to the province by the Americans on 16 March 1901, Azagra was one of 11 new municipalities created. However, by the end of the year, the seat of the municipality was transferred from Azagra to San Fernando village, thereby, changing the town's name.[6][7]

On 8 June 1940, the passage of Commonwealth Act No. 581, sponsored by Congressman Leonardo Festin, created the special municipality of Sibuyan. It abolished San Fernando and was annexed to the new town whose seat of government was in Cajidiocan. On 26 May 1946, the special municipality of Sibuyan was abolished by Republic Act No. 38, authored by Congressman Modesto Formelleza and enacted on 1 January 1947. It effectively restored San Fernando into its former status as an independent municipality.[6][7]

In 1958, San Fernando High School, the town's highest institution of learning was converted into a national school for arts and trades known as Romblon National Vocation School under Republic Act No. 2428.[6][7]

MV Princess of the Stars sinking[edit]

On 21 June 2008, MV Princess of the Stars, the flagship inter-island ferry of Sulpicio Lines sank in the waters of San Fernando after during the onslaught of Typhoon Fengshen (locally known as Typhoon Frank).[8] Of the ship's 862 passengers and crew, only 48 survived while 67 were confirmed dead and 747 remain missing. A massive search-and-rescue, and then recovery and salvage operation, took place in the waters of San Fernando to remove remaining dead bodies and potentially dangerous cargo from the sunken ship. The wreck of the MV Princess of the Star still remains in the town's coastal waters.[9][10]

Geography[edit]

San Fernando is a coastal town which lies on the southwestern portion of the Sibuyan Island and is the biggest among the three towns comprising the island, the other two being Magdiwang and Cajidiocan. It has a total land area of 190,608.231 sq. kms. making it the largest municipality in the province, surpassing Odiongan by more than 11 sq. kms. The municipality has an irregular coastline broken by beautiful, long stretches of sandy beaches.

The municipality has high and steep mountain ranges as it is located at the foot of Romblon's tallest peak, Mount Guiting-Guiting. Other mountains are Mount Sibuyan and Mount Conico. Much of its territory is part of Mount Guiting-Guiting Natural Park made up of lush tropical rainforest where unique flora and fauna thrive, giving Sibuyan the nickname, The Galapagos of the Philippines.

Barangays[edit]

San Fernando is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.

Population census of San Fernando
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1960 10,659 —    
1970 13,448 +2.35%
1980 14,778 +0.95%
1990 17,768 +1.86%
1995 18,551 +0.81%
2000 21,214 +2.92%
2007 22,325 +0.71%
2010 22,466 +0.23%
Source: National Statistics Office[5]
  • Agtiwa
  • Azagra
  • Campalingo
  • Canjalon
  • España
  • Mabini
  • Mabulo
  • Otod
  • Panangcalan
  • Pili
  • Poblacion
  • Taclobo

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2010 census, San Fernando has a population of 22,466 people.[5] The variant Romblomanon language locally called Sibuyanon dialect (Sibuyanon Magdiwang-España Style) is the native language in 4 eastern barangays of the municipality, while the rest speaks Sibuyanon (Sibujanon Azagra-San Fernando Style).

Local government[edit]

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[11] the municipal government is composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice-mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Bayan alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

The incumbent mayor of San Fernando, Romblon, is Salem R. Tansingco and the incumbent vice mayor is Jesusima R. Castro.[1]

Economy[edit]

The municipality has various establishments including general merchandise stores, construction and welding shops, furniture outlets, funeral homes, rice mills, bakeshops, catering services, and cable TV stations. Fishing provides the main source of livelihood for the residents in San Fernando. The Sibuyan Sea and Cresta de Gallo serve as a fishing grounds due to its abundant marine animals like mackerel, sea quartz, tuna, dilis, tanguigue, lapu-lapu, and tropical fish to name a few.

Infrastructure[edit]

Utilities[edit]

National Power Corporation operates a 650-kW plant and 1,025-kw substation in San Fernando. ROMELCO, the local electric cooperative, also implements power in 39.93 percent of households. For its water supply, the town uses the Cantingas irrigation system, which services some 384 hectares of farmland. Some households depend on individual potable distribution which comes from jet pumps, deep wells, and springs.[6]

Transportation and communication[edit]

Liberty Phones, PLDT, and RCPI offers telecommunication services in San Fernando. Cellular phone signal from Smart and Globe are now available as well. Terrestrial and cable television services have become available too. The Sibuyan Circumferential Road is the main thoroughfare that traverses the coastline of San Fernando. Means of transportation include jeepneys, light vehicles, truck, motorcycles, and tricycle.[6]

Tourism[edit]

Because of its untouched mountainous landscape, several rivers and freshwater lakes can be found in San Fernando.[6][7] These include:

  • Cresta de Gallo: A five-hectare kidney-shaped islet with verdant terrain sloping down to the powdery white sand beach and surrounded by beautiful corral reefs. The beach is rich with different species of marine life and an ideal place for swimming and scuba diving.
  • Busay Falls: A scenic spot with a natural pool located some 2.5 kilometers from Poblacion at Barangay Panangcalan. The upper portion is the water reservoir serving the Poblacion.
  • Cantingas River: The pride of Barangay Taclobo is a natural swimming pool with a crystal water. The river is odorless, tasteless, and ever-flowing cold where one could quench his thirst while swimming. It has a cottage with a conference hall.
  • Lamao Lake: A seven-hectare natural lake in Barangay Azagra.
  • Lagting Falls and Camp Christ: This scenic hideaway with a basin-like natural pool is located in Barangay Taclobo, some 3 kilometers away from Poblacion. This falls is a refreshing place to immerse during this hot summer. It has two natural swimming pools with clean water and has several cottages available around the area. It also a part of the Camp Christ where seminars and retreats are conducted.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Partial, Unofficial Results: 2013 Elections". Rappler.com. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Local Government Unit of San Fernando, Romblon". Zamboanga.com. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Province: Romblon". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Fabula, Milex (2001). "Profile: San Fernando, Romblon". Romblon Travel Guide. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "San Fernando, Romblon". The Official Website of the Provincial Government of Romblon. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  8. ^ "Hundreds missing as ship capsizes". BBC News. 22 June 2008. Retrieved 22 June 2008. 
  9. ^ "700 people aboard drifting ferry in Philippines". Radio Australia. 22 June 2008. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. 
  10. ^ Ortiz, Margaux; Salaverria, Leila (24 June 2008). "Ill-starred ship pride of Sulpicio". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 

External links[edit]