Monte Cristi (Dominican Republic)

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San Fernando de Monte Cristi
View from El Morrito of the Montecristi Bay
View from El Morrito of the Montecristi Bay
San Fernando de Monte Cristi is located in the Dominican Republic
San Fernando de Monte Cristi
San Fernando de Monte Cristi
Coordinates: 19°51′0″N 71°39′0″W / 19.85000°N 71.65000°W / 19.85000; -71.65000
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Monte Cristi
Founded 1533
Municipality since 1822
Area[1]
 • Total 455.5 km2 (175.9 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 16 m (52 ft)
Population (2012)[3]
 • Total 42,657
 • Density 94/km2 (240/sq mi)
 • Demonym Montecristeño(a)
Distance to
 – Santo Domingo

270 km
Municipal Districts
0

San Fernando de Monte Cristi is the capital of Monte Cristi Province, Dominican Republic.

Caño de las Mujeres in Montecristi
Small flock of flamingos in the Montecristi Bay

It is located in the northwest of the country in the coastal lowlands, close to the border with Haiti.

History[edit]

Populated in 1533 by Juan de Bolaños and 63 families from the Canary Islands. These migrated to various parts of the country after failing to establish successfully. Later repopulated and became a very wealthy port in the mid-to-late 16th century.

In 1606, one hundred years after its founding, it was destroyed as retribution for doing business with pirates. In 1756 the city was rebuilt and again became a prosperous trading center, until the early 20th century. [4]

In 1895, was the site of the signing of el Manifiesto de Montecristi by Máximo Gómez and José Martí, at Máximo Gómez home located on Mella St. They sailed from "La Granja" beach, also in Montecristi, to Cuba to fight for its independence.

Climate[edit]

Monte Cristi has a tropical savanna climate with a pronounced dry season on summer, and an wet season on winter (Köppen climate classification: As).[5]

Climate data for Monte Cristi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
35.5
(95.9)
36.0
(96.8)
38.0
(100.4)
36.0
(96.8)
38.0
(100.4)
39.0
(102.2)
38.5
(101.3)
39.0
(102.2)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
35.0
(95)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 28.9
(84)
29.4
(84.9)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
31.8
(89.2)
33.3
(91.9)
33.6
(92.5)
33.8
(92.8)
33.7
(92.7)
32.7
(90.9)
30.7
(87.3)
29.2
(84.6)
31.5
(88.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.1
(75.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.1
(77.2)
25.8
(78.4)
27.0
(80.6)
28.2
(82.8)
28.4
(83.1)
28.5
(83.3)
28.3
(82.9)
27.5
(81.5)
25.9
(78.6)
24.5
(76.1)
26.5
(79.7)
Average low °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
19.6
(67.3)
20.1
(68.2)
21.1
(70)
22.2
(72)
23.0
(73.4)
23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.9
(73.2)
22.4
(72.3)
21.3
(70.3)
19.8
(67.6)
21.5
(70.7)
Record low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
15.0
(59)
14.7
(58.5)
16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
20.0
(68)
19.8
(67.6)
18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
16.2
(61.2)
14.0
(57.2)
14.0
(57.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 73.8
(2.906)
47.3
(1.862)
47.7
(1.878)
59.0
(2.323)
59.8
(2.354)
40.1
(1.579)
21.5
(0.846)
28.1
(1.106)
34.8
(1.37)
67.7
(2.665)
108.2
(4.26)
84.1
(3.311)
672.1
(26.461)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.0 3.7 3.2 4.4 5.4 3.2 2.1 2.8 3.7 5.7 6.6 6.5 52.3
Average relative humidity (%) 79.3 78.0 76.7 77.4 78.7 75.9 73.1 73.6 74.8 76.7 77.3 79.2 76.7
Source: NOAA[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana. 
  3. ^ Censo 2012 de Población y Vivienda,Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  4. ^ "Montecristi". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-08-02. 
  5. ^ "Monte Cristi Climate & Temperature". Climatemps.com. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Monte Cristi Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 23, 2015. 

Coordinates: 19°52′N 71°39′W / 19.867°N 71.650°W / 19.867; -71.650