San Francisco Transbay development
|Transbay Transit Center & Tower|
The Transbay Transit Center & the Transbay Tower, the tallest of the towers in the development
San Francisco, California
|Antenna spire||1,070 ft (326 m)|
|Roof||920 ft (280 m)|
|Floor area||1,300,000 sq ft (120,000 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Cesar Pelli |
Hines Interests Limited Partnership
|Engineer||Magnusson Klemencic Associates|
The San Francisco Transbay development plan is a massive redevelopment plan for the Transbay Terminal area, South of Market near the Financial District in San Francisco. The new Transbay Transit Center will replace the since-demolished San Francisco Transbay Terminal, and new skyscrapers, such as the Transbay Tower, will take advantage of Transbay Terminal air rights and land formerly owned by the state which will no longer be needed for bus ramps. The skyscrapers will help finance the cost of building the new Transit Center.
In 1985, San Francisco adopted the Downtown Plan, which slowed development in the Financial District north of Market Street and directed it to the area South of Market around the Transbay Terminal. In the early 1990s, the Embarcadero Freeway was demolished following the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, freeing up numerous city blocks for development south of the Transbay Terminal. In 1995, Caltrain agreed to study extending its commuter rail service from its Fourth and King terminus closer to the Financial District, including whether the Transbay Terminal should be remodeled or rebuilt.
Ultimately, it was decided that the Transbay Terminal should be rebuilt, with the rail extension entering the Terminal under Second Street. To finance the projects and promote development in the area, the Transbay Redevelopment Plan was adopted by the City of San Francisco in June 2005. By raising a number of building heights and selling former freeway parcels, the plan envisions the development of over 2,500 new homes, 3 million square feet of new office and commercial space, and 100,000 square feet of retail.
Transbay Transit Center
The new Transbay Transit Center will replace the demolished Transbay Terminal. The new Transit Center will cost USD $4.185bn and has been dubbed the “Grand Central Station of the West” by proponents. The new center will eventually include an extension of Caltrain into the station from the current Caltrain Depot at 4th and King Streets in Mission Bay via tunnels which will also carry the Bay Area segment of the future California High-Speed Rail and terminate at the station.
The Transit Center will have five levels plus a public rooftop park. The lowest level will house the train platforms, and the level above it will be called the "Lower Concourse". The next level will be the street entrance to the Transit Center. Above that will be the "Second Level", which will have administrative offices and potential retail shops. The last transit level will service local buses from San Francisco's Muni, the East Bay's AC Transit, Golden Gate Transit from Marin and SamTrans from San Mateo County. Also Greyhound and Amtrak will have berths on this deck.
At the center of the redevelopment effort was replacing the Transbay Terminal and building a signature skyscraper at First and Mission Streets. The proposal featured plans from several major architecture firms including Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, Richard Rogers Partnership, and Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects. Eventually the plan from Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects was picked. The original plans from Pelli Clark Pelli Architects called for a 1,200-foot (370 m) tower as the main tower and a massive three-block-long Transbay Center. However due to complaints about how the Transbay Tower would cast a shadow over many of the city's parks the height was dropped to 1,070 feet (330 m).
Due to budget cuts, however, the designs to the large tower changed once again, and it ended with a slit at the top, and a changed terminal station design. However some designs are being restored due to complaints about the design. The tower and the new terminal is now under construction with groundbreaking on March 27, 2013.
New height limits
With the adoption of the Transit Center District Plan in 2012, height limits were raised for several parcels in the vicinity of the Transit Center. Among the parcels zoned for taller buildings are 50 First Street, 181 Fremont Street, 350 Mission Street, Golden Gate University's campus at 536 Mission Street, the proposed Palace Hotel Residential Tower, and the Transbay Tower site.
Former freeway parcels and bus ramps
Following the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, the Embarcadero Freeway was torn down, opening up a number of blocks for development. Several other parcels, near Beale and Howard streets, were used for the East Loop Ramp of the Transbay Terminal and will not be needed for the new Transbay Transit Center. In 2007, the state of California officially agreed to transfer the state-owned parcels to the City and County of San Francisco.
The former freeway parcels are located mostly along the north side of Folsom Street between Essex and Spear and have been zoned for residential use. Other lots, called Parcel F, Parcel M, and Parcel T, have been zoned for office buildings. Parcel T is the site of the new Transbay Tower. As of 2013, Transbay Joint Powers Authority has accepted proposals for Blocks 6/7 and Block 9. The first parcel developed was Block 11, also known as the Rene Cazenave Apartments, an affordable housing project located at 25 Essex Street.
|Block 2||Residential||Temporary Transbay Terminal|
|Block 3||Park||—||—||Temporary Transbay Terminal; Slated to become Transbay Park|
|Block 4||Residential||Temporary Transbay Terminal|
|Block 6||Residential||2013||$30M||300-foot tower with 409 market-rate units and 70 affordable units||299 Fremont Street|||
|Block 7||Residential||2013||—||77 units to be built by Mercy Housing|
|Block 9||Residential||2013||$43.32M||Proposed 400-foot, 563-unit residential tower||500 Folsom Street|||
|Block 11||Residential||2011||—||120-unit Rene Cazenave Apartments||25 Essex Street|||
|Parcel F||Commercial Office|
|Parcel M||Commercial Office|
|Parcel T||Commercial Office||2013||$191.8M||Transbay Tower||101 First Street|||
- King, John (2007-08-12). "Plan B: Architects: Pelli Clarke Pelli". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-09-23.
- King, John (2007-09-21). "'Aggressive schedule' for proposed Transbay transit center, tower (picture)". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-02-17.
- San Francisco Transbay development at Emporis
- San Francisco Transbay development at SkyscraperPage
- San Francisco Transbay development at Structurae
- "Pelli Clarke Pelli Transbay Center & Tower Description". Retrieved 2010-07-30.
- "Transit Center District Plan – General Plan Amendments". May 24, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- Mitchell, Eve (August 4, 1995). "CalTrain moves a step closer to Financial District". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- "Transbay Transit Center - Redevelopment Plan". Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- "Transbay Transit Center - The Project: Transit Center". Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- "Planning’s Towering Transit Center District Plan Decision: Approved". SocketSite. 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
- "The Transbay Redevelopment". SocketSite. 2006-10-26. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "California Transportation Commission Approves Land Transfer to TJPA, City and County of San Francisco for Transbay Transit Center Project and Redevelopment". December 13, 2007.
- "TRANSBAY REDEVELOPMENT PROJECT AREA Attachment 1". Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "The Green Designs For Block 6: Folsom Street From Fremont To Beale". SocketSite. January 10, 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- "The Winning Design And Developer For Transbay Block 9". SocketSite. February 15, 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- Dineen, J.K. (April 2, 2012). "Bridge, Community Housing break ground on Transbay affordable project". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- News of the winning design on transbaycenter.org
- Transbay Transit Center proposal from Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects, with animations and diagrams
- Transbay Transit Center & Tower thread on SkyscraperPage.com
- Renzo Piano Towers I & II thread on SkyscraperPage.com
- Rendering of the Transbay Project Transit Center & Tower on Skyscraperpage.com
- Cumulative shadow and aesthetic simulations of Rincon Hill and Transbay towers
- Salesforce taking all of high-rise on Mission